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The limits of the EU’s external dimension of migration in Africa

13 The EU–Africa migration partnership: the limits of the EU’s external dimension of migration in Africa Tine Van Criekinge The intensification of migratory movement between Africa and Europe since the early 2000s has encouraged renewed political engagement from the EU towards the continent. This engagement has mainly taken the form of migration dialogue between the European Union (EU) and migrant-­sending countries in Africa, aiming to create channels for communication and cooperation between Europe and its southern neighbours. Dialogue with migration

in The European Union in Africa
Incoherent policies, asymmetrical partnership, declining relevance?

This book explains how the relationship between the European Union (EU) and Africa has evolved in the first decade of the twenty-first century. For this, it treats the EU as a 'bilateral donor', focusing in particular on the new partnership agreement between the EU and the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) group of countries. It also treats the EU as a 'collective actor', paying special attention to the Joint Africa–EU Strategy (JAES) and a number of EU policies that affect African development beyond aid. The book first sketches the evolution of EU–Africa relations, between the adoption of the Cotonou Agreement in June 2000 and the third Africa–EU Summit held in Tripoli in November 2010. The evolution of EU-Africa relations should be set against two tracks. The first track concerns the programme managed by the European Commission. In this case, the most important change is certainly the adoption of the Cotonou Agreement, which marked a fundamental departure from the principles of the long-standing Lomé Convention. The second track concerns the attempt to create a continent-wide policy towards Africa, under the slogan 'one Europe, one Africa', which started with the first Africa–EU Summit held in Cairo in April 2000. The book also presents some contending explanations, drawing on studies of EU external relations as well as offering a perspective of Africa. It examines a number of policy areas, ranging from more established areas of cooperation to new areas of concern, such as migration, energy, climate change and social policies.

Imaginaries, power, connected worlds

dimensions of inter-​civilisational engagement:  migration, deep engagement in economic relations, cultural exchange and creation, and political reconstruction of civilisational models. The four dimensions are not exhaustively treated and are analytics for further substantive research, starting with the exploration in chapters in the subsequent part. This chapter features several examples that illustrate aspects of the argument. Most of them are remote from the twenty-​first century and are chosen to illuminate what has generally been neglected:  the very early development

in Debating civilisations
Globalisation, securitisation and control

4 Constructing the ‘migrant’ other: globalisation, securitisation and control Introduction This chapter explores the strand of the ‘fight against terrorism’ discourse that constructs the ‘openness’ of European Union (EU) society as an environment that terrorists seek to take advantage of, demonstrating how issues regarding migration and border control have come to occupy a key dimension of the EU counter-terrorism response. In the period before the events of 11 September 2001, migration was an important subject on the agenda of the EU in relation to the

in The European Union’s fight against terrorism
Open Access (free)
Ontologies of connection, reconstruction of memory

migration. Through voyaging and migration, islander societies expanded, creating and sustaining zones of engagement for millennia before Europeans came. Travel stimulated an imaginary of exchange, the second theme. Exchange cannot be understood with a utilitarian mindset; it is rather an expression of relationship, association and alliance –​engagement broadly speaking. The third theme is the new world context. European colonialism conjoined the Pacific to other civilisations in more extensive engagement. This was a violent and disordering historical experience for the

in Debating civilisations
The ‘drift’ phenomenon in the ‘free Tibet’ and global warming campaigns

that TAN ‘effectiveness’ can vary even within types of functional form. Because the circumstances of each campaign are different, this chapter also shows how the phenomenon of advocacy drift can present itself in two sub-​types, each caused in a different way by the political context in which the campaign operated. In the Tibetan case, the shift in moral principles resulted from repeated failure to achieve the desired results in the face of state intransigence on the Tibet question. Whereas in the global warming campaign, the migration of principles arose from the

in The advocacy trap
Place, space and discourse
Editors: Christine Agius and Dean Keep

Identity is often regarded as something that is possessed by individuals, states, and other agents. In this edited collection, identity is explored across a range of approaches and under-explored case studies with a view to making visible its fractured, contingent, and dynamic features. The book brings together themes of belonging and exclusion, identity formation and fragmentation. It also examines how identity functions in discourse, and the effects it produces, both materially and in ideational terms. Taking in case studies from Asia-Pacific, Europe, the Middle East and Latin America, the various chapters interrogate identity through formal governing mechanisms, popular culture and place. These studies demonstrate the complex and fluid nature of identity and identity practices, as well as implications for theorising identity.

Power, accountability and democracy

Does European integration contribute to, or even accelerate, the erosion of intra-party democracy? This book is about improving our understanding of political parties as democratic organisations in the context of multi-level governance. It analyses the impact of European Union (EU) membership on power dynamics, focusing on the British Labour Party, the French Socialist Party (PS), and the German Social Democratic Party (SPD). The purpose of this book is to investigate who within the three parties determines EU policies and selects EU specialists, such as the candidates for European parliamentary elections and EU spokespersons.

The book utilises a principal-agent framework to investigate the delegation of power inside the three parties across multiple levels and faces. It draws on over 65 original interviews with EU experts from the three national parties and the Party of European Socialists (PES) and an e-mail questionnaire. This book reveals that European policy has largely remained in the hands of the party leadership. Its findings suggest that the party grassroots are interested in EU affairs, but that interest rarely translates into influence, as information asymmetry between the grassroots and the party leadership makes it very difficult for local activists to scrutinise elected politicians and to come up with their own policy proposals. As regards the selection of EU specialists, such as candidates for the European parliamentary elections, this book highlights that the parties’ processes are highly political, often informal, and in some cases, undemocratic.

seeking to Australia, including by those who undertook hazardous voyages originating in Indonesia and Sri Lanka. The 2001 ‘Tampa affair’, in which the eponymous Norwegian vessel was refused entry to Australian waters after rescuing 438 mainly Afghani asylum seekers at sea, saw the issue of ‘border protection’ become prominent, notably in the context of that year’s (by then post-9/11) federal election. There followed the progressive refinement of the ‘Pacific Solution’ that excised many islands from Australia’s migration zone; detained those who had arrived ‘unauthorised

in Sport and diplomacy

Travellers, which deepened as Ireland developed, might be best explained in terms of the social and economic modernisation of Irish society.6 The very modernisation of belonging that threatened to displace Travellers and other Irish low on human capital is seen to have subsequently contributed to the acceptance of large-scale immigration. A 2006 National Economic and Social Council (NESC) report, Managing Migration: A Social and Economic Analysis, advocated large-scale and ongoing immigration as a means of sustaining economic growth.7 In 2007 the Office of the Minister of

in Immigration and social cohesion in the Republic of Ireland