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Claire Beaudevin, Jean-Paul Gaudillière, Christoph Gradmann, Anne M. Lovell, and Laurent Pordié

, one may recall the classic 2006 paper by Brown, Cueto and Fee from their project on the history of the World Health Organization (WHO) (Brown et al., 2006 ). In their paper global health is – to a large extent – a political phenomenon placed in the context of geopolitics, development strategies and rivalry between international organizations. Focusing on the WHO and the United Nations (UN) system of intergovernmental democracy, they point to the intimate relationship that international public health maintained with the Cold War. Other authors like Birn ( 2009

in Global health and the new world order
Jean-Paul Gaudillière, Christoph Gradmann, and Andrew McDowell

context (something one might expect, given the intense negotiations and political activities involved in the design of national programmes) but also, and more importantly, the consequences of decisions and improvisations bound to local time and place. As a result, DOTS is not always, nor necessarily, DOTS. DOTS as practice may be juxtaposed with non-standard treatment considered as an appropriate response to patients’ needs rather than as bad practice (McDowell in Mumbai, India); it may be closely associated with and depending on non-standard interventions, beginning

in Global health and the new world order
Coreen Anne McGuire

normal lung function for miners, my second group, highlights the extent to which abnormal lung function was attributed to the essential nature of the miner’s body, and underlines the impact of politics on the classification of respiratory disability. As the definitive essay ‘Throwing Like a Girl’ by I. M. Young, which has inspired one of the section headings for this chapter, argued, there are ‘certain observable and rather ordinary ways in which women in our society typically comport themselves and move differently from the ways that men do’. 7 That such ways of

in Measuring difference, numbering normal
Nitsan Chorev

some empathy, that the timing made things worse, as the Organization was overstretched by concurrent health care crises, including the MERS virus in Saudi Arabia, a new avian influenza A strain in China and polio in war-torn Syria (Sack et al., 2014 ). Another often-cited speculation, which rightly considers the political and not only the bureaucratic dimensions of the Organization, was that the WHO was hesitant in its response to Ebola because when swine flu broke out in 2009 and Director-General Chan declared it a pandemic she was criticized for overreacting and

in Global health and the new world order
Michael Robinson

Finance, to transfer the British Ministry of Pensions to a newly established Irish Ministry of Pensions solely under the remit and function of the newly established Free State Government. Proposing that the new department could administer all pensions issues in the Free State, including disabled IRA veteran pensions, old age pensions and job-related pensions, Fallon held that any such transferral would have immense political value. In particular, Fallon suggested that it would enable the new government to distance itself entirely from any notions that it held British ex

in Shell-shocked British Army veterans in Ireland, 1918–39
Space, identity and power

This volume aims to disclose the political, social and cultural factors that influenced the sanitary measures against epidemics developed in the Mediterranean during the long nineteenth century. The contributions to the book provide new interdisciplinary insights to the booming field of ‘quarantine studies’ through a systematic use of the analytic categories of space, identity and power. The ultimate goal is to show the multidimensional nature of quarantine, the intimate links that sanitary administrations and institutions had with the territorial organization of states, international trade, the construction of national, colonial, religious and professional identities or the configuration of political regimes. The circum-Mediterranean geographical spread of the case studies contained in this volume illuminates the similarities and differences around and across this sea, on the southern and northern shores, in Arabic, Spanish, Portuguese, Greek, Italian, English and French-speaking domains. At the same time, it is highly interested in engaging in the global English-speaking community, offering a wide range of terms, sources, bibliography, interpretative tools and views produced and elaborated in various Mediterranean countries. The historical approach will be useful to recognize the secular tensions that still lie behind present-day issues such as the return of epidemics or the global flows of migrants and refugees.

Ida Milne

-​conscription movement, an increasingly popular broad  205 I nfluenza as a political   tool 205 alignment of nationalists from many organisations. Edward Shortt became chief secretary and Sir John French became lord lieutenant. The new executive rounded up prominent anti-​conscription campaigners under alleged suspicion of collusion with Germany: it was perhaps no coincidence that DORR 14B permitted the detention of individuals with ‘hostile origin or association’.23 Initially, sixty-​nine people were arrested on the night of 17 May 1918, and more were arrested in the following

in Stacking the coffins
Vanessa Heggie

equipment, physiological adaptations in the body, and so on. Yet in the 1970s and 1980s the focus (at least in terms of finance and political support) seemed to be shifting away from the elite performer, and back towards community sport, physical education, and the general body of the public. This was probably the first time that the government in Britain had taken such a close interest in the physical activity of its electorate in peace time, or at least without direct connections to the fitness of a population upon which military strength depended. It is not the

in A history of British sports medicine
Lea M. Williams

learn to speak effectively before the city council or state legislature, club members saw their mission–as discussed after the Executive Committee rejected La Motte’s suggestion to include in their program of speakers an expert on “Hook Worm disease”–as being to promote “topics of more vital interest to the social workers of Baltimore.” 23 Though enfranchising women would have lent tremendous political clout to the aims of the Social Services Club, the membership was not willing to engage in the controversies around the issue

in Ellen N. La Motte
Martin D. Moore

guidelines on diabetes management, worked on NHS Executive projects, and operated on many of the guideline committees formed and funded by the Department of Health. 104 Influential figures were also connected through training and research with other major figures in the field, such as Harry Keen, John Nabbarro, or Robert Tattersall. 105 Specific proposals and documents, in other words, emerged out of both broader political contexts and well-defined intellectual and policy communities. Moving between different levels of the health services, and

in Managing diabetes, managing medicine