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A socio-cultural critique of the Celtic Tiger and its aftermath

This book examines the phenomenon of the rise and fall of the Irish Celtic Tiger from a cultural perspective. It looks at Ireland's regression from prosperity to austerity in terms of a society as opposed to just an economy. Using literary and cultural theory, it looks at how this period was influenced by, and in its turn influenced, areas such as religion, popular culture, politics, literature, photography, gastronomy, music, theatre, poetry and film. It seeks to provide some answers as to what exactly happened to Irish society in the past few decades of boom and bust. The socio-cultural rather than the purely economic lens it uses to critique the Celtic Tiger is useful because society and culture are inevitably influenced by what happens in the economic sphere. That said, all of the measures taken in the wake of the financial crash sought to find solutions to aid the ailing economy, and the social and cultural ramifications were shamefully neglected. The aim of this book therefore is to bring the ‘Real’ of the socio-cultural consequences of the Celtic Tiger out of the darkness and to initiate a debate that is, in some respects, equally important as the numerous economic analyses of recent times. The essays analyse how culture and society are mutually-informing discourses and how this synthesis may help us to more fully understand what happened in this period, and more importantly, why it happened.

Place, space and discourse
Editors: Christine Agius and Dean Keep

Identity is often regarded as something that is possessed by individuals, states, and other agents. In this edited collection, identity is explored across a range of approaches and under-explored case studies with a view to making visible its fractured, contingent, and dynamic features. The book brings together themes of belonging and exclusion, identity formation and fragmentation. It also examines how identity functions in discourse, and the effects it produces, both materially and in ideational terms. Taking in case studies from Asia-Pacific, Europe, the Middle East and Latin America, the various chapters interrogate identity through formal governing mechanisms, popular culture and place. These studies demonstrate the complex and fluid nature of identity and identity practices, as well as implications for theorising identity.

2 The Celtic Tiger and the new Irish religious market The Celtic Tiger and the religious market Catherine Maignant Many assume that the Celtic Tiger has devoured religion. However, a careful examination of data does not fully support this analysis. In the view of recent developments, it may even be argued that religiosity remained part of life for most Irish people throughout the Celtic Tiger years. John Waters once commented that in spite of Ireland’s disaffection with the Catholic Church ‘there [was] no such thing as an ex-­Catholic’ in Ireland (Waters 1997, p

in From prosperity to austerity
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vote and parliament. The campaign for female suffrage became the major feature of what is called ‘first-wave feminism’. ‘First-wave’ feminism The ‘first wave’ of feminism (roughly 1830–1930) was similar to other nineteenth-century political campaigns, such as Catholic emancipation or anti-slavery, in which women had been active. These early feminist philosophical arguments were translated into political

in Understanding political ideas and movements
The Catholic Church during the Celtic Tiger Years

by priests in recent years could well have led to an expectation of guilt in the case of Fr Reynolds. What saved many clerical child offenders in the past was precisely the opposite view: very few could conceive of any priest or religious being responsible for heinous crimes against children. So the system can work in different ways, but the end result is always severe myopia when it comes to the 24 Eamon Maher faults within a group where orthodoxy and lack of critical capacity hold sway. The spectacular fall from grace of the Catholic Church in Ireland in the

in From prosperity to austerity
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Economic change and class structure

larger number of Protestant households in the Northern Ireland population, the Catholic and Protestant households contributed very similar shares to the total number of poor and excluded households: 48 per cent and 47 per cent respectively. The remaining 5 per cent of poor households were of no religious affiliation, or their religious affiliation could not be determined. Using a purely income-based measure of poverty, and focusing only on those who declared their religion, Dignan’s findings29 deviate somewhat from Hillyard et al.’s. He estimates that, by the early

in Northern Ireland after the troubles
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European opposition, Muslim migrants, impact on Jews

purposes of employment or education creates a sensitive situation; the implications of this prohibition do not stop at Muslims. There could be impacts on other sides of the ‘triangle’. In the same boat 133 There no longer remains a good justification to allow a Hassidic Jew his black coat and beard, or the next man in a beard and turban his religious freedom – no matter how distrustful that look may be to some? Or nuns in their habits? Is the war with Hassidim, Catholics, or Sikhs, or Muslim women? The difference between the veil and many others’ coverings is four

in Haunted presents

appeal for children’s clothing and footwear. The refugees were given access to the swimming pool at Summerhill College.62 PJ Carrolls Ltd donated 10,000 cigarettes for refugees in Meath. People with cars were urged to ‘take the refugees out to sporting and other functions; entertainers to come to the centres and perform for them; and volunteers to give at least four hours service in any area’. Clothing, games, toys, books and comics were donated to the Catholic Young Women’s Society (CYWS) Hall, Navan in response to appeals in the parish bulletin, which asserted ‘don

in The impact of the Troubles on the Republic of Ireland, 1968–79
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A segregated city

Districts 0–20 21–40 41–60 61–80 81–90 91–100 4.7 3.6 10.7 13.8 9.3 58.0 Source: Census of population, 2001. Table 4.3 Segregation in Belfast, by Protestant community background Percentage of district that is comprised of Protestants 0–20 21–40 41–60 61–80 81–90 91–100 Percentage of Protestants living in such districts 3.4 7.3 7.0 9.3 28.4 44.6 Source: Census of population, 2001. live in places in which at least 81 per cent of people are from the same ethno-religious background. Just over two-thirds of Catholics (67.3 per cent) and almost three-quarters of

in Northern Ireland after the troubles
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Aspects of the ‘triangular’ relations between Europeans, Muslims and Jews

reject one out-group will tend to reject other out-groups. If a person is anti-Jewish, he is likely to be anti-Catholic, anti-Negro, anti any out-group.’ A person with a generalised negative attitude towards immigrants is likely also to target Jews, black people, Muslims, homosexuals and women. It was found that, similar to Jews – ­occasionally even more than Jews – Muslims are frequently regarded as ‘foreign’ rather than as an integral component of the fabric of society.38 The infamous elderly Jews’ ‘smell of caramel’ of Theo van Gogh; van Gogh’s references to the

in Haunted presents