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A genealogical study of terrorism and counter-terrorism discourses
Chin-Kuei Tsui

counter-terrorism initiatives are indispensable. These include military-oriented counter-terrorism initiatives in the Middle East and North Africa region, the wider utilisation of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), public surveillance targeting certain minority groups (such as Muslim youths) and policies based on the UK’s CONTEST with the possibility of eroding human rights, individual liberty and freedom of speech and expression. Conclusion This chapter provides a genealogical and discursive analysis of the current radicalisation and (violent) extremism discourse. It

in Encountering extremism
Extremism and the ‘politics of mutual envy’ in Nigeria?
Akinyemi Oyawale

), especially from a very Westerncentric perspective. An entangled reading of the evolution of the concept within both contexts may help to shed light on how postcolonial mimicry has plagued African states in their security practice, and how a more critical engagement with Western concepts can serve to advance knowledge ( Barnard-Wills and Moore, 2010 ). Mayors’ attempts to Prevent (UK), Forestall (Nigeria) and possibly ‘reverse’ radicalisation Two main policies exemplify attempts by the British and Nigerian governments to combat terrorism through improvised untraditional

in Encountering extremism
Mariela Breen-Smyth

are laden with latent racism ( Goldberg, 2009 ; Kapoor, 2013 ). Security and citizenship Counter-terrorism policies impact differentially the security and citizenship of the population. First, ‘security’ is implicitly presumed to be that of the dominant (white) population, so insecurities experienced by suspect communities are only a concern insofar as they might drive ‘radicalisation’. Jarvis and Lister (2013) found that white participants in the UK viewed anti-terrorism measures as distanced from their everyday lives, whereas participants from ethnic

in Encountering extremism
Abstract only
Securing us?
Lee Jarvis and Tim Legrand

Commonwealth countries. Indeed, as we argue in Chapter 2 , the United Nations appears to have held up the UK’s membership offences as a best-practice model of anti-terrorism law-making in the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks. It is unsurprising, therefore – to take one example – that a 2001 amendment to Pakistan’s Anti-Terrorism Act 1997 saw a direct emulation of the UK’s proscription provisions set out in the TA 2000. This is a language, moreover, that has been mirrored in English-speaking countries across parts of Asia and Africa, and yet the logics that inspired the UK

in Banning them, securing us?
Alistair J.K. Shepherd

Introduction The EU’s enlargement from fifteen to twenty-five members brings both risks and opportunities for the EU’s most challenging policy initiative, the ESDP. It crystallises the fundamental questions at its heart. What policy priorities and common interests shape ESDP? What capabilities does ESDP possess and what does it still need? What sort of leadership will be

in The security dimensions of EU enlargement
A tough but necessary measure?
Lee Jarvis and Tim Legrand

in the UK during the war (see Van der Bijl 2017 , 29–30). The KCA had been formed to organise resistance to land appropriations by settlers, and was proscribed by colonial authorities in 1940 (Grob-Fitzgibbon 2015 , 194). Kenyatta, who would go on to become Kenya’s first post-independence leader, took over the leadership of the Kenya Africa Union (KAU) in 1947. The group’s agitation against the precepts of colonial rule earned Kenyatta and the KAU’s senior officials close attention from colonial authorities. Violent resistance against British rule broke out in

in Banning them, securing us?
Imogen Richards

philosophy, central monetary authorities’ manipulation of the money supply and interest rates in neoliberal countries has been accompanied by the implementation of reduced tax rates for businesses ( Martinez and Garcia 1998 , 2; Peck 2010 , 98). Since the initial introduction of neoliberal policies by the UK Thatcher and US Reagan Governments between 1979 and 1981, which followed the post-1973 ‘neoliberal experiment’ in Chile under the US-backed Augusto Pinochet government (Drake and Frank 2004), Friedman’s trickle-down monetarist economic logic has justified the broad

in Neoliberalism and neo-jihadism
A local critique of international donors' discourses
Guendalina Simoncini

:// (accessed 14 February 2020). United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime , 2018 . Counter-Terrorism Module 2 Key Issues: Preventing & Countering Violent Extremism . Available at Available at (accessed 14 February 2020). Wallace , T. , 1997 . ‘New development agendas: Changes in UK NGO policies and procedures’, Review of African Political Economy , 24 , 35–55 . Wallace , T. , Bornstein , L. and Chapman , J. , 2007 . The Aid Chain: Coercion and Commitment in

in Encountering extremism
Historical, geographical and political dynamics
Lee Jarvis and Tim Legrand

Prevention Act 1996, while the UK government hurriedly put in place the Criminal Justice (Terrorism and Conspiracy) Act 1998 after an August 1998 bombing in Omagh that killed twenty-nine people. The post-9/11 landscape of proscription The attacks on 11 September 2001 were a pivotal moment in global counter-terrorism policy generally and proscription specifically. Within weeks of the attacks, the United Nations produced a resolution calling for a global legislative offensive against terrorism, prompting urgent legislative drafting throughout 2002. The European Union

in Banning them, securing us?
Roderick Pace

Illegal immigration Another major security challenge is that posed by illegal immigration. The phenomenon comprises different categories of people requiring responses that straddle traditional security policy divisions. It involves economic refugees and genuine political refugees fleeing instability, mostly from sub-Saharan Africa. Europol claims that organised crime

in The security dimensions of EU enlargement