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E.A. Jones

to live as a hermit, he went on to found monasteries at Fonte Avellana and Camaldoli in which monks lived alone in separate cells, coming together only for recitation of the divine office. Camaldoli in due course became the mother house of the Camaldolese order. Later in the century, in France, the founders of the Cistercians likewise cast their reforms as a return to the values of the desert. These same impulses gave rise to the Carthusian and

in Hermits and anchorites in England, 1200–1550
E.A. Jones

]. Translated from the French in William Dugdale et al., Monasticon Anglicanum (6 vols in 8, London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme & Brown, 1817–30), Vol. 5, pp. 645–6, corrected against the manuscripts. 28 This indenture made at Whalley on the 16th of December in the 34th year of the third King Edward since the Conquest [1360] between Henry duke of Lancaster, earl of Derby, Lincoln and Leicester and Steward of

in Hermits and anchorites in England, 1200–1550
E.A. Jones

kind of assault on the reason, and by the urging of fear, as well as of love. … Therefore (if you are literate) you should gladly read holy literature, saints’ lives, the passions of the martyrs, devout meditations; and, from amongst all these, you should read particularly frequently whichever tends in your experience most to increase your devotion. By reading you will certainly see that, ever since the beginning

in Hermits and anchorites in England, 1200–1550
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C. E. Beneš

medieval period is usually divided up and studied today. Those who study theology, literature, and art tend to focus on the GL to the exclusion of the circumstances in which it was created: in this, Duffy is hardly unusual. 7 At the same time, historians have not generally connected medieval Genoa with great cultural achievements—unlike Florence or Venice, or even Genoa's arch-rival Pisa. For many years, especially

in Jacopo Da Varagine’s Chronicle of the city of Genoa
E.A. Jones

excuse for a life of idleness [ 63 ], or cover for something more sinister. In the late fourteenth century, Henry Hermyte of South Stoneham (Hants.) was ‘a common disturber of the peace, highwayman … and harbourer of felons’ (cf. [ 64 ]), though he did receive a royal pardon. 5 In 1517, Henry VIII was sent intelligence about a planned French offensive that had come from ‘a French spy, a man of low stature, with a red beard and a grey

in Hermits and anchorites in England, 1200–1550
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same time he provided townspeople themselves with the materials to imagine the greatness of their origins. William fitz-Stephen contributed to a proliferating literature of praise for the martyred Thomas Becket, killed in front of the high altar of Canterbury cathedral in 1170 by soldiers of the crown, a text which underlined Thomas’s London roots and celebrated the saint as a hero and protector of the metropolis

in Towns in medieval England

After he had returned from Italy, the emperor celebrated the holy festival of Easter in Paderborn 140 and after a short stay in Goslar he proceeded to the village of Ivois, situated on the frontier of the kingdom of the French and that of the Germans, in order to hold a conference there with the king of the French. 141 The latter rebuked him in an insolent and hostile manner, saying that he had very

in The Annals of Lampert of Hersfeld
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rid himself of an unwanted spouse. 2 He would not be the last; but his failure was unusually weighty in its consequences, for as a result, his kingdom died with him. Today there survives only a shadowy memory of a realm that once straddled the modern border between France and Germany: Lotharingia, the Middle Kingdom. 3 This was a

in The divorce of King Lothar and Queen Theutberga
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noblewoman Ælfgifu). 32 The success of his conquest meant that England now formed the centrepiece of an Anglo-Scandinavian empire encompassing Denmark, Norway, and parts of Sweden, and drawing tribute from portions of modern-day Poland, Ireland, France, Scotland, and Germany. Although Cnut based his throne in England, the military and diplomatic demands of an empire this size obliged him to spend much of his reign travelling

in The political writings of Archbishop Wulfstan of York
John H. Arnold and Peter Biller

bulls relating to the Albigensian crusade. 6 These texts are all well known from secondary literature, and full or partial translations can be found elsewhere. The papal texts we have chosen here provide some different and additional perspectives, and in particular cast light on geographical areas where other source materials are largely or wholly lacking. We have chosen material that tells us of activity against heresy in northern France (Doc. 20), with a particular focus on the Inquisitor Robert Lepetit (Docs 22, 23), which can

in Heresy and inquisition in France, 1200-1300