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defending the virtue and legitimacy of the mathematical arts, Dee gradually paves the way for presenting a sustained argument for the establishment of a ‘Pety-Navy-Royall’: a flexible tool that would provide, in addition to coastal and economic protection, ‘the onely Maister Key, wherewith to open all Locks, that kepe out, or hinder, this Incomparable Brytish Impire’ (sig. A4 v ). Written to promote imperial aspirations to sympathetic listeners, the treatise continually looks to the author’s future plans: when writing of ‘THE BRYTISH QUEENE ELIZABETH, HER TABLES

in Edmund Spenser and the romance of space
Musical comedy

pans up past the ship’s metallic weaponry to the New York skyline, leaving the film as a paean to the navy and the city rather than emotional self-realisation of individuals or fulfilment in love. Marriage is mentioned as a wistful hope lying in the future, and On the Town ends, like Love’s Labour’s Lost , as undoubtedly a romantic comedy but with inconclusive courtship and more than a touch of

in Shakespeare’s cinema of love
Rochester, Mennes, Pepys, Urquhart and the sense of dis-ordure

medieval syntax with early modern lexis is indicative of a fluency with Chaucerian style and, as such, is symptomatic of the true enthusiast: Raylor informs us, ‘Mennes has been regarded as instrumental in keeping Chaucer’s reputation alive in the seventeenth century . . . In his later years, given the opportunity, Mennes would while away whole afternoons entertaining his colleagues at the Navy Office by

in Between two stools

sister poem to Devereux narrating the death of Sir Richard Grenville at the hands of the Spanish navy in 1591, Sir Philip Sidney’s ghost makes an appearance: a potent metaphor for the anxiety of influence felt by Essexian writing more widely in connection with Sidney, the pre-eminent soldier-poet. The poem is described as ‘this labour of my Sunne-burnt braine’, referencing as it does so the opening

in Essex

crown’s authority, frustrated by inadequate revenues and the failure of numerous proposals for new taxes, the king had dissolved parliament and determined to rule without it. His Attorney General William Noy scoured the statute books for sources of money. One such source was the revival of an Elizabethan tax on coastal towns for the support of the navy – such towns were targets of

in Spectacular Performances
Abstract only

navy unrigged and the castle pulled downe’. Chamberlain adds a grim account of the number of people injured in the spectacle. Perhaps his high artistic standards caused his failure to appreciate art’s stretch. John Taylor may be closer to the purpose when he commented on the fireworks and the sea fight as demonstrating the country’s military might and skill. Spectators at Whitehall and along the river

in Shakespeare’s London 1613

the position of Lord Chamberlain. In 1587, he was placed in charge of preparing the army and navy for war against Spain. On 23 October 1597, he became Earl of Nottingham. 46 Howard’s wife, Katherine Carey, was first cousin to Lettice Knollys Devereux, mother of Robert Devereux, second Earl of Essex. 47 Her father Henry Carey (1524?-96), first Lord Hunsdon, who succeeded

in European erotic romance

. G. Perrin (London: Navy Records Society, 1928), p. 76. 21 Chesters Triumph in Honor of Her Prince (London, 1610), sig. A3v. Quotations will come from this edition. For a discussion of this pageant, see my English Civic Pageantry 1558–1642 , revised edition (Tempe: Arizona State University, 2003), pp. 91–2. Susan Anderson

in Shakespeare’s London 1613
The Earl of Essex, Sir Philip Sidney and surviving Elizabeth’s court

loss of his position as treasurer of the navy, which he had gained with Essex’s aid in 1599. 27 Indeed, Mervyn James acknowledges that during Greville’s post-Elizabethan career, ‘under the pressure of political disillusionment, his mind showed a progressive disintegration of the synthesis of wisdom, honour and religion which, under Sidney’s influence, had sustained the idealism of his youth’. 28

in Essex
Hamlet and the rules of art

’s return visit to London in 1606; and concur that in drinking toasts Claudius is likewise ‘a truly royal Dane’, as ‘Christian was capable of downing forty goblets of wine in an evening’, and for his coronation 35,000 glasses were requisitioned from the navy, whilst his father died of drink, and ‘old Queen Sophia worked her way through two gallons of wine a day’. 48 In

in Free Will