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Editor’s Introduction
Juliano Fiori

, provided particularly American inspiration for the post-war development of liberal global governance. 1 But the principles of great-power trusteeship and balancing, reflected in the Dumbarton Oaks proposals in 1944, were decisive in the creation of the United Nations. 2 Despite the early proliferation of liberal institutions under the aegis of the UN, Cold War prerogatives undermined cosmopolitan aspirations for world government. Cancelling each other out in the Security Council, the US and the Soviet Union prioritised bilateral negotiations. UN

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
David Rieff

declarations of NGOs imposed by the Sri Lankan government during and after its war against the Tamil Tigers. Medical NGOs will almost certainly have an easier time than, say, groups focusing on community development or psycho-social care, but taken in aggregate the humanitarian world will be less transformed by a post-North Atlantic world than the Northern human rights movement. 4 Humanitarian action has never been a zero-sum game, whereas that is precisely what human rights activism has to be to be morally coherent. So far, Western relief organisations have

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Emmanuelle Strub

History Security-risk management has long been a concern at Médecins du Monde (MdM), as it was for other humanitarian agencies operating at the height of the Cold War. However, it was in the 1990s that security had to address its own set of issues. The collapse of the Soviet bloc and the post-Cold War conflicts created safety issues for humanitarian agencies: a booming aid sector led to an increase in exposure, together with a trend for humanitarian organisations to shift from working

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
An Interview with Celso Amorim, Former Brazilian Foreign Minister
Juliano Fiori

?’ But regardless of hypocrisy and selectivity, there was a general acceptance that there existed this kind of order, in which the US broadly set the terms. At the ILO [International Labour Organisation], the US refused to sign many of the conventions, but it demanded that other countries sign. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, this order expanded. This was the world I encountered when I was appointed foreign minister for the first time, by [Brazilian President] Itamar Franco, just after the Gulf War. US hegemony was almost incontestable. The

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

power in the international system. In terms of alternative rules, the ‘sovereignty trumps rights’ discourse has never been absent. It has been very powerful in the case of the US itself – see US ambivalence about many human rights treaties and the ICC, for example. But between the end of the Soviet Union in 1991 and the intervention in Libya in 2011, the demands of both rights advocates and those arguing for humanitarian intervention made their biggest impact of the entire post-1945 era. Faced with atrocity, crisis, danger and threat

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

supposed decline in humanitarian norms is assumed to have resulted from the changing nature of contemporary conflicts, which are now intra-, rather than inter-, national. It is true that most post-Cold War conflicts have been internal, rather than between countries. Foreign states continue to be involved, however, and as current conflicts in the Near East and Africa remind us, the end of the Cold War did not mean the end of proxy wars. Yet the ‘proxies’ are no longer docile

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Abstract only
Kees van der Pijl

ultra-​nationalist legacy with which post-​1991 Ukrainian nation-​building became conflated, setting its face against its real diversity. The forces associated with this legacy would re-​emerge when they hijacked the Maidan protest movement and seized power in Kiev in February 2014. Until that time, political processes held Ukrainian nationalism and Russian-​Ukrainian federalism in balance. Second, we turn to the capitalist oligarchy that appropriated post-​ communist Ukraine’s wealth by privatising old Soviet centres of power. Under the patronage of President Leonid

in Flight MH17, Ukraine and the new Cold War
Edwin Bacon, Bettina Renz and Julian Cooper

(the judiciary, the media, political opposition, the international community, global communications, big business) which may work against such a process. There are key events too, most notably the parliamentary and presidential elections scheduled for 2007 and 2008 respectively, which will open up political debate and promote political intrigue, even if in a limited or controlled fashion. This opening chapter places developments in contemporary Russia within the empirical and analytical contexts of the post-Soviet period. There is an apparent duality about both of

in Securitising Russia
Abstract only
Carla Konta

‘No event could be more momentous for the attainment of our [US] foreign policy objectives than the permanent alienation from the Soviet Union of this key regime.’ 1 These words, spoken by American counsellor R. Borden Reams in Belgrade only a few days after the Tito–Stalin split of June 1948, seemed to capture perfectly the profound significance of that moment. The news about the expulsion of the Yugoslav Communist Party (YCP) from the Cominform erupted on the front pages of worldwide newspapers. Borba , Vjesnik , and Politika – as the main Yugoslav Party

in US public diplomacy in socialist Yugoslavia, 1950–70
Abstract only
A civilian airliner in the firing line
Kees van der Pijl

finance in contemporary capitalism. In fact, the post-​Soviet space became a testing ground for predatory finance and for the uncompromising authoritarianism that we also see emerging in the West. The financial crisis of 2008 coincided with the first test of strength with Russia, when the Bush Jr. administration encouraged Georgia to try and recapture its breakaway province of South Ossetia by force. The European Union was simultaneously trying to commit former Soviet republics to an Eastern Partnership and EU Association, a barely disguised extension of the Euro

in Flight MH17, Ukraine and the new Cold War