boundary (Howard, 2007). Protracted efforts were made
by both the Irish and UK governments to fortify and demarcate the physical
divide. The government in the Republic further disengaged from Northern
Ireland in order to protect its people from what was perceived to be its destabilising relationship with the North (see Howard, 2007) and the British army
constructed a series of checkpoints and watchtowers across the length and
breadth of the border, making once easy passage fraught with difficulty.
The possibility of fostering cross-border economic cooperation stood very
the webs of
power that constitute contemporary restructuring. The much-prized labour
mobility and flexibility of the insider ‘portfolio people’ is reproduced through
the practices of outsider ‘precarious people’ (Cox, 1999: 87) – a reserve army
of contingent workers in factories, offices and homes. The ‘outsiders’ cannot
be defined in terms of a single class, and indeed the overwhelming trend is
towards a fracturing of common working identities, a ‘patchwork quilt
characterised by diversity, unclarity and insecurity in people’s work and life’
(Beck, 2000b: 1). In
Gladwin and Christine Cusick
Figure 1 Map of the Burren by Robinson (cropped left corner overview).
make certain claims on culture and history. Robinson diverges from this ideological approach of practising cartography as a way to claim territory and establish
ownership. In My Time in Space, he clearly articulates the dangers associated with
map-making in Ireland:
I am acutely aware of the fact that cartography has historically been associated
with conquest, colonization, control. The Ordnance Survey was a function of the
army. Therefore I have taken care that the
nonetheless signifies a crucial step towards such biopolitics.
Finally, Minard, who is renowned as a pioneer in the representation of numerical data through visualisation, and who is generally recognised as having developed the symbolisation of flows independently of Harness, produced a famed
map charting Napoleon’s disastrous march to Moscow in 1812 (see Figure 8.3).
The failure of this endeavour marked the beginning of the decline of French
hegemony in Europe. The map measured the diminution of the French army
in terms of geographic location, as well as