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Lindsey Dodd

, ‘Résumé des nouvelles’, 16 January 1943. 51 BBC WAC, French Scripts, ‘Dépêche du soir’, 10 March 1942. 52 AMBB, 22J.1:  ‘Les Usines Renault travaillaient pour l’Allemagne. Les Usines Renault ont été frappées’, 1942. 53 BBC WAC, E1/706:  Resistance facsimile of La Nouvelliste, ‘no 305, 31 Dec 1943’. 54 TNA, FO 371/31999:  Text circulated by Bruce Lockhart (Political War Executive), 17 March 1942. 55 BBC WAC, French Scripts, ‘Courrier de France’, 6 March 1942. 56 BBC WAC, E1/706:  Resistance facsimile of La Nouvelliste, ‘no 305, 31 Dec. 1943’. 57 BBC WAC, French

in French children under the Allied bombs, 1940–45
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Marco Barducci

State of the Republic was appointed by the Rump on 17 February, and was expected to sit for one year. Many of the state councillors were affiliated with the political group of the Independents. 39 Whereas Parliament had a tight control over its executive, most political initiatives came from the Council of State. The leaders of both governmental bodies of the Republic shared a political line which aimed to defend the new

in Order and conflict
Rebecca Gill

distant suffering and efforts at its amelioration had implications both for the domestic aspirations of British agitators and for those for whom urgent relief and intervention was advocated (though not necessarily in ways anticipated by British sympathisers). This chapter focuses on how the politics of humanity and relief reverberated in ‘progressive’ circles in Britain, including

in Calculating compassion
Jean-Hervé Bradol and Marc Le Pape

transferred 3 – providing preventive and curative care to 104,000 people and training local staff. Political and humanitarian activities were intertwined in these camps. The Rwandese Refugee Welfare Foundation (RRWF) was created in 1979 and the following year became a political movement called the Rwandese Alliance for National Unity (RANU). From 1981 to 1986, some of the young Tutsis belonging to RANU

in Humanitarian aid, genocide and mass killings
British relief to the Balkans, 1876–78
Rebecca Gill

sprang up to provide medical aid to Ottoman or Russian troops. The NAS, after initial hesitation, launched its own mission to the Balkans following the Serbian declaration of war against the Ottoman Empire in 1876, and again during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78. In Britain this surge of relief would occasion considerable political interest, and controversy, but it would be too

in Calculating compassion
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Calculating compassion in war
Rebecca Gill

and freedom (though this did not preclude their endeavours from serving military imperatives, however unintentional). The emergence of organised relief work intersected with attempts at the rationalisation of philanthropy and social investigation at home, with anxieties over military capacity and with the rise of a crusading ‘new’ journalism. It also contributed to wide-ranging political

in Calculating compassion
Rebecca Gill

came in the preamble to the first Hague Convention of 1899. Its author, the Russian jurist Fedor Fedorovitch Martens, sought to assert the principle of restraint in war. He had, however, to confront the fact that a precise agreement of terms was politically unobtainable. His compromise, the ‘Martens’ Declaration’ remained a general statement of principle

in Calculating compassion
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Jean-Hervé Bradol and Marc Le Pape

principles of the Arusha Accords (August 1993), was announced on 19 July. Political parties and personalities who had supported the interim government responsible for exterminating Tutsis were, however, excluded from the government. RPF officials were appointed to positions previously reserved for President Habyarimana’s party, the MRND. Pastor Bizimungu of the RPF became President

in Humanitarian aid, genocide and mass killings
British relief in the Franco-Prussian War, 1870–71
Rebecca Gill

their abundance, but of their necessities. 12 The first act of the Executive Committee, on which sat, among others, the Earl of Shaftesbury, Baron de Rothschild and Sir Harry Verney (brother-in-law of Florence Nightingale), was to establish two working committees. An all-male Working Committee would be put in

in Calculating compassion
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Michael D. Leigh

League for Democracy (NLD) won a resounding victory. 5 SLORC refused to hand over power until it had assembled a National Convention to draw up a new constitution. Twenty years were to elapse before a convention (of sorts) was to meet. During that time the tatmadaw (Burmese armed forces) became ever more powerful, SLORC rebranded itself as State Peace and Development Council (SPDC), Burma changed its name to Myanmar and close ties were cultivated with China. 6 Political dissidence was suppressed, political

in Conflict, politics and proselytism