DRAGAN NIKOLIĆ beat Galib MUSIĆ, a 60-year-old detainee by, among
other things, kicking him and beating him with a metal pipe. During the
beatings, DRAGAN NIKOLIĆ accused Galib MUSIĆ of asking a Muslim
organization to come to expel the Serbs from Vlasenica. Each time
DRAGAN NIKOLIĆ beat Galib MUSIĆ, MUSIĆ lost consciousness and, after
approximately seven days, Galib MUSIĆ died.
From early June until about 15 September 1992 many female detainees
at Sušica camp were subjected to sexual assaults, including rapes and
degrading physical and
The role of news and online blogs in constructing political personas
Julia Gallagher and V. Y. Mudimbe
The Ivoirian Crisis of 2002–7 was accompanied by a media war which has been so virulent that observers have at times labelled Ivoirian media as ‘hate media’ ( Witcher, 2006 ). The vigorous public debate has also taken place on relatively new platforms outside established information channels, such as popular music ( Schumann, 2013 ) and open-air public discussion sites called parlements and agoras ( Bahi, 2003 ). As Dina Ligaga observes with reference to Kenya, the ‘internet provides alternative routes of expression of popular culture
: this is true of music and housing styles as much as it is true
of science and terrorism, spectacles and constitutions’(Appadurai, 1990).
Moreover, smaller communities fear cultural absorption by larger polities,
especially those that are nearby, rather than Americanization. Stuart Hall argues
that globalization leads to hybridization and creolization by moving culture
around the world and bringing people and ideas into contact with one another.
Something new is created through this process (Open University video, A Global
What industrialization does lead to
answer to and for individuals
out of friendship and faith – out of responsibility, which is required for
Ismet Dedić and Galib Musić, but also to Dragan Nikolić, who killed them
at Sušica. This is the imperative to answer to you, Stojan Sokolović, to
answer to Sead Sinanović, to Osman Osmanović, buried at Srebrenica by
units of the Zvornik Brigade that Dragan Obrenović sent for that purpose.
This is the imperative to answer to Dragan Obrenović, who also found the
guts to answer for himself – to stand exposed and undone – to say, ‘yes I
did this, and I did that
Yared Music School, and Theatrical Art Department under the newly formed Skunder Boghossian College of Visual and Performing Arts ( Addis Ababa University, 2011 ). Although artists from different parts of the country have the opportunity to meet and transfer ideas, there is a lack of international exchange with those outside the country. This presents a void in the artistic dialogue enjoyed by many art students in Europe and America, who have professional networks and opportunities such as student exchange schemes.
The benefit of such exchanges
Furthermore, Held makes clear that those in control of ‘vast amounts of productive or financial power’ will have to be treated ‘unequally’. Indeed the process of ‘alleviating the conditions of the least powerful while restricting the scope and circumstances of the most powerful – would apply to a variety of areas marked by systematic inequality (from wealth and gender to race and ethnicity)’. 10 All of this would be on an experimental basis – ‘the “music of the future” can only be composed in practice’. 11 It would also, necessitate at times the stepping outside of
walked into the kitchen and shot him:
A bullet entered his mouth and pierced his skull,
The books he had read, the music he could play.
He lay in his dressing gown and pyjamas
While they dusted the dresser for fingerprints
And then shuffled backwards across the garden
With notebooks, cameras and measuring tapes.
They rolled him up like a red carpet and left
Only a bullet hole in the cutlery drawer:
Later his widow took a hammer and chisel
And removed the black keys from his piano.4
Lost Lives, that monumental listing by David McKittrick and
his colleagues of all those
cultural memory of the Soviet era – the people as a whole. The Soviet
regime treated many issues not traditionally associated with the security
sphere as questions of security and, in the words of Buzan et al, ‘securitise[d] everything from nuclear missiles and opposing armies to miniskirts
and pop music’.21 We have argued strongly, in Chapter 2, against the view
that the behaviour of individual politicians can be predicted simply
because they were at some point employed in one of the Russian force
nation’ (cited in Marable 2011 :
264). Despite his deplorable anti-Semitic leanings, Malcolm's
concept of emancipation was modelled on the exodus of the Jewish
people from Egypt (Rogers 2009 ).
Together with the ambition to
create a parallel culture with distinctly ‘black’ ways of dressing,
speaking, making music, worshipping and child rearing, the public
backwater replete with tribal conflicts and always in need of
Western intervention. For charities, the images of starving and
lonely African children established the norm for NGO fundraising’
(Olav Edland-Gryt 2014 ). While the ‘Africa
for Norway’ music video does not really aim to suggest that freezing
Norwegians really need help from Africans (by providing heaters), it