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British and German trade unions at Ford and General Motors 1967–2000

Paradoxes of Internationalization deals with British and German trade union responses to the internationalization of corporate structures and strategies at Ford and General Motors between the late 1960s and the early twenty-first century. Based on research in more than a dozen archives in Britain, Germany and the United States, the book is unique in its attempt to bridge historical and contemporary approaches to the study of trade union politics in multinational firms. Conceptually, Paradoxes of Internationalization draws not only on the mainstream industrial relations literature but also on scholarship in comparative and international political economy, transnational history and nationalism studies.

The book points to the paradoxical effects of internationalization processes. First, it demonstrates how internationalization reinforced trade unions’ national identities and allegiances. Second, the book highlights that internationalization made domestic trade union practices more similar in some respects, while it simultaneously contributed to the re-creation of diversity between and within the two countries. Third, the book shows that investment competition was paradoxically the most important precondition for the emergence of cross-border cooperation initiatives although the interest-driven nature of these initiatives also limited their scope.

Place, space and discourse
Editors: Christine Agius and Dean Keep

Identity is often regarded as something that is possessed by individuals, states, and other agents. In this edited collection, identity is explored across a range of approaches and under-explored case studies with a view to making visible its fractured, contingent, and dynamic features. The book brings together themes of belonging and exclusion, identity formation and fragmentation. It also examines how identity functions in discourse, and the effects it produces, both materially and in ideational terms. Taking in case studies from Asia-Pacific, Europe, the Middle East and Latin America, the various chapters interrogate identity through formal governing mechanisms, popular culture and place. These studies demonstrate the complex and fluid nature of identity and identity practices, as well as implications for theorising identity.

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marketplace and provided wider access to more consumers and easier access to foreign capital. Ireland seized the opportunity to market itself as an attractive place in which to do business. It was no longer willing to define itself in opposition to its British counterparts or by reference to its rural identity. It wanted more. Ireland embraced free market capitalism and assumed a corporate ethos: lowering corporate tax, championing facilitative light-touch regulation and embracing materialism. The dominant culture became one of entrepreneurship rather than agrarianism, as

in Corporate and white-collar crime in Ireland
Power, accountability and democracy

Does European integration contribute to, or even accelerate, the erosion of intra-party democracy? This book is about improving our understanding of political parties as democratic organisations in the context of multi-level governance. It analyses the impact of European Union (EU) membership on power dynamics, focusing on the British Labour Party, the French Socialist Party (PS), and the German Social Democratic Party (SPD). The purpose of this book is to investigate who within the three parties determines EU policies and selects EU specialists, such as the candidates for European parliamentary elections and EU spokespersons.

The book utilises a principal-agent framework to investigate the delegation of power inside the three parties across multiple levels and faces. It draws on over 65 original interviews with EU experts from the three national parties and the Party of European Socialists (PES) and an e-mail questionnaire. This book reveals that European policy has largely remained in the hands of the party leadership. Its findings suggest that the party grassroots are interested in EU affairs, but that interest rarely translates into influence, as information asymmetry between the grassroots and the party leadership makes it very difficult for local activists to scrutinise elected politicians and to come up with their own policy proposals. As regards the selection of EU specialists, such as candidates for the European parliamentary elections, this book highlights that the parties’ processes are highly political, often informal, and in some cases, undemocratic.

Making and disrupting identity

). Knowing ‘who we are’ is a foundational claim about identity, which Jenkins defines as the ‘human capacity – rooted in language – to know “who’s who”’. This basic form of categorisation contributes to social reality; furthermore, our own self-perceptions are ‘intimately related to who we think others are, and vice versa’ (Jenkins 2008, 5 and 12, italics in original). Efforts to analyse identity involve categorisation, such as identifying personal, societal, corporate and collective levels. These divisions are predicated on national, cultural, religious, economic and

in The politics of identity
Causal factors stimulating change

entrepreneurial spirit that made it seize these opportunities. It lowered its rate of corporate tax and introduced a light-touch regulatory regime. It emphasised the advantages of its common law system, its educated workforce, its geographical location and the technological infrastructures available to businesses. Irish society was no longer content to define itself in terms of an anti-materialist rural identity, or in opposition to the British. Society realised that it needed a new identity because the old one could neither be sustained From apathy to activism 99 nor

in Corporate and white-collar crime in Ireland

7 ‘Responsive’ enforcement Introduction Ireland traditionally had a culture of corporate non-compliance with the law and corporate regulations were rarely enforced. Though corporate wrongdoing was addressed by the State’s most powerful weapon of moral censure, the criminal law, and by the same agencies which addressed serious crimes, the Gardaí and the DPP, prosecutions were rare and there is no record of anyone receiving a custodial sentence for breaching the Companies Acts prior to the 1990s. The traditional system did not cope effectively with the detection

in Corporate and white-collar crime in Ireland
Open Access (free)

accept the essential shallowness of nationhood; once you understand that a national identity can be designed in a cynical, professional and calculated way as a life assurance company’s corporate personality, you will see why, though our nationhood has fewer certainties, it has fewer shackles too. 1 Some analysts see ‘nations’ as modern ideas, largely

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Open Access (free)

6 The plumage of Britannia The variety of British identity In 1951 the poet Laurie Lee wrote a commentary for the Lion and the Unicorn Pavilion at the Festival of Britain. The intimation of the pavilion's presentation was of a homogeneous British character, but Lee's Britain was diverse not monolithic, characterised by its variety rather than by some pervasive essence, and he observed that ‘the British do not simply leave the development of language to the professionals of literature’, and that the ‘Cockney has added a

in Cultivating political and public identity

neutralize such images. Indeed, as the Opel case demonstrates, they ‘encouraged’ national identity projections even where corporate internationalization dynamics were weak. One aspect of this was that British delegates often voiced quite radical criticism of the German works council system, which even to the new generation of Opel union activists seemed to neglect the benefits of council rights for worker representation. 84 In their turn, Opel delegates displayed a

in Paradoxes of internationalization