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Richard Wragg

In 1805 Susannah Middleton travelled with her husband, Captain Robert Middleton, to Gibraltar where he was to run the naval dockyard. Abroad for the first time, Susannah maintained a regular correspondence with her sister in England. Casting light on a collection of letters yet to be fully published, the paper gives an account of Susannah‘s experiences as described to her sister. Consideration is given to Susannah‘s position as the wife of a naval officer and her own view of the role she had to play in her husband‘s success. Written at a time when an officers wife could greatly improve his hopes for advancement through the judicious use of social skills, the Middleton letters provide evidence of an often overlooked aspect of the workings of the Royal Navy.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
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Marie Helena Loughlin

Somerset, Villiers rose swiftly from Viscount (1616), to Earl (1617), to Marquis (1618), and finally to Duke of Buckingham (1623). Buckingham’s talents and commitment to James’s service were demonstrated in his reorganization and revitalization of the navy. His relationship with James’s eldest son, Charles, was cemented into a lasting and deep friendship during their joint incognito visit to Spain in 1623, in an unsuccessful attempt to win the Spanish Infanta as Charles’s wife. Under Charles, Buckingham encouraged England’s wars with Spain and France, their disastrous

in Same-Sex Desire in Early Modern England, 1550–1735
Rethinking verbatim dramaturgies

Responding to the resurgence of verbatim theatre that emerged in Britain, Australia, the United States and other parts of the world in the early 1990s, this book offers one of the first sustained, critical engagements with contemporary verbatim, documentary and testimonial dramaturgies. Offering a new reading of the history of the documentary and verbatim theatre form, the book relocates verbatim and testimonial theatre away from discourses of the real and representations of reality and instead argues that these dramaturgical approaches are better understood as engagements with forms of truth-telling and witnessing. Examining a range of verbatim and testimonial plays from different parts of the world, the book develops new ways of understanding the performance of testimony and considers how dramaturgical theatre can bear witness to real events and individual and communal injustice through the re-enactment of personal testimony. Through its interrogation of different dramaturgical engagements with acts of witnessing, the book identifies certain forms of testimonial theatre that move beyond psychoanalytical accounts of trauma and reimagine testimony and witnessing as part of a decolonised project that looks beyond event-based trauma, addressing instead the experience of suffering wrought by racism and other forms of social injustice.

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Edmund Waller, Andrew Marvell, and the advice-to-a-painter poem
Noelle Gallagher

absurd or grotesque parts as metonymic symbols. The poem’s depictions of Clarendon and Sir Robert Paston, for example, employ the same hyperbolic scale used by Waller, but turn it to satiric purposes: First, let our navy scour through silver froth, The ocean’s burden and the

in Historical literatures
Contemporary texts, propaganda, and life writing
G. H. Bennett

special because she was the only female engineer in the merchant navy, and one of a small number of women serving as crew on British merchant ships during wartime. This was an aspect of the Battle of the Atlantic that the majority of the British public did not appreciate. Drummond became the first woman to receive a Lloyd’s medal for bravery. It was perhaps unsurprising that, with the need to involve women fully in

in Gender and warfare in the twentieth century
Andrew McRae and John West

called a council of officers,3 and advised with  other persons of interest in the nation how this great burden of governing England, Scotland and Ireland, with the armies therein, and navy at sea, should be  borne, and by whom. Who, after several days seeking of God, and advising therein, it was resolved that a council of godly, able and discreet persons should  be  named, consisting of 21,4 and that his excellency should be chosen Lord Protector of the three nations. In pursuance hereof several persons of eminency and worth are already made choice of to be the said

in Literature of the Stuart successions
Laura Peters

written in 1879. In this literature, the orphan becomes the sailor who, in finding employment on the seas in either the merchant navy or marines, does the work of empire. Whether working in the imperial economy or defending the empire on the high seas battling foreign enemies and pirates, the orphan sailor is crucial to the defence of the empire, the centre of which, ironically, is the very Victorian

in Orphan texts
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A final story
Geraldine Cousin

’, though in fact the Hospital ‘never employed such a man’ (p. vii). Otis Gardiner sells the older children he collects to mill owners or to the navy. If the babies don’t die quickly, he murders Coram Boy: a final story 163 them. He forces his simple-minded son, Meshak, to help him to bury the bodies in woods and ditches and by deserted hedgerows. Meshak is haunted by the dead babies. He sees their faces in trees and brambles, or staring up at him from the depths of a pond where his father made him hide some of the babies. One autumn night he is terrified by the sight of

in Playing for time
Marvell’s public and private writings, 1649– 65
Keith McDonald

, emphasising the English claims to sovereignty over the seas that the Rump had continued to insist upon. Marvell’s sneering reference to Hugo Grotius’s notion, that order should be maintained through respect of rights, defends English sovereignty against the Dutch.38 And the Dutch ‘burgomaster’, Maarten van Tromp, whose failure to acknowledge Captain Robert Blake off the Dover coast became one of the incendiary actions that triggered the war, gets cast off in shame as Marvell’s poem celebrates the navy’s (and by association, the Rump’s) resounding success. Yet, for all these

in From Republic to Restoration
Ralegh and the call to arms
Andrew Hiscock

’s cultural capital at this time may be sufficiently signalled with reference to the printer’s prefatory matter to the collection: here, the reader is alerted to the fact that ‘Raleighs very Name is Proclamation MUP_Armitage_Ralegh.indd 263 07/10/2013 14:09 264 Andrew Hiscock Essayes contained a number of prose pieces which had been completed during the later, Jacobean period of his life, such as ‘Excellent Observations and Notes, concerning the Royall Navy and Sea-service’, and ‘Apologie for his voyage to Guiana’, relating to the final, doomed expedition of 1617

in Literary and visual Ralegh