associated the title of the
song with Bush’s foreign policy, equating ‘Let the dogs out’ with ‘Let slip the dogs of
war’, in Marc Antony’s speech in Shakespeare’s ‘Julius Caesar’, www.phrases.org.uk/
bulletin_board/49/messages/1123.html, accessed 25/1/12.
39 For example, the debates as to whether ancient Egypt was Grecian, African or Arabic,
and today whether it is part of the Arabic or African world.
African Renaissance and the ‘rainbow nation’
cult it is to separate histories and mythologies from local contemporary
politics, as we see in the way the Timbuktu
some place far away
from London – in New Zealand or Australia, in South Africa or Canada or
Both readers and writers of the popular romance were necessarily
implicated in the transition from empire to Commonwealth in the aftermath
of the second world war; many lived and worked in what had become
the former British colonies and the Commonwealth countries represented
a significant market for romance fiction. These novels were read by
thousands throughout Britain and across the world, and can be understood
as a constituent element in a postwar colonial
, head of the Schools
Broadcasting Unit in Nigeria, says in a report on broadcasting
developments during this period:
In 1949 the desire to take speedy counter measures against
Communism provided a powerful, immediate inducement
to enhance UK funds specifically for broadcasting developments. In the background was the rising tide of new forces
in Africa – the new ‘Africanism’ described by Lord Hailey
in his revised African Survey of 1956; but perhaps more
realistically labelled ‘African Nationalism’ by Thomas
Hodgkin whose ear was sympathetically tuned to the
Spaces and Difference in La Graine et le Mulet (2007):
A Dialogue with Carrie Tarr,’ in W. Higbee and S. Leahy (eds), Studies in
French Cinema – UK Perspectives 1985–2010, Bristol, UK/Chicago: Intellect,
Higbee, W. (2013). Post-Beur Cinema: North-African Émigré and MaghrebiFrench Filmmaking in France Since 2000, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University
76 Reimagining North African immigration
Lowry, S. (2001). ‘ “La Faute à Voltaire”: Entretien avec Abdellatif Kechiche,’
Les Inrockuptibles, February 13. Web. June 3, 2016.
Mandelbaum, J. (2001). ‘Un héros
’s France, divided by racism, and increasingly paranoid about the presence of the large North African population in its major cities, Genet’s late theatre has lost none of its profound political and aesthetic significance. Indeed, if anything, its power seems to have intensified, a fact which is borne out by the recent interest in staging his work in Paris since the attacks on New York and Washington on 11 September 2001, and the subsequent invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq by US and UK troops. 1 Two decades after his death, Genet remains the poet of the dispossessed
Manchester and the devolution of British literary culture
Corinne Fowler and Lynne Pearce
/ Theory / Politics, 58, 62–80.
Sissay, L. (2000a) ‘Island Mentality’ in Rebel without Applause.
Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Bloodaxe, 35.
Sissay, L. (2000b) ‘Mill Town and Africa’ in Rebel without Applause.
Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Bloodaxe, 45.
Sissay, L. (2002c) ‘Rage’ in Rebel without Applause. Newcastle-uponTyne: Bloodaxe, 62.
Sissay, L. (2007) ‘The Gilt of Cain’: www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/NR
3970 Postcolonial Manchester:Layout 1
Smith, Z. (2000) White Teeth. Harmondsworth
those surrounding the federal elections of 1964, in
which regional political rivalries reached an even greater heat
and intensity. According to the historian Max Siollun, ‘[m]any of
the politicians were little more than ethnic champions uninterested in a national outlook. The campaign was conducted not
on platforms of policy or ideology, but on the basis of personal
abuse and vitriolic ethnic chauvinism.’7 Siollun quotes classified diplomatic correspondence from the US State Department,
describing a political situation in which Nigeria’s Eastern Region
discusses the worsening situation in Zimbabwe under Robert Mugabe’s policy of land reapportionment, was published in 2003 in The New York Review of Books . 18 Her Nobel acceptance speech, ‘A Hunger for Books’, contrasts the experiences of writing and reading in the UK and Zimbabwe. 19
As the child of white settler parents in a British colony who herself relocated from Southern Africa to England, but never quite knew where to think of as ‘home’, Lessing’s personal history provides a very particular, if by no means unique, context and writing
, thirty thousand people were extracted and
rehoused’ (Haslam, 2000: xxi).
3 During the 1950s significant numbers of African-Caribbean families
migrated to the UK, including Manchester (Panayi, 1999: 14) as a consequence of British recruitment campaign to fill vacancies in key sectors (e.g.
London Transport). The ship that first brought these families was the
Empire Windrush (in 1948) and the story of this period in Britain’s colonial
history has been widely researched and reported on in recent times. See for
example the materials written in support of the BBC ‘Windrush
Representations of the immigrant in the contemporary Irish short story
is a fundamental equivalence between esteem
of the Other as oneself and the esteem of oneself as an Other. Injustice and
dissymmetry occur when there is a refusal to accept the cycles of giving and
receiving he sees as vital for cementing the relations between the ego and the
Political and sociological analyses of the impact of successive waves of immigration into Ireland from Africa, Asia, and the European accession states from
the late 1990s onwards have pointed to the contradictions they have opened
up within the reigning value