politics of mourning – and, hence, international
One of the ‘places at risk’ owing to climate change
are the Pacific Atolls, where the radical transformations of climate
patterns have threatened the islands’ ‘unique biophysical systems
and species; … unique material cultures, social orders, diets,
stories, languages, habits, and skills’, causing migrations for the
opportunist always looking towards the future. Common experiences of civil religion, migration and belief in the Promised Land, which are further articulated through mass engagement with popular culture, compose its identity. It is important to analyse US state identity because how a state represents itself is key to producing images of state Self and Other that act to reinforce or reimagine frameworks of identity. Projections of US identity inform the foreign policy direction of the state. Before we can understand the role that recognition plays in the process
considerable attention in academic accounts of our globalizing age
as it is identified, paired or treated in conjunction with
communication, cosmopolitanism, crime, culture, democracy, the
economy, education, empire, the environment, global civil society,
global governance, health, human rights, integration, international
institutions, law, migration, non
those of us who live in working states, is a highly attenuated chequerboard construction of recent origin. Many states are already a patchwork of significantly different ethnic and cultural communities. With the pace of international migration, this phenomenon can only increase. The need for difficult negotiation between communities or across cultural difference within the state is already a reality. Nor, in practical, lived life, does community – as a sustained process of mutual responsibility and deliberation, to borrow loosely from the terms of Brown’s Hegelian
in the EU’s Common Security and Defense Policy. They found that Brussels-based diplomats in the Political and Security Committee play a prominent gatekeeping role in these networks. Wunderlich ( 2012 ) uses SNA to map the communication linkages in European external migration policy.
Other networks operate more like advocacy coalitions. Elgström ( 2016 ) finds that EU foreign policy is strongly influenced by policy networks of member-states who tend to share particular perspectives—they are “like-minded.” These networks tend to be open and
East Timorese” has not worked so far’ (Saldhana 1994: 370).
One consequence of the easing, in 1989, of travel restrictions between East Timor and the rest of Indonesia was the emergence of both planned and spontaneous transmigration. After 1989 Jakarta encouraged migration of mainly Muslim Indonesians into urban and rural East Timor as part of its endeavour to remould the territory politically and economically. This resulted in resentment and conflict, and reduced opportunities for both rural and urban Timorese. Land rendered idle by the
Klaus Brummer, Sebastian Harnisch, Kai Oppermann, and Diana Panke
change, migration, public health, or internet governance, that cut across policy domains and are still predominantly but not exclusively addressed by state foreign policy. Moreover, a growing number of traditional foreign policy concerns (and the quality thereof) have unintended consequences in adjacent policy areas (interdependence effects), requiring cross-realm solutions. For example, in the realm of internet governance the emergence of high-powered transnational search engine providers, such as Google, have raised a host of privacy concerns, most notably in Europe
American Political Science Review 93(2), 327–344.
Feely, T. Jens (2002) The Multiple Goals of Science and Technology Policy, in Frank R. Baumgartner and Bryan D. Jones (eds.) Policy Dynamics , Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 125–154.
Green-Pedersen, Christoffer and Sebastiaan Princen (2016) Punctuated Equilibrium Theory, in Nikolaos Zahariadis (ed.) Handbook of Public Policy Agenda Setting , Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 69–86.
Guiraudon, Virginie (2000) European Integration and Migration Policy: Vertical Policy-Making as Venue Shopping, Journal of
Alons, Gerry C. (2007) Predicting a State’s Foreign Policy: State Preferences between Domestic and International Constraints, Foreign Policy Analysis 3(3), 211–232.
Alscher, Stefan, Johannes Obergfell and Stefanie Ricarda Roos (2015) Migrationsprofil Westbalkan: Ursachen, Herausforderungen und Lösungsansätze , Working Paper 63, Nürnberg: Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge.
Basinger, Scott J. and Hallerberg, Mark (2004) Remodeling the Competition for Capital: How Domestic Politics Erases the Race to the Bottom
Portuguese” of the Chinese Athletic Club ’, in E. Morier-Genoud and M. Cahen (eds), Imperial Migrations: Colonial Communities and Diaspora in the Portuguese World ( Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan , 2012 ), pp. 239 – 62 .
16 The National Archives of the United Kingdom (TNA), FO 371/35736, Department of State to Foreign Office, 10 October 1943.
17 N. Wylie , Britain, Switzerland, and the Second World War ( Oxford : Oxford University Press , 2003 ), pp. 337 – 8 .
18 Portugal represented Brazilian interests in Japan and Japanese interests in Mexico