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’s perception of security reflected the views of whoever was head of mission at the time. The heads of mission in Yemen and Pakistan were very experienced but had different backgrounds and views. For the teams in Afghanistan – specialists in risk reduction for drug users, with no experience in a war context – the context was so complex that luck was the only thing that mattered when it came to security management. The MdM logo was the only reminder that the teams in the three missions worked for the same organisation. My first task in standardising practices and strengthening

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

one participant put it, ‘government drives the way security categorises people’ (Oxford, Asian, Female). The view that powers such as stop and search were targeted at ethnic minorities was not, of course, universally shared by all minority populations with whom we spoke. Some of our participants, including non-Muslim individuals from South Asian backgrounds, expressed

in Anti-terrorism, citizenship and security
Challenges and opportunities

This book explores the evolving African security paradigm in light of the multitude of diverse threats facing the continent and the international community today and in the decades ahead. It challenges current thinking and traditional security constructs as woefully inadequate to meet the real security concerns and needs of African governments in a globalized world. The continent has becoming increasingly integrated into an international security architecture, whereby Africans are just as vulnerable to threats emanating from outside the continent as they are from home-grown ones. Thus, Africa and what happens there, matters more than ever. Through an in-depth examination and analysis of the continent’s most pressing traditional and non-traditional security challenges—from failing states and identity and resource conflict to terrorism, health, and the environment—it provides a solid intellectual foundation, as well as practical examples of the complexities of the modern African security environment. Not only does it assess current progress at the local, regional, and international level in meeting these challenges, it also explores new strategies and tools for more effectively engaging Africans and the global community through the human security approach.

2504Chap3 7/4/03 3:53 pm Page 48 3 Ethnic conflict and Eurasian security Stuart Kaufman What role does ethnic conflict play in Eurasian security affairs? Just breaking this question down into its component parts uncovers a vast array of apparent influences. Ethnic conflict is, first of all, clearly a cause of internal conflict and insecurity, as demonstrated by the problems in Bosnia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Cyprus, Georgia, Chechnya and Mountainous Karabagh. Furthermore, it is a key cause of international security problems, as the above list of ethnic civil

in Limiting institutions?
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‘nationstate’ was certainly a misnomer. Today, the presence of ethnic minorities in both states and the existence of an international diaspora indicate that an ethnic Vietnamese or German nation is not coterminous with state borders. Government definitions of the national community may be more or less exclusive, thereby affecting the status of ethnic minorities living on state territory, citizenship and immigration regimes, and also

in Soldered states
Andrew Williams

, even a form of short hand, that sums up the dilemmas of both nations (and nation states) in a global political system and political economy that have themselves been in constant evolution. It is a concept that has had to be re-thought several times this century, most acutely during and just after the First and Second World Wars, during the period of decolonisation, and in the turmoil that has followed 1991 and the collapse of a number of multi-ethnic states in Europe, Africa and Asia. It has always been seen as a problematic concept, even on occasion for those who

in Failed imagination?

: 466). Resistance in this context is targeted towards the conditions of living that result from these historical and present issues, and is a continuation of the long-term aspirations of Congolese subordinate classes. Whereas the next chapters focus on the different resistance strategies, this chapter provides the basis for understanding the context of peacebuilding in the DRC. First, it will analyse the major accounts of the DRC conflict as they have affected peacebuilding policy. Second, it will provide a general background of the Congo wars since 1996 to observe

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making

to Christianity and from persecuting Christians to being one of them, while travelling on the road to Damascus.6 Despite its Christian connotations, this term fits the collective narrative of ‘seeing the light’ at different levels and stages of Israeli political awareness, examples of which I cite throughout this chapter. This collective narrative provides a crucial background for tracing the development of the Israeli-Jewish narration of the Palestinian Nakba. I begin this chapter by attempting to fathom the preoccupation of Israeli scholars with Palestine and the

in Co-memory and melancholia
The honour of public service

2 Thomas P. ‘Tip’ O’Neill Jr.: the honour of public service Rosemary D. O’Neill A ‘New Deal’ Democrat Thomas P. ‘Tip’ O’Neill Jr. was Speaker of the Massachusetts General Court (1949–1952) and Speaker of the US House of Representatives (1977–1986). A quintessential urban ethnic politician who rose to national prominence, he was often called ‘the last of the New Deal liberals’. From the era of political party dominance to the period of media domination of public life, Tip O’Neill was a shrewd practitioner of the political arts. Background Like so many Americans

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century
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control – such as how to alter the country’s ethnic composition – are as old as the idea of establishing a Jewish state in Palestine itself. These became particularly pressing during the British Mandate over Palestine. The Zionist movement had to come up with a solution to what it called the ‘Arab problem’ – the fact that the country was overwhelmingly populated by native Arabs. Transfer of Palestinians as a strategy to transform the composition of the country’s population loomed large in discussions among Zionist leaders since the early 1920s. The predicament of the

in Thorough surveillance