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Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
Tom Scott-Smith

, touting their objects as mass-produced, portable units to be shipped and deployed anywhere in the world. In this mixture of engineering, industrial design and entrepreneurship, innovation is very much the driving force, with its concern for profitability and universality. Innovation, however, is not the same as architecture. One might point out that certain generations of architectural modernism fall into the same trap of mechanistic and homogenised mass solutions, yet this

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

–machine interface ( Halpern, 2014 ). Now a defining feature of late-modernity, this exclusion shaped early computer programming. Politically, it found a reflection in the counter-cultural anticipation of artificial intelligence as a means of undermining the professional hierarchies of modernism. Computers would, it was argued, allow the design capabilities and expertise of professionals to be transferred to the popular masses ( Turner, 2006 ). In the mid 1970s, the architect Nicholas Negroponte 11 sought to eliminate professional privilege by facilitating public

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The nineteenth century and the rise of mass participation
Torbjørn L. Knutsen

Western outlook could be successfully extracted from the Enlightenment package of liberal modernism and then turned against it. In particular, industrialism, the strong state and a mass-mobilizing political programme could be adopted with minimum threat to local elites (Barraclough 1976 , pp. 153–99; Laue 1987 ). It is vital to bear in mind the indigenous roots of the nationalism which drove extra-European societies towards independence in the twentieth century. However, it is also important to recall that the first successful defences against the free

in A history of International Relations theory (third edition)
Marta Iñiguez de Heredia

concentration and later democratisation that ultimately reflects the unfolding of the modern European nation-state. The benefit of the Weberian tradition is to offer a relatively simple formula that allows us to sharpen the perspective about the continuities, changes, specificities and generalities of different states and different past and contemporary state-making processes. In this book, state-making (and peacebuilding/ statebuilding) is a process of asserting, consolidating and exercising rule through the management of violence and wealth that has both national and

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making
Abstract only
Andrew Williams

clear influence on Woodrow Wilson’s deliberations. Equally, we cannot entirely neglect the NWO thinking of the Nazis (Hitler’s Neueordnung) or that of Third World thinkers (in the New International Economic Order of the 1970s, for example). Thus the book aims to look at least at some of these tendencies in parallel with the NWO ideas of the ‘West’. Second, it might be argued, ‘where does that leave those who are MUP/Williams/Intro 4 23/10/98, 11:22 am 5 Introduction excluded?’ – many by geographical location, the sin of not being American or West European, or

in Failed imagination?
Richard Jackson

different kind of political community unconnected to the European history and culture that the Pilgrim Fathers escaped from – expresses the collective belief that Americans are a special people (see Hughes 2003). Officials have tapped into this national myth by suggesting that the suffering caused by the attacks is unique and special; America is an exceptional kind of victim. One of the purposes of

in Writing the war on terrorism
Tim Aistrope

structure is perhaps unsurprising since the wider context for post-war liberalism was always communism and fascism, which had swept across Europe and East Asia. 70 Fear of populist ideologies that had uprooted societies abroad amplified the concern with populism on the fringe of American liberal democracy. This dimension is drawn to the fore when

in Conspiracy theory and American foreign policy
Abstract only
Claire Sutherland

erected between 1860 and 1910 (Murray 2008 , 12), which post-war reformers had been so keen to tear down (Ladd 1997 , 177). Other favoured periods were Prussia’s eighteenth-century Enlightenment and nineteenth-century neo-classicism, the latter epitomised by the architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel. The European, cosmopolitan aspects of the city’s architecture were also appreciated, whereas GDR modernism

in Soldered states
Gendered legacies and feminist futures in the Asia-Pacific
Katrina Lee-Koo

utility of a project which has not always respected diversity and the plurality of knowledge. Critics suggest that ‘indelibly tainted by association with the meta-narratives of modernity,’ the historical experience of emancipation is one that ‘has become complicit in the suffering engendered by the practices and pathologies of modernism (broadly defined)’ ( Wyn Jones, 2005

in Critical Security in the Asia-Pacific
Abstract only
Tim Aistrope

Development Theory: The Contemporary Debate (London: Taylor & Francis, 2005); B. Hindess, ‘The Past is Another Culture’, International Political Sociology , 1:4 (2007), pp. 325–338; and T. A. McCarthy, ‘From Modernism to Messianism: Liberal Developmentalism and American Exceptionalism’, Constellations , 14:1 (2007), pp. 3

in Conspiracy theory and American foreign policy