Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 78 items for :

  • functional differentiation x
Clear All
Abstract only
The cosmological frame in anthropology

to a whole. The holistic principle of structural integration, in other words, went hand in hand with a notion of functional differentiation. The third consequence of the reflexive ethnocentrism of classical takes on indigenous cosmology has to do with the hierarchical way in which it ordered different perspectives on the world, and particularly the ­superiority it accorded to the cosmological project of the anthropologists at the expense of those of the people they study. For, if what holds the basic image together is the idea of a single and uniform world that

in Framing cosmologies
Abstract only
The anthropology of worlds

This book reflects the full diversity of the spirit of cosmological experimentation as an analytical impulse on the part of the anthropologist and as an ethnographic observation about the people anthropologists study. The first part of the book addresses the ways in which fresh anthropological interest in cosmology problematises traditional conceptions of holism understood as a 'totalising' discourse. The second part shows that cosmology can be seen as a functionally differentiated and distinct part of the total social order to be studied alongside other parts, including kinship, economy or politics. It shines light on the varied imbrications of cosmological concerns with political and economic practices in particular. The third part focuses on the ways in which social phenomena that a classically inclined anthropology would designate as 'modern' areas cosmologically embedded (indeed saturated) as any 'pre-modern' society ever was. It shows how the cosmological constitution of political economies is particularly bound up with the breakdown of classical dichotomies between modern science and pre-modern cosmologies. The book also reveals the abiding role that different technological forms play in sustaining cosmological concerns at the heart of contemporary life in the West. It broaches the strong affinity between cinema and cosmology in an analysis of two films concerned with the origin of humanity.

Abstract only

as the product of a single firm or manufacturer’ (Merriam-Webster, no date). Historically, the term brand has been traced to the Old Norse word brandr, which means ‘to burn’. Producers would literally burn their mark into their merchandise to differentiate it from similar commodities marketed by other producers (Marketing Magazine, 2006). Thousands of years ago, ancient craftsmen in societies in the Far East and Middle East not only marked their products, but also used other markers on signs and, when it became available, early forms of paper such as papyrus, to

in Kids and branding in a digital world

the utility functions of different consumers does not imply complete convergence of their preferences and wants. One of the most common trends observed in consumption is the growing differentiation, or even individualisation, of consumers’ choices as their income grows. Thus we have to acknowledge that as new objects of consumption are created there are forces leading both to the convergence and to the divergence of individual ranking orders. The previous considerations imply that the creation of a radical innovation cannot be stimulated by existing demand. If

in Innovation by demand
Memory and security without visibility

security exists to efface mortality, contra other arguments made about the functionality of anticipatory practices. But can you successfully memorialise an event that was invisible? Can you use a visible, physical design to efface a bombsite that is unseen? These may seem like abstract questions; however, these are issues that directly affect the commemoration of the London bombings

in Death and security

transformation, and the generation of qualitative differentiation of outputs. In this perspective, of course it might be that in some economies, or indeed for certain outputs, multiple agents might aim to produce qualitative similarity and homogeneity, permitting like-for-like comparison between outputs, and, in a competitive market economy, assuming success, competition would lead to success for the firm delivering the lowest price for the same product. But let us assume the opposite is the case, and that firms compete to achieve market positions of qualitative distinction

in Inequality and Democratic Egalitarianism
Open Access (free)
A cognitive perspective

knowledge diffusion and creation. We opposed the two paradigms as alternative ways of differentiating food networks, providing ‘functional’ versus ‘identity’ food, but emphasised that the globalisation of agrofood networks was combining governance institutions related to those two paradigms. My intention here is to relate these cognitive frameworks to the discussion of the economic approach of quality. References Akerlof, A. G. (1970), ‘The market for lemons: quality uncertainty and the market mechanism’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 84, pp. 488–500. Allaire, G. (1995

in Qualities of food

comment on corporatism and neo-­corporatism as more widely understood. Bipartism in Ireland in a neo-­corporatist perspective The broad theoretical context for Ireland’s first attempt at centralised bargaining in the 1970-­81 period is post-­war corporatism. Social corporatism or neo-­ corporatism was defined by Schmitter as: a system of interest representation in which the constituent units are organized into a limited number of singular, compulsory, non-­competitive, hierarchically ordered and functionally differentiated categories, recognized or licensed (if not

in Asymmetric engagement
Staging spectacles in changing cities

modernity’ (Roche 2000, ch. 5) I suggested that a mega-event’s main site should be seen as analogous both to a theatre and also to a touristic theme park, albeit a temporary version of each. The ‘theme park’ analogy is particularly relevant for the main site of a World Expo, which, in the largest category of Expo, typically contains many differently designed pavilions representing the participating nations. And it is relevant also for understanding the main site of an Olympic Games, with its large-scale Olympic stadium and the various functional buildings and venues, such

in Mega-events and social change
Abstract only

wider set of data, for instance regarding the causes of economic crisis, and the overall trajectory of the modern liberal and capitalist economy. Here the means of generalisation is largely by articulating smaller causal narratives with larger ones. The material in this study is being made sense of by a judicious balance of these two rather separate ways of understanding. This distinction echoes many classic distinctions between functional and historical, or synchronic and diachronic modes of analysis. I have come to the practical view that this is necessary for the

in Salvage ethnography in the financial sector