Search results

You are looking at 1 - 2 of 2 items for :

  • UK Africa policy x
  • Manchester Medieval Studies x
Clear All
Abstract only
Immigrant England

the introduction in England, as in other parts of Europe, of exclusionary policies designed severely to limit racial and religious diversity. 7 Edward I’s decision to expel all Jews from England in 1290, and the official upholding of this ordinance until the seventeenth century, meant that England was marked by deep cultural and institutional discrimination against racial minorities. Muslims from southern Europe, North Africa and the Middle East – usually referred to as ‘Saracens’ in medieval Christendom – were not subject to an official ban, but the presumption

in Immigrant England, 1300–1550

coined the term ‘double consciousness’ to describe how an individual might feel that their identity was composed of several parts. He used it to speak of the experience of African Americans, living in a white culture but always feeling alien, as Du Bois put it, ‘always looking at one’s self through the eyes of others’.11 What Du Bois described as the ‘two-​ness’ of this experience speaks eloquently to the doubleness of medieval culture identified by Freedman and Spiegel, but his phrasing draws attention to the construction of subjectivity that I  will argue is often

in Visions and ruins