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tower-house-type structures. As has been discussed, sometimes confusing terminology is employed to skirt categorisation issues. This pattern of enthusiastic building also transcends space – differences in urban and rural architecture have been repeatedly discussed in a late medieval English context (for example, see the brief summary in Grenville ( 2008 )) – but tower houses are common to both environments in Ireland. There must have been something universal in their appeal and functionality. Even if most boroughs remained rural in essence

in The Irish tower house
A reassessment

by treatment. This differentiation into logical component parts is also evident in cases 188–207, 831–3 and 857–62 of the Ebers Papyrus and is a characteristic again obvious in the trauma cases listed in the Edwin Smith Papyrus. In the remainder of the sections of the Ebers, the indication is that the diagnosis has already been made and the text is merely a remedy to eliminate a named disease. This obvious split between two styles of presenting cases reinforces the notion that the Ebers is a collection of medical texts from different sources that have been combined

in Mummies, magic and medicine in ancient Egypt
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Artefacts and disciplinary formation

3 Culture: artefacts and disciplinary formation The Manchester Museum was founded as an institution devoted to natural history, but did not remain so for long. Even by the time it was fully opened in 1890, some man-made things were on display beside the natural specimens. The proliferation of these kinds of objects during its early decades was not planned by Museum staff, but rather expanded thanks to influential donors. Here I trace the differentiation of an intellectually and architecturally distinct portion of the collection devoted to Egyptology

in Nature and culture
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Experiments in fracture patterns of ritual figurines

’s (2009) work on the female figurines from the Mut precinct is one of the most balanced discussions in terms of Egyptian artefacts and formed an important foundation for this study. However, few experiments have been performed to determine whether or not intentionality can leave visible traces. One of the goals of our project at Swansea was to see whether or not fractures caused by unintentional breakage could be differentiated from objects intentionally broken. Funding was received to pilot a project to perform more systematic tests with the aid of the Materials

in Mummies, magic and medicine in ancient Egypt
Abstract only

outline, but it has complex consequences. A-series time differentiates between events based on whether they are past, present or future events. B-series time orders events as being either before or after one another. The distinction between A and B series time is explained by Gell (1992, 154–155) in the following terms. The existence of an object in B-series time can be envisaged as a ‘linear streak’ in space-time. Space-time itself is stable and always present, but we encounter events in a particular order as we move through it, giving the ‘before’ and ‘after

in Neolithic cave burials
Foreign relations and internal reforms

of old titles communicated the ideological message that the new administration was the heir to the ordered world of the past, particularly relevant if this restoration followed recent periods of political turmoil and division.141 Although on occasions there appeared to egypt, a new beginning be no functional weight to these titles, they may well have been modelled on much older sources. Sais and the buildings of the early Saite Period Sais, the present name of which is Sa el-Hagar, is located on the eastern bank of the Rosetta branch of the Nile river in the

in Egypt of the Saite pharaohs, 664–525 BC