to the Irish housing bubble.
From the early 1990s, Ireland experienced a significant transformation of
its demographic profile, coupling natural population growth with a reversal
in migration trends. In 2004, the population exceeded four million for the
first time since 1871 (Kitchin and Bartley, 2007: 1) and between 1991 and
2006, it increased by over 20 per cent from 3.53 million to 4.24 million (CSO,
2006). This population growth occurred in parallel with increased household
fragmentation. The resultant need for new housing was shaped
Young people in migrant worker families in Ireland
enhancing migration research by incorporating migrants’ experiences, feelings and narratives into our understandings of what it means to migrate. This
chapter brings these two bodies of research together by focusing on the experiences of children and young people in migrant worker families in Europe, i.e.
children and young people who have migrated to Ireland because one or both
of their parents have migrated for employment. These children’s and young
people’s experiences often are overlooked because of the narrow definitions
related to child migration and the assumption
European economies, Krings, Bobek, Moriarty et
al. (2009) suggest that continued participation in the Irish labour market reflects the comparably worse situation in the home countries. However, it is
important to recognise that the decision to migrate is not exclusively an economic one. East–West migration may be informed by participation in social
networks and may thus be made in a collectivist context, especially that of a
family (Oyserman, Coon and Kemmelmeier, 2002). It may also be informed by
exposure to social, ethnic and gender conflicts (Godzimirski, 2005).
between everyday life and
global exchanges through the contexts of the ‘stuff ’ and banalities of contemporary everyday encounters: food, housing, leisure, migration, music, shopping,
travel and work. These are the multiple layers of space we now inhabit. In all
of these areas, the unstable socio-spatial relations forged in this epoch that
framed the rise and fall of the Celtic Tiger have produced more complex relations between the individual, space and society (Sonnabend, 2003). These
realities have arisen because of globalisation, because of information technology
100 years of Ireland in National Geographic magazine
Patrick J. Duffy
Berlin–Boston axis, though more like Boston than
Berlin as it transformed into a cultural and political colony of the USA (Kirby,
Gibbons and Cronin, 2002). The birth of Riverdance in 1994, commemorating Irish-American migration links, might be viewed as a curtain-raiser to the
annihilation of traditional Ireland that was ushered in with the Celtic Tiger.
There was an escalation in anxiety about loss of cultural identity and of what
made us uniquely Irish that was regularly aired by the chattering media elites.
The property boom resulted in rapid suburbanisation of a
Postcolonialism and ecology in the work of Tim Robinson
forced migration, suffering, and human
Essayist of place: postcolonialism and ecology
While Harris’s immediate context is the protracted, and variegated, experiences
of slavery, plantations and indentured migration in the Caribbean, the authors
seek to progress from Harris’s local vision to a working methodology for the
discourse of postcolonial ecocriticism. Given that our discussion strives to situate
Robinson’s oeuvre within this latter discourse, DeLoughrey and Handley’s critical
manifesto offers relevant, and enabling, arguments on just how Robinson
Communities and collaboration along the Irish border
Caroline Creamer and Brendan O’Keeffe
and failed to stem economic decline and out-migration. They
also demonstrate the precariousness of formal partnerships in the current
funding structures. The case of Kiltyclogher-Garrison-Rossinver is representative of the many cross-border initiatives that have been led by civil society.
Recognising that by working together they could achieve far more for their
respective communities than they could by working alone, the KiltyCashel
Project was established in 2001. The project has engaged in a range of socioeconomic revitalisation programmes including the provision
The Complete Poems of Patrick Kavanagh (New York: Peter Kavanagh Hand Press,
75 Robert Lloyd Praeger, The Way That I Went (Dublin: Allen Figgis, 1969), 20.
76 Robinson, A Twisty Journey, x, and Listening, 21.
77 Rebecca Solnit, A Book of Migrations: Some Passages in Ireland (London: Verso,
78 Rebecca Solnit, Wanderlust: A History of Walking (London: Verso, 2002), 9.
79 Robinson, Gaelic Kingdom, 297, 311, 294.
80 Robinson, Listening, 190
81 Robinson, Pilgrimage, 12.