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Security politics and identity policy

define and solidify Australian national identity have always been contested and unstable, how they have been linked with tangible conflicts over land, injustice and power, and how they have been closely intertwined with anxieties about (and discourses of) insecurity. It then goes on to challenge these approaches on two levels: normatively, it argues that such a politics forestalls

in Critical Security in the Asia-Pacific
The politics of Prevent

How can potential future terrorists be identified? Forming one of the four pillars of the United Kingdom’s counter-terrorism strategy CONTEST, Prevent seeks to answer, and act on, this question. Occupying a central role in security debates post-9/11, Prevent is concerned with understanding and tackling radicalisation. It carries the promise of early intervention into the lives of those who may be on a pathway to violence.

This book offers an innovative account of the Prevent policy, situating it as a novel form of power that has played a central role in the production and the policing of contemporary British identity. Drawing on interviews with those at the heart of Prevent’s development, the book provides readers with an in-depth history and conceptualisation of the policy. The book demonstrates that Prevent is an ambitious new way of thinking about violence that has led to the creation of a radical new role for the state: tackling vulnerability to radicalisation. Foregrounding the analytical relationship between security, identity and temporality in Prevent, this book situates the policy as central to contemporary identity politics in the UK. Detailing the history of the policy, and the concepts and practices that have been developed within Prevent, this book critically engages with the assumptions on which they are based and the forms of power they mobilise.

In providing a timely history and analysis of British counter-radicalisation policy, this book will be of interests to students and academics interested in contemporary security policy and domestic responses to the ‘War on Terror’.

The politics of coherence and effectiveness

This book represents the first ever comprehensive study of the EU’s foreign and security policy in Bosnia since the dissolution of the Yugoslav Federation in 1991. Drawing on historical institutionalism, it explains the EU’s contribution to post-conflict stabilisation and conflict resolution in Bosnia. The book demonstrates that institutions are a key variable in explaining levels of coherence and effectiveness of the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and that institutional legacies and unintended consequences have shaped CFSP impact over time. In doing so, it also sheds new light on the role that intergovernmental, bureaucratic and local political contestation have played in the formulation and implementation of a European foreign and security policy. The study concludes that the EU’s involvement in Bosnia has not only had a significant impact on this Balkan country in its path from stabilisation to integration, but has also transformed the EU, its foreign and security policy and shaped the development of the EU’s international identity along the way.

insists that the spaces of politics, who may contest them, and who may, and may not, speak and act within them, are necessarily contingent. The question of identity thus cannot be divorced from the constitution of a particular social order. Power does not represent relations between pre-existing identities, but rather is constitutive of the identities themselves (Mouffe, 2000 : 13–14; see also Campbell, 1998b ; Laclau and Mouffe, 2001 ). In terms of politics, it is clear through the functioning of Prevent that certain

in Counter-radicalisation policy and the securing of British identity
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in terms of a dispute over two contested national identities, unionism versus nationalism, and it is these two differing interpretations of ethnonational identity which lie at the heart of the present conflict. The results presented here show that the conflict is not totally bipolar. Among those who see themselves as British, a significant minority do not describe

in Conflict to peace
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intervene in order to manage this risk. Both order identities in the present as secure or risky on account of their coherency with a normalised British identity, and then demand the transformation of those deemed risky. While these performances of identity break no law, they nevertheless are positioned as demanding some form of securing, in order to govern and minimise the risk of radicalisation they are seen to contain. In identifying this power, the book has contested the reading of Prevent that is given by the policy

in Counter-radicalisation policy and the securing of British identity
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Moving beyond segregated localities

(Falah and Newman, 1995 ). The landscape itself becomes conducive to sustaining these practices. However, places, like identity, are ‘always unfixed, contested and multiple’ (Massey, 2005 : 5). Interface areas are volatile, complex and often unpredictable. While at times young people engage in subtle tactics at an everyday micro level to sustain differences, their micro-geographies also reveal ongoing

in Teens and territory in ‘post-conflict’ Belfast
Vulnerability, extremism and

, ‘Britishness’ and ‘British values’. The next two chapters, in articulating the assemblage of counter-radicalisation that implements Prevent, will show how this takes concrete effect, targeting specific behaviours, identities and communities. Here, though, the intention is to show the problematic of vulnerability to radicalisation renders an uncertain future as knowable. Vulnerability, it will be shown, is positioned within the policy, as those subjects and spaces that are deemed disassociated from ‘Britishness’ and ‘British

in Counter-radicalisation policy and the securing of British identity

represents an ambition that has asked novel questions of the capabilities and role of the state. Yet these questions have proved controversial, and both the purpose and delivery of the policy have been contested within government. Central to these political debates has been the extent to which questions of identity matter for a counter-radicalisation strategy. The purpose of Prevent is to intervene into processes of radicalisation, but does this entail the state should only intervene when people are actively becoming radicalised

in Counter-radicalisation policy and the securing of British identity

This chapter will outline the academic literature that has developed around the Prevent policy. The chapter argues that, for the most part, the literature has, historically, failed to go beyond the political debates and policy narratives articulated in the previous chapter . The first section will demonstrate that the literature has often presented the ‘solution’ to Prevent to be one of separating its identity and security strands. It is a literature that therefore, like the policy’s internal debates, positions the

in Counter-radicalisation policy and the securing of British identity