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Colonial transformations and a governmental event

differentiated colonialisms within a diffuse but cohesive empire, and also to disaggregate each nation or colony by remaining alert to the distinct spaces that comprised the larger polity or territory. Just as Lagos was distinct from Bornu, the Ormiston River was not Melbourne. The production and expropriation of value, after all, was historically contingent and thus necessarily differed markedly across space and time. This book traces this heterogeneity through a study of indirect rule, placing a differentiated empire within a unified field of analysis. It

in Governing natives

circles since they were first proposed in the early years of Commonwealth control. McEwen's Aboriginal New Deal presented a resolution to this debate by framing reserves as instigating a process of assimilation and consequently distant erasure, representing a necessarily stable basis for a project of change and development whose end would be a settled north. And the policy relied upon this process as a functional one; articulating reserves outward allowed them to produce workers for the pastoral industries that would ultimately, in the narrative set out in the policy

in Governing natives
Transforming indirect rule

indicated primitivity. Such societies represented, in this colonising fantasy, earlier phases of human progress: in Africa, ‘[e]very phase of human evolution may be studied as a living force’. He differentiated between ‘races of Asiatic origin’ or Hamites, their ‘negroid descendants’, who comprised a range of different races depending on the nature and extent of ‘admixture’, and ‘the negro tribes’. Those Britons at the apex of humanity with their racial ‘genius … to colonise, to trade, and to govern’, found that discovering this open field of human evolution imposed upon

in Governing natives
Conflict and crisis, 1918–45

, as both white labour and white capital felt themselves unable to gain a permanent foothold in the Territory. But it was also a crisis of a colonial formation that relied on the continued exploitation of ‘native labour’. Jeff Collman has argued that prior to the Second World War ‘Aborigines and white settlers managed to sustain linked but functionally autonomous domestic economies … . The conflict between their modes of production and their wider social interests was not yet manifest.’ 7 This chapter argues instead that by the 1930s a sense of conflict and crisis

in Governing natives
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and imperialism. The intent, then , was to use historical stories to produce loyal and obedient citizens, proud of their nation and its history, keen to contribute to its continued wellbeing and actively aware of the requirements and rewards of citizenship. In her Millennium Lecture, Linda Colley differentiated between citizenship (‘which is political and functional’) and identity (‘which is more

in Citizenship, Nation, Empire
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–invader relations. 17 In elaborating the interactions between colonial practitioners and sentient creatures, Venomous encounters suggests that animals themselves structured scientific inquiry and its application to emergent debates in functional anatomy, germ theory, experimental physiology and immunology. In particular, it disrupts the smooth teleological narrative of biomedical modernity: that vivisection

in Venomous encounters
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Folk therapeutics and ‘English’ medicine in Rajasthan

sometimes attributed to heating doses of English medicine that were taken months or years previously. The clear implication behind such views, while rarely explicitly asserted, is that English medicine, though functionally effective, is essentially maladaptive to the environmental conditions of local life. A student who helped me as an interpreter on visits to the shop of an indigenous pharmacist

in Western medicine as contested knowledge
From the Howardian model to garden housing estates

Prost, pioneers in rational urbanism, recommended its use. Forestier and Prost proposed functional and morphologically welldesigned zoning plans, all the while bearing in mind the important role of sanitary considerations in the planning of the future city alongside the quality of the urban landscape – that is, public health considerations went side by side with

in Garden cities and colonial planning
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Satadru Sen

and identity in colonial India and imperial Britain in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It is not a biography of Ranjitsinhji. Several functional biographies already exist. The most significant is Roland Wild’s authorized biography, published soon after Ranjitsinhji’s death. 1 Like much of the early writing on Ranjitsinhji, Wild’s book is frankly hagiographie. As an authorized narrative, it approaches autobiography, and is thus marked by the unreliability as well as the privileged content that

in Migrant races
Dakar between garden city and cité-jardin

developments by the interwar period, the cité-jardin reference was in use to legitimate functional zoning within French town planning. That is, it enabled the justification of housing segregation for the purpose of hygienic and social improvement. 20 Under colonial circumstances, the cultural paternalism of the home country turned to racial paternalism. Spatial class

in Garden cities and colonial planning