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Steve Sohmer

in a typical Shakespearean wordplay – on the French mords = bite, and its homonym, ‘byght’ (modern: bight). A bight is an indentation in a coastline a body of water cupped between two headlands ( OED ), of which there are several in Europe, including the Egmont Bight in Dorset and the Helgoland Bight where the British claimed a famous victory over the German navy on 28

in Reading Shakespeare’s mind
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Josette Bushell-Mingo’s Cleopatra, Royal Exchange, Manchester, 2005; Tarell Alvin McCraney’s ‘radical edit’, Royal Shakespeare Company, The Public and GableStage, 2013
Carol Chillington Rutter

!’ 9.2 ‘I never saw an action of such shame’ (3.10). Cleopatra (Joaquina Kalukango) and her ‘navy’, Iras (Charise Castro Smith) and Mardian (Chivas Michael) flee the Battle of Actium. Doing Antony and Cleopatra ‘with race and ethnicity’, perhaps McCraney's boldest move, and the one least understood by (white) reviewers, was to replace playtext with performance text, speech with movement, which allowed him to devise a physical language that

in Antony and Cleopatra
Antony and Cleopatra, 1677–1931
Carol Chillington Rutter

renounced Cleopatra he can hardly brook his ‘betrayal’ by the younger man, who's reputedly been adopted her new lover. The ploy works; Antony wavers; Octavia storms out; the peace treaty is dead in the water; the act ends with recriminations of mutual betrayals, with Cleopatra protesting her innocence and the ‘lovers’ edgily exiting ‘severally’ (line 598). The highly condensed fifth act pits personal despair against political ruin while keeping the actual politics removed: noises off signal the invasion by sea of Octavius's navy and the rout of Cleopatra's sails, which

in Antony and Cleopatra
The Earl of Essex, Sir Philip Sidney and surviving Elizabeth’s court
Richard James Wood

is open to doubt. Greville’s early career under the reign of James I was marked by the loss of his position as treasurer of the navy, which he had gained with Essex’s aid in 1599. 22 Indeed, Mervyn James acknowledges that during Greville’s post-Elizabethan career, ‘under the pressure of political disillusionment, his mind showed a progressive disintegration of the synthesis of wisdom, honour and religion which, under Sidney’s influence, had sustained the idealism of his youth’. 23 Given this disintegration, it is debatable whether Greville’s Jacobean articulation

in Sidney's Arcadia and the conflicts of virtue
Taking the measure of Antony and Cleopatra, Royal Shakespeare Company, 1972, 1978, 1982
Carol Chillington Rutter

of universal peace seem a threat’ ( Daily Express , 16 August 1972), there wasn't much to choose. Nunn had clearly cast his principals to bring on stage their reputations and performance histories. Richard Johnson was an Antony cut from Glen Byam Shaw's cloth, an ‘Offi’ who'd served in the Royal Navy from 1945 to 1948. He'd made his film debut in Never So Few (1959), a World War II story – overlaid with sex, intrigue and imperial ambition: shades of Antony and Cleopatra – shot in Burma. He was first casting for James Bond in the original

in Antony and Cleopatra
Marvell’s public and private writings, 1649– 65
Keith McDonald

, emphasising the English claims to sovereignty over the seas that the Rump had continued to insist upon. Marvell’s sneering reference to Hugo Grotius’s notion, that order should be maintained through respect of rights, defends English sovereignty against the Dutch.38 And the Dutch ‘burgomaster’, Maarten van Tromp, whose failure to acknowledge Captain Robert Blake off the Dover coast became one of the incendiary actions that triggered the war, gets cast off in shame as Marvell’s poem celebrates the navy’s (and by association, the Rump’s) resounding success. Yet, for all these

in From Republic to Restoration
Ralegh and the call to arms
Andrew Hiscock

’s cultural capital at this time may be sufficiently signalled with reference to the printer’s prefatory matter to the collection: here, the reader is alerted to the fact that ‘Raleighs very Name is Proclamation MUP_Armitage_Ralegh.indd 263 07/10/2013 14:09 264 Andrew Hiscock Essayes contained a number of prose pieces which had been completed during the later, Jacobean period of his life, such as ‘Excellent Observations and Notes, concerning the Royall Navy and Sea-service’, and ‘Apologie for his voyage to Guiana’, relating to the final, doomed expedition of 1617

in Literary and visual Ralegh
Tamsin Badcoe

defending the virtue and legitimacy of the mathematical arts, Dee gradually paves the way for presenting a sustained argument for the establishment of a ‘Pety-Navy-Royall’: a flexible tool that would provide, in addition to coastal and economic protection, ‘the onely Maister Key, wherewith to open all Locks, that kepe out, or hinder, this Incomparable Brytish Impire’ (sig. A4 v ). Written to promote imperial aspirations to sympathetic listeners, the treatise continually looks to the author’s future plans: when writing of ‘THE BRYTISH QUEENE ELIZABETH, HER TABLES

in Edmund Spenser and the romance of space
Musical comedy
R. S. White

pans up past the ship’s metallic weaponry to the New York skyline, leaving the film as a paean to the navy and the city rather than emotional self-realisation of individuals or fulfilment in love. Marriage is mentioned as a wistful hope lying in the future, and On the Town ends, like Love’s Labour’s Lost , as undoubtedly a romantic comedy but with inconclusive courtship and more than a touch of

in Shakespeare’s cinema of love
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Size matters
Deanne Williams

with the world of trinkets, trifles, and spices acquired through England’s growing trade with the east. Elizabeth was beginning to enjoy, through her navy and her merchants, the experience of expansion that her votaress enjoys in bodily terms. To the east, John Newbery and Ralph Fitch made an overland journey to India in 1583, reaching Goa and the court of the Mogul emperor, Akbar

in Goddesses and Queens