Ideas, knowledge and policy change

Labour migration has become one of the hot topics in Europe, especially since 2000 with the shift from restriction to managed migration. This book provides an account of policy change over labour migration in Europe during this new era of governance. It has implications for debates about the contemporary governance of labour migration in Europe, and questions about the impact of an emergent EU migration regime in the context of a globalising labour market. The key findings offer a deeper understanding of the linkages between those engaged in policymaking and the kinds of communities that produce usable knowledge.

In the global race for skilled immigrants, governments compete for workers. In pursuing such individuals, governments may incidentally discriminate on gender grounds. Existing gendered differences in the global labour market related to life course trajectories, pay gaps and occupational specialisation are refracted in skilled immigration selection policies. This book analyses the gendered terrain of skilled immigration policies across 12 countries and 37 skilled immigration visas. It argues that while skilled immigration policies are often gendered, this outcome is not inevitable and that governments possess scope in policy design. Further, the book explains the reasons why governments adopt more or less gender aware skilled immigration policies, drawing attention to the engagement of feminist groups and ethnocultural organisations in the policy process. In doing so, it utilises evidence from 128 elite interviews undertaken with representatives of these organisations, as well as government officials, parliamentarians, trade unions and business associations in Australia and Canada over the period 1988 through to 2013. Presenting the first book-length account of the global race for talent from a gender perspective, Gender, migration and the global race for talent will be read by graduate students, researchers, policy-makers and practitioners in the fields of immigration studies, political science, public policy, sociology, gender studies and Australian and Canadian studies.

Odeas, knowledge and policy change

7 Managing migration in the UK and Spain: ideas, knowledge and policy change This book is, in part, a response to the demand that in order to understand contemporary European policy-making we should look at ‘ideas, knowledge and expertise, rather than pure interest’ (Richardson 2005: 6). By choosing to compare two of the EU’s major labour importers in the twenty-first century it tells us about the contemporary governance of migration in Europe, and seeks to overcome the methodological nationalism often associated with migration research (Wimmer and Schiller

in Managing labour migration in Europe

2 Labour migration policy theory – the state of the art Introduction What do we know about government policies in Europe over labour migration, and how can we understand the ways they have changed so dramatically in Europe since the late 1990s? This chapter interrogates the literature on policy theory and labour migration, building on various approaches and ideas to develop a novel way of looking at policymaking. The chapter has three main aims: first, to critically examine existing theories of migration policy-making and evaluate their accounts of the policy

in Managing labour migration in Europe

6 The EU and labour migration policy-making in the UK and Spain Introduction The key questions this chapter tackles are to what extent the EU impacts on debate over policy at the national level, how this impact is mediated by domestic structures and what kinds of effects it has. In order to answer these questions, the chapter first considers what might be meant by the Europeanisation of immigration policy. This is then followed by a brief analysis of the emerging EU migration regime before the impact of the EU on national policy-making in the UK and Spain is

in Managing labour migration in Europe
A Qualitative Panel Study and workplace studies

2 Researching migration: a Qualitative Panel Study and workplace studies In this chapter, we outline the research methodology of our study. The core of the research was a Qualitative Panel Study (QPS) with a group of twenty-two Polish migrants in Ireland. We first discuss the rationale for choosing a QPS to study Polish migrants in the Irish labour market. We argue that such a study represents an innovative methodological tool to examine the worklife pathways of migrants in a dynamic manner and to illuminate the new mobility patterns of East–West migration. We

in New mobilities in Europe
The limits of the EU’s external dimension of migration in Africa

13 The EU–Africa migration partnership: the limits of the EU’s external dimension of migration in Africa Tine Van Criekinge The intensification of migratory movement between Africa and Europe since the early 2000s has encouraged renewed political engagement from the EU towards the continent. This engagement has mainly taken the form of migration dialogue between the European Union (EU) and migrant-­sending countries in Africa, aiming to create channels for communication and cooperation between Europe and its southern neighbours. Dialogue with migration

in The European Union in Africa

9 All aboard the migration nation Gavan Titley Introduction Across the eras of boom and bust, public culture in Ireland has consistently had something of the airport bookshop about it. If it’s not quite true that there is no I in Ireland, highly publicised, motivational books and media events unflaggingly invited us Irish to recognise ourselves in the fairground mirror of popular typologies, and, once snugly interpellated, to be resilient, forward-looking and flourishing. In 2013, New Thinking = New Ireland1 set out to top up the national reserves of confidence

in Ireland under austerity
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Labour migration policy change in the UK

5 Case study two: labour migration policy change in the UK Introduction When in September 2000 Barbara Roche announced a fundamental change in British policy on labour migration, it was at a conference of the Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR) held at the British Bankers’ Association in London. The new direction announced by Roche was all about recognising the ‘potentially huge benefits’ of migration, and changing policies to adapt to the global economy by bringing in new ideas, including from other countries, and carrying out more research on

in Managing labour migration in Europe
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8 Conclusions Countries in Europe at the beginning of the twenty-first century, despite significant and growing levels of immigration, possessed rather undeveloped systems to deal with labour migration. A lack of capacity for good decision making on labour migration in Europe was something noted since the work of the Council of Europe in the mid-1990s (Salt 2001). This was combined with a distinct lack of political appetite to undertake reform until the economic arguments were overwhelming – that is, until the rise in immigration flows had occurred and there

in Managing labour migration in Europe