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An epilogue

imaginary but palpable distended and aggrandizing West/Europe as modernity – for all those awaiting its second coming in prior places, anachronistic spaces, lagging in time. In artistic, intellectual, and aesthetic arenas, modernism(s) in South Asia have variously, often critically, engaged with these projections and presuppositions: but they have also been unable to easily escape

in Subjects of modernity
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Antinomies and enticements

that the developmental idea of a supersession of the past is crucial to modern imaginaries. This is true of academic assumption and everyday understanding, and also underlies the mutual articulations of modernity, modernization, and modernism. Such splitting of the past from the present is simultaneously temporal and spatial. Here the singular temporal trajectory and the exclusive spatial location of

in Subjects of modernity

3237TheStructureofModernculturaltheory.qxd:2522Ch1.qxd 6/8/08 10:38 Page 14 1 Culture – an antinomical view Culturalisms – Truth – Enlightenment and autonomy – Reason – Norms of modernism – Culture, creativity and reflexivity – Institutionalisation versus reflexivity – Simmel: an excursus – The antinomy of culture This chapter seeks to get clear of – if hardly to refute – various understandings of culture so as to make way for the conception of the scope of modern cultural theory which is to animate our treatment here. The first section – Culturalisms – is

in The structure of modern cultural theory

 8 1 3 Modernism and postmodernism O gentlemen, the time of life is short! … If life did ride upon a dial’s point, Still ending at the arrival of an hour. And if we live, we live to tread on kings. William Shakespeare, Henry IV, Part 1 5.2.82–​7. So we should not expect Foucault to give us a philosophical theory that deploys … notions. Still, philosophy is more than theories. ‘Foucault and Epistemology’ by Richard Rorty in David Couzens Hoy (ed.), Foucault: A Critical Reader1 Introduction Foucault: the catcher in the modern rye When discussing modernity, one

in Critical theory and epistemology
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An introduction

see, all of this shores up, as well, what the work might contribute to discussions of modernity after so much has been said and written about the subject. Primary matters It warrants emphasis that the conditions of possibility for this work lie in a series of critical questions concerning modernity, history, and the West/Europe, which have been raised by distinct perspectives

in Subjects of modernity

‘governmentality’. From pastoralism to bio-power, life has become amenable to management. Hence cue, now, aesthetics of existence and their (albeit sparse) latter-day progeny. For Foucault insists that the idea of an aesthetics of existence in the modern world – as it reappeared after antiquity in the European Renaissance – functions as a kind of implicit, if fragmented and periodic, affront to the pastoral power over life that had been developing in the Christian Middle Ages.46 Later, from the end of the eighteenth century, the notion of the ‘life of the artist’ took on a

in The structure of modern cultural theory
On social systems and societal constitutions

compelled, for the most part, to accept the separation of the ministry of the economy/​treasury from the de facto power of an independent central bank in their respective countries, not to mention the power of the European Central Bank within the eurozone. One obvious risk is the regression towards a personalised and discretionary exercise of power that is likely to ensue if newly articulated and durable compromises cannot be established across a range of national, systemic, and environmental boundaries. To some degree, this is certainly a question of fairer income

in Critical theory and sociological theory
Abstract only
Melancholic dispositions and conscious unhappiness

effects of environmental degradation and climate change’.2 This campaign is just the latest in a long line of moves by some of the largest political institutions and public bodies designed to promote a discourse of happiness. At the start of 2012, the Chairman of the European Council, Herman Van Rompuy, sent a letter to all world leaders. In the letter, Rompuy praises the powers of ‘positive thinking’, and writes of the efficacy of ‘positive education, positive parenting, positive journalism and positive politics’. Enclosed with the letter, as a gift to see in the New

in Critical theory and feeling
On mediated unity and overarching legal-political form

dynamics of institutional syntheses and mediation processes, the second examine the defining characteristics of the modern state, in contrast with its feudal predecessor in early modern Europe. Although these observations may seem like digressions, they illustrate the extent to which a great variety of arguments about political legitimacy stem from suppositions about the mediated unity of humanity and nature. These premises are frequently translated into assertions about the political unity of the governors and the governed achieved through parliamentary representation

in Critical theory and sociological theory
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The life and times of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

become almost mythological, and is well known even to less than avid readers of the European Canon. The story of the watch-maker’s son from Geneva who failed to return to his apprenticeship, when he found himself locked out of the city, and the tale of how he – a young man abandoned by his father5 – was taken in by Mme de Warrens, who converted him to Catholicism (and then seduced him!), is often retold. All this has become part of the tapestry of Western Kulturgeschichte. So too have the misdeeds of the famous and progressive educationalist who abandoned his own

in The political philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau