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more importantly the disorientation, one encounters these days in the publications of groups like Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International is an emblem of this. 4 This does not mean that coping with these changes will be easy or morally clear-cut for humanitarians. It is hardly surprising that when its medical facilities and hospitals in Syria were targeted and in many cases destroyed by Russian and Syrian government bombardment, MSF was at a loss as to how to respond, despite its brilliance in publicity. 5 An exception to this general

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Towards a critical turn?

) once claimed, ‘we are travelling without maps’. Indeed, for Simon Dalby, the intellectual disorientation in North America about the future order is compellingly illustrated in various striking claims from ‘clash of civilizations’ by Samuel Huntington to ‘a new geopolitical game in the global chessboard’ by Zbigniew Brzezinski, ‘the coming anarchy

in Critical Security in the Asia-Pacific

responsible for the strike, and that it was chemical in nature. Witness accounts clearly demonstrated that victims had experienced a range of symptoms associated with chemical warfare, including ‘shortness of breath, disorientation, rhinorrhea (runny nose), eye irritation, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, general weakness, and eventually loss of consciousness’ (UN, 2013c : 6). In

in Syria and the chemical weapons taboo

evidence put forward below specifically relates to one of these two groups, this will be stated. The layout of the ‘Special Interrogation Centre’ can be seen in the plan reproduced in Figure 3.1 . All bar one of the initial group of detainees were taken to Ballykelly by helicopter. The flight was always made longer than necessary to disorientate its passengers. 42 By 7.15am on 11 August all of the twelve detainees who would be held

in Interrogation, intelligence and security
Banning the ‘five techniques’

use. While it was therefore claimed that security was the main reason for hooding, the disorientating effect was a result to be exploited and was enhanced by the restriction on any staff other than interrogators and medical personnel from speaking to the detainees. 89 Security was also noted to be an advantage of using white noise. The noise prevents the detainees from knowing where they are by

in Interrogation, intelligence and security

exploit the shock of capture and disorientation felt by the suspect in order to gain intelligence that will lead to subsequent operations.’ 146 It is therefore distinguished from the Interrogations carried out at the TIF on the basis of what kind of intelligence was sought. Given that many of the ‘five techniques’ were used with the intention of preparing the detainees for Tactical Questioning it is

in Interrogation, intelligence and security
Abstract only

their Allied support during the eleven-month Soviet blockade in 1948–49. Even the entrepreneurship of capitalists and industrialists fuelling the West German Wirtschaftswunder (economic miracle) was respected, in spite of their frequently unsavoury wartime activities (Swaffar 2001 , 136). A new literary hero also emerged to embody this disorientation, a ‘rebel without a cause’ whose principal aim was to break free not only

in Soldered states
Abstract only

underlines how deeply the GDR regime, modelled on the Soviet system, had affected Biermann’s ability to relate to his fellow Germans across the border and live a normal life there. It also gives a sense of the disorientation felt in 1989 by East Germans, who even struggled with everyday tasks like grocery shopping due to the glut of unfamiliar products which suddenly became available (Confino & Fritzsche 2002 ). Despite failing in

in Soldered states