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A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez and Sylvain Landry B. Faye

community actors, classic figures of humanitarian work or development ( Olivier de Sardan, 2005 ): chiefs, women, elders and youths seen as legitimate actors, able to both represent and influence the ‘community’ – that is, to be intermediaries of community engagement between the intervention and local populations. This article shows how both the legitimacy of these actors embodying the response and eventually the intervention itself was contested and negotiated through localised encounters. 1

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector
Kevin O’Sullivan and Réiseal Ní Chéilleachair

information received, but neither the identity nor the affiliation of the speaker(s), nor that of any other participant, may be revealed’ ( Chatham House , n.d.). This is particularly important in encouraging participants to share sensitive information without fear of it being broadcast, with implications for security and policy. Related to this, we would stress the need to take full account of the ethical implications of the reflective process. Several participants at our

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

disconnections. The overlap here with neoliberalism’s necessarily ignorant subject is returned to below. Importantly, the pure factuality of a post-humanist existence casts doubts on the distinction between a lived reality and a wider world, a distinction that is central to knowledge and the narrative of history. Without this separation there is no space, as it were, for a political commons of contrasting life-chances, contestation and critique that is essential if we are to successfully share the world with Others. In its absence, as Bruno Latour

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Challenges and opportunities

This book explores the evolving African security paradigm in light of the multitude of diverse threats facing the continent and the international community today and in the decades ahead. It challenges current thinking and traditional security constructs as woefully inadequate to meet the real security concerns and needs of African governments in a globalized world. The continent has becoming increasingly integrated into an international security architecture, whereby Africans are just as vulnerable to threats emanating from outside the continent as they are from home-grown ones. Thus, Africa and what happens there, matters more than ever. Through an in-depth examination and analysis of the continent’s most pressing traditional and non-traditional security challenges—from failing states and identity and resource conflict to terrorism, health, and the environment—it provides a solid intellectual foundation, as well as practical examples of the complexities of the modern African security environment. Not only does it assess current progress at the local, regional, and international level in meeting these challenges, it also explores new strategies and tools for more effectively engaging Africans and the global community through the human security approach.

Nora Siklodi

2 Nora Siklodi Defining contemporary European identity/ies European identity is, perhaps, the most studied and, at the same time, most contested aspect of contemporary European integration, politics and policymaking. A range of approaches and (as a result) contradictory conclusions have been reached about its actual meaning and significance (for a comprehensive overview see Kaina and Karolewski, 2013). Some investigate European identity from a bottom-up perspective, exploring citizens’ sense of civic, political (European Union) and cultural (continental or

in The European Union and its eastern neighbourhood
the case of the Balkans
Monika Eriksen

Croats under one national identity – was to be the fulfilment of a ‘century-old dream’ (Bellamy, 2003: 67). Bellamy writes that Croatians’ identity under Tudjman was characterised by an attempt to unify the nation by situating them alongside an ‘other’, the Serbs, by contesting cultural, historical and geographical differences between these two nations, while noting Croatian superiority on all counts (Bellamy 2003: 68). His ideology and subsequent political direction even further solidified the belief that Croats do not belong in the same category as other (lesser

in The European Union and its eastern neighbourhood
Cerwyn Moore

centuries which would have an impact on Kosovar secessionist claims in 1999. The most notable were those claims made about Serbian and Albanian national identity, although others including Macedonian and Croatian identity claims would also play an important role in the region, when turning to the conflicts in Bosnia and Kosovo respectively. Meanwhile the decline of empires, particularly the Ottoman Empire, and the rise of a post-Second World War model of Yugoslavia created another politicised layer, which added to the contestation of identity claims. The contested nature

in Contemporary violence
Raymond Hinnebusch

forge a common national identity among their populations. Where the drive to bring state and nation into correspondence is obstructed, irredentist conflicts tend to destabilise regimes and foster inter-state conflict. Nowhere is the divergence of identity and state sharper than in the Middle East. There popular identification with many individual states has been contested by strong sub- and supra-state identities, diluting and limiting the mass loyalty to the state typical where it corresponds to a recognised nation (Ayoob 1995: 47–70; Hudson 1977: 33

in The international politics of the Middle East
Raymond Hinnebusch

identity and sovereignty, nation and state, inflicted on the region, a conundrum better addressed by constructivism . 3 Its insistence that systemic structures are not just material configurations of power and wealth and include the cultural norms that derive from identity , helps to understand how the region’s powerful supra-state identities lead to a unique contestation of the state sovereignty which underlays the stability of other regional states systems. Secondly, this study will argue that the state and sub-state levels are at least as

in The international politics of the Middle East
Abstract only
Beyond globalization
Sagarika Dutt

led to the growth of national consciousness. As Bose and Jalal assert, ‘anticolonialism can be seen now to have been a much more variegated phenomenon than simply the articulate dissent of educated urban groups imbued with western concepts of liberalism and nationalism’ (Bose and Jalal, 1998: 107). Nevertheless, underlying the nationalist movement was an Indian identity that had taken shape faced with colonial rule and exploitation. It formed the basis of a national identity. The British Indian state introduced territorial borders that coincided with the boundaries

in India in a globalized world