Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order

The modern global humanitarian system takes the form it does because it is underpinned by liberal world order. Now the viability of global liberal institutions is increasingly in doubt, a backlash against humanitarianism (and human rights) has gained momentum. I will argue that without liberal world order, global humanitarianism as we currently understand it is impossible, confronting humanitarians with an existential choice: how might they function in a world which doesn’t have liberal institutions at its core? The version of global humanitarianism with which we are familiar might not survive this transition, but maybe other forms of humanitarian action will emerge. What comes next might not meet the hopes of today’s humanitarians, however. The humanitarian alliance with liberalism is no accident, and if the world is less liberal, its version of humanitarian action is likely to be less liberal too. Nevertheless, humanitarianism will fare better than its humanist twin, human rights, in this new world.

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction

represented a final victory for Western liberal democracy – an unexpected Hegelian denouement in the knotweed of History. Their euphoria – albeit short-lived – provided the entrance music for a new ethical order, constructed by the US, with a basis in liberal humanitarian norms. Without any direct and immediate threat to its hegemony, the US merged its geostrategy with a humanitarian ethics. In 1991, after the Gulf War, the US invaded Iraq in the name of humanitarian concern. The following year, to the applause of numerous humanitarian NGOs, it led a

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

, M. ( 2017 ), ‘ Social Media and Fake News in the 2016 Election ’, Journal of Economic Perspectives , 31 : 2 , 211 – 36 . Aly , H. ( 2017 ), ‘ Media Perspectives: A Means to an End? Creating a Market for Humanitarian News from Africa ’, in Bunce , M. , Franks , S. and Paterson , C. (eds), Africa’s Media Image in the 21st Century: From the ‘Heart of Darkness’ to ‘Africa Rising’ ( London : Routledge ), pp. 129 – 31 . Barthes , R. ( 1977 ), Image/Music/Text ( New York

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

commercial confidentiality), the final FCC ‘bright line’, and where it also involves degrading non-zero-rated content, also the second line on throttling. T-Mobile offered 33 zero-rated music services in its Music Freedom Plan since 2014, 37 which avoided any negative regulatory scrutiny in part due to the facts: its offer is non-exclusive, relates to music rather than heavily congesting

in Network neutrality

. However, a new CRTC case may lead to a definitive ruling: the Videotron ‘Unlimited Music’ case. 67 The net neutrality regulatory battle in Canada played out as a broadcasting ownership battle, in which programme unbundling had as an integral part the decision to regulate zero rating in 2015. It was to be expected that net neutrality violations favouring the company’s preferred content would also form

in Network neutrality

radicals often had a fascination with the past, but this could often be analysed rather easily into a hatred for the “long present” …’5 One element in common in all strands of Irish separatists was their nostalgia for the ancient Irish past. The Gaelic state represented a utopia which had existed before the British ever arrived. It was idealised as a place in which everyone lived in harmony, and land, power and wealth were shared among the whole community. The people were interested in history, philosophy, poetry, music and storytelling. The ideal of a return to the

in Drafting the Irish Free State Constitution
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Neutrality, discrimination and common carriage

and services of their affiliates. 65 That final provision should eliminate zero rating, but it does continue. Zero rating is a common practice in the US; for instance T-Mobile has offered 33 zero-rated music services since 2014. 66 As seen previously in the mergers of Bell Atlantic into Verizon and the formation of AT&T in 2005/06 and Comcast/NBC Universal in 2011, the US

in Network neutrality
Privacy, liability and interception

the Internet, its business model and freedom of speech. It is happening beyond the analysis of the discrete fields of information security, e-commerce law, media law and telecoms law. There are at least two critical non-IAP-originated factors at play: concern over illegal and inappropriate content (such as child pornography, music protected by copyright and latterly video files being inappropriately

in Network neutrality
Open Access (free)

studies implemented some type of regulation of zero rating, though in the United States and Chile this appears to have exceptions (for music and video streaming in the US, Wikipedia Zero in Chile). The nations with the fastest median Internet access, Netherlands and Norway, also have the strictest net neutrality regulation in practice. Co-regulation was used extensively in Norway, and to a lesser extent in

in Network neutrality