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Time and space

This chapter is cast as a personal narrative. It unravels how I arrived at inklings and understandings of space and time – alongside those of disciplines and subjects, modernity and identity – that were explored in the Introduction and which lie at the core of this book. At stake are intimations that are at once familiar and strange. For, born to anthropologist parents, I

in Subjects of modernity
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Identities and incitements

This chapter focuses on questions and contentions of identity and modernity, entailing stipulations of time and space. Instead of approaching identity as an already given entity that is principally antithetical to modernity, in speaking of identities my reference is to wide-ranging processes of formations of subjects, expressing not only particular personhoods but also collective

in Subjects of modernity
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Association and distinction in politics and religion

collective identity. 60 Whichever it is, the cultivation of the identity of the elite has as a necessary aspect a narrative about the identity of the mass of ordinary people. If the elite bans or persecutes the use of the language of a group or caste or community whom it wishes to assimilate under its control or influence, it uses language as a missionary tool. If the elite, conversely, sets itself apart from the mass by its use of cultivated French, or ecclesiastical Latin, or European English, then language becomes a mark of both superiority and subordination. The

in Cultivating political and public identity
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2 Cultivating identity Taking people seriously; what you see is what you get A can of paint can be sold with the slogan ‘It does just what it says on the tin.’ People are more than paint, but what can be seen and heard matters in social life. I have made the democratic empirical assumption that feathers and flags, clothes and gestures, voice and manners, and all the other expressions and features of identity, are not signs of who people are; they are what people, as social beings, are, and constitute their social identity

in Cultivating political and public identity

M1634 - HAYWARD TEXT.qxp:ANDY Q7 27/1/09 13:23 Page 116 6 Identity, nation and community This chapter examines the conceptualisation of identity in Irish official discourse in relation to the definition of the Irish ‘nation’ and the European ‘community’. As discussed in the first part of this book, ‘nation’ and ‘community’ constitute the broad conceptual frameworks for identity in nation-statehood and European Union respectively. These frameworks are legitimated and strengthened through the use of narratives, including story-lines regarding significant

in Irish nationalism and European integration
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Ontologies of connection, reconstruction of memory

Pacific. The Pacific’s absence from contemporary civilisational analysis continues in a scenario in which critical scholarship on the Pacific has grown.Through exchanges between historians, artists, novelists, sociologists, activists and archaeologists from the region and counterparts from elsewhere (known as ‘outlanders’), debates about post-​colonial conditions have produced new insights, helped to foster cultural memory and islander identities and languages, generated different methods and shaped new practices (Borofsky, 2000). Furthermore, the expansion of knowledge

in Debating civilisations

missionaries and have contributed to the development of the Irish counter-­culture, notably the ‘New Age ethic’ (Kuhling 2004), which is yet another addition to the Irish religious landscape in recent years. Syncretistic New Religious Movements almost systematically refer to Buddhism as a source of inspiration, and hybridization or creolization is one of their key features. Celtic Buddhism originating in Scotland was thus imported into Ireland, but it is only one of many attempts to combine and intertwine widely diverging creeds. Radical forms of Celtic Christianity, which

in From prosperity to austerity
Imaginaries, power, connected worlds

transactions between civilisations are, on the whole, deeper than many of the major accounts in comparative sociology and world history have suggested. It is contended here that civilisations are made meaningful at points of intersection. Processes of creation of structures, beliefs, modes of learning, identities and forms of belonging gain impetus in the rhythms and tempos of interaction instituted by imaginaries. This is not to suggest that primarily endogenous modalities of life have no influence, but rather that those modalities are animated by cross-​fertilisation and

in Debating civilisations
The Labour Party, the Independent Labour Party (ILP) and the opinion of ILP members

was the function of the ILP. Was it to become a definitely socialist propaganda body having few if any responsibilities? Answering this question, he favoured a new party organisation: [one] which had a relatively small effective membership of Socialist mission­aries, locally and nationally affiliated to the Labour Party … becoming a Socialist mission­ary body cutting loose from its present political entanglements. He realised that this raised some difficult questions with regard to continued affiliation of the ILP with the Labour Party.1 Others at this meeting

in Labour and working-class lives
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The superpower’s dilemma: to appease, repress, or transform transnational advocacy networks?

citizenship, transforming it into an upstanding member of the international community. Activists, working in and through international NGOs, were the tip of the spear, serving as carriers of transnational norms and agents of change. Though it is not always stated explicitly, this view is deeply rooted in the foreign policies of many Western governments. ‘American exceptionalism is missionary’, wrote Henry Kissinger in On China. ‘It holds that the United States has an obligation to spread its values to every part of the world.’ According to this ethos, values like democracy

in The advocacy trap