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Corpse, bodypolitics and contestation in contemporary Guatemala

as ‘crimes of passion’ but rather as carefully planned, staged and executed in struggles over territorial control. As in regular war, violence against women serves a highly symbolic purpose in the war on drug trafficking: it creates cohesion within armed groups, reaffirms masculinity and is a form of attacking ‘the enemy’s morale’ (Toledo 2011). The BBC documentary Killer’s Paradise, based on several of the cases mentioned above, was broadcast worldwide in May 2006.16 What shocked the world most was the matter-of-fact and trophy-like explanations given by the young

in Governing the dead
Contested narratives of the independence struggle in postconfl ict Timor-Leste

, H., 2010, ‘Histories of Violence, States of Denial: Militias, Martial Arts and Masculinities in Timor-Leste’, unpublished PhD thesis, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban. Myrttinen, H., 2011a, ‘Nach dem bewaffneten Kampf: die Veteranen, Clandestinos und der Ruf nach Anerkennung’, in H. Myrttinen, M. Schlicher and M. Tschanz (eds), ‘Die Freiheit, für die wir kämpfen …’: Osttimor nach der Unabhängigkeit, pp. 155–68 (Berlin: Regiospectra Verlag). Myrttinen, H., 2011b, ‘Demanding Their Dues: Masculinities, Discontent and Violence in Post-Independence Timor

in Governing the dead

’ is a common trope in the Latvian language. It usually expresses an appreciation of one’s masculinity. In Latvian folksongs, men are compared to oak trees while women are ‘slender like linden trees’. Yet, this trope has deeper nationalist connotations as well. The oak tree is a symbol invoking images of the self-sufficient Latvian peasant, living in his own farmstead with an oak growing in the front yard. This peasant’s resilience was placed at the heart of the national development strategy, as discussed in Chapter 1. In Soviet Latvia, a group of writers and artists

in Politics of waiting