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or to win the trust of the king’ than proven military prowess.135 Walter’s recall was immediately preceded by a muster of forces for the defence of England against French invasion that spring, and a crushingly successful seaborne assault against King Philip’s fleet at Damme (West-­Vlaanderen) on 30 May 1213.136 With the French navy more than decimated, King John moved to press home his advantage. Shortly after Lacy’s recall, John dispatched William, earl of Salisbury, with money and reinforcements to support the count of Flanders against King Philip’s army in the

in Lordship in four realms
Abstract only
The hub of an English river transport network, 1250–1550

movement of shipping was apparently not without difficulty. The sixteenth-century antiquarian John Stow records that in 1307, Henry Lacy, Earl of Lincoln complained that: [W]‌hereas in times past the course of water running at London under Oldbourne Bridge and Fleet Bridge into the Thames, had been of such breadth and depth, that ten or twelve ships’ navies at once, with merchandise, were wont to come to the foresaid bridge of Fleet and some of them to Oldbourne Bridge: now the same course, by filth of the tanners and such others, was sore decayed; also by raising of

in Roadworks
Jews in Portsmouth during the long eighteenth century

the work of social geography, it has been suggested that ‘place is a negotiated reality, a social construction by a purposeful set of actors. But the relationship is mutual, for places in turn develop and reinforce the identity of the social group that claims them’. 10 Just as the memory of early Winchester as capital of Wessex was utilised in the (racial) construction of Englishness and the British Empire, so the later history of Portsmouth, as home of the navy, was employed for a wider purpose. As Ken Lunn and Ann Day have argued, although neglected in academic

in Anglo-Jewry since 1066
Locality, brotherhood and the nature of tolerance

in the success of this enterprise, providing the foundation for Ezekiel’s brother, Emanuel, to build his subsequent career in local politics. Emanuel became a prominent jeweller in Portsmouth with a sister business in London. His prominence and respectability, contrasting to his Jewish trading predecessors in the port, was reflected in his status as silversmith to Queen Victoria and to the Royal Navy. 23 Emanuel Emanuel was born in London’s West End in 1807 and, aged eleven, he moved with his father and brother to Portsmouth. His death in

in Anglo-Jewry since 1066
Hidden narratives of Jewish settlement and movement in the inter-war years

traders excelled. Most Jews lived within easy walking distance of the synagogue and were served with Jewish food and other shops within the area’. The economic foundation of this community was undermined when the navy ‘develop[ed] its own central sources of supply’ and in 1936 the synagogue moved to Southsea. 86 The area was redeveloped after 1945, leaving few remnants of its Jewish past. Thereafter an amnesia in the world of Portsmouth’s official heritage has developed over the town’s past Jewish visibility in Charlotte Street and Queen Street, mirroring that in

in Anglo-Jewry since 1066

ancestry. It may have failed to produce an easily recognisable type, but it stands at the very heart and centre of what Mr Baldwin has called “essential Englishry”’. 36 Stevens argued that its past experience meant that ‘It was not to be expected that Hampshire men could conform to type in the sense that the Cornish man and the Welshman does.’ Instead, the ‘spirit of Hampshire’, built on the ‘foundation stone’ laid by King Alfred, enabled a successful later ‘cosmopolitianism’ [ sic ]. Thus newcomers, including those entering the army, navy and merchant fleet, ‘in due

in Anglo-Jewry since 1066
Transmigrancy, memory and local identities

English Gateway (1951), locally commissioned by the council to commemorate the town’s efforts during the Second World War, the Spitfire’s role is both God-given and described as being part of a seamless garment of quintessential Britishness. In the dark days of 1940 as every Englishman realized, the time had now come when that particular responsibility must be borne in part by the little Southampton-built fighter-plane. Because of this, the Spitfire , like the Navy, touched ‘mystic chords in the English breast that went deeper than reason

in Anglo-Jewry since 1066