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Colin Veach

or to win the trust of the king’ than proven military prowess.135 Walter’s recall was immediately preceded by a muster of forces for the defence of England against French invasion that spring, and a crushingly successful seaborne assault against King Philip’s fleet at Damme (West-­Vlaanderen) on 30 May 1213.136 With the French navy more than decimated, King John moved to press home his advantage. Shortly after Lacy’s recall, John dispatched William, earl of Salisbury, with money and reinforcements to support the count of Flanders against King Philip’s army in the

in Lordship in four realms
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The hub of an English river transport network, 1250–1550
Claire A. Martin

movement of shipping was apparently not without difficulty. The sixteenth-century antiquarian John Stow records that in 1307, Henry Lacy, Earl of Lincoln complained that: [W]‌hereas in times past the course of water running at London under Oldbourne Bridge and Fleet Bridge into the Thames, had been of such breadth and depth, that ten or twelve ships’ navies at once, with merchandise, were wont to come to the foresaid bridge of Fleet and some of them to Oldbourne Bridge: now the same course, by filth of the tanners and such others, was sore decayed; also by raising of

in Roadworks
Paul Kershaw

some pause for thought to consider that within the scholarly circles that produced Bern 363 the adventus Saxonum could be thought of in terms of the navies of the ancient Mediterranean rather than of navies in the sub-Roman North Sea. 85 In this light, it is perhaps not surprising that the author of the Bern Bede displayed little understanding of the distant Saxon past. His account of Hengist and Horsa’s ancestry

in Frankland
Tim William Machan

individually and collectively, through shared traditions, rituals, activities, spectacles, and so forth. 62 Global expansion ultimately furthered this political and ethnic entity. By becoming a world power with colonies across the Pacific, Asia, North America, and Africa, all of them maintained by a collection of missionaries and merchants and sustained by the world’s most developed navy, Great Britain provided both evidence for and the justification of its claims for exceptionalism. Only a united kingdom could be entitled to – or even attempt – expansion around the world

in Northern memories and the English Middle Ages
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The counterfactual lessons of Gilote et Johane
Daniel Birkholz

several entries of a military bent [‘Archers of Wales’, 47; ‘Navy of Southampton’, 60]; Birkholz, King’s Two Maps , 125–126. 94 Hanawalt, ‘At the Margin’, 16. 95 Smith, Pastourelle Tradition , 15, 1. Scholars have underemphasized G&J ’s pastourelle debts, compared with other genre claimants. 96 Dell, Desire by Gender , 142; cf. Smith, Pastourelle Tradition , 20. 97 Smith, Pastourelle Tradition , 14, 64. 98 Dell, Desire by Gender , 147. 99 Ibid . 100 Sigal, ‘Courted in the Country’, 192, 205. 101 Smith, Pastourelle Tradition , 18–21. 102 Dell

in Harley manuscript geographies
Jews in Portsmouth during the long eighteenth century
Tony Kushner

the work of social geography, it has been suggested that ‘place is a negotiated reality, a social construction by a purposeful set of actors. But the relationship is mutual, for places in turn develop and reinforce the identity of the social group that claims them’. 10 Just as the memory of early Winchester as capital of Wessex was utilised in the (racial) construction of Englishness and the British Empire, so the later history of Portsmouth, as home of the navy, was employed for a wider purpose. As Ken Lunn and Ann Day have argued, although neglected in academic

in Anglo-Jewry since 1066
Locality, brotherhood and the nature of tolerance
Tony Kushner

in the success of this enterprise, providing the foundation for Ezekiel’s brother, Emanuel, to build his subsequent career in local politics. Emanuel became a prominent jeweller in Portsmouth with a sister business in London. His prominence and respectability, contrasting to his Jewish trading predecessors in the port, was reflected in his status as silversmith to Queen Victoria and to the Royal Navy. 23 Emanuel Emanuel was born in London’s West End in 1807 and, aged eleven, he moved with his father and brother to Portsmouth. His death in

in Anglo-Jewry since 1066
Hidden narratives of Jewish settlement and movement in the inter-war years
Tony Kushner

traders excelled. Most Jews lived within easy walking distance of the synagogue and were served with Jewish food and other shops within the area’. The economic foundation of this community was undermined when the navy ‘develop[ed] its own central sources of supply’ and in 1936 the synagogue moved to Southsea. 86 The area was redeveloped after 1945, leaving few remnants of its Jewish past. Thereafter an amnesia in the world of Portsmouth’s official heritage has developed over the town’s past Jewish visibility in Charlotte Street and Queen Street, mirroring that in

in Anglo-Jewry since 1066
Transmigrancy, memory and local identities
Tony Kushner

English Gateway (1951), locally commissioned by the council to commemorate the town’s efforts during the Second World War, the Spitfire’s role is both God-given and described as being part of a seamless garment of quintessential Britishness. In the dark days of 1940 as every Englishman realized, the time had now come when that particular responsibility must be borne in part by the little Southampton-built fighter-plane. Because of this, the Spitfire , like the Navy, touched ‘mystic chords in the English breast that went deeper than reason

in Anglo-Jewry since 1066
Tony Kushner

ancestry. It may have failed to produce an easily recognisable type, but it stands at the very heart and centre of what Mr Baldwin has called “essential Englishry”’. 36 Stevens argued that its past experience meant that ‘It was not to be expected that Hampshire men could conform to type in the sense that the Cornish man and the Welshman does.’ Instead, the ‘spirit of Hampshire’, built on the ‘foundation stone’ laid by King Alfred, enabled a successful later ‘cosmopolitianism’ [ sic ]. Thus newcomers, including those entering the army, navy and merchant fleet, ‘in due

in Anglo-Jewry since 1066