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by the phenomenologist Alfred Schütz. His view erects non-biological foundations for human existence and, thereby, challenges the Burtonian biological account. It provides us also with conceptual tools which can be employed to give the problem-solving workshop a phenomenological interpretation. In order to understand the philosophical context of phenomenology a short study of its general features is

in Culture and international conflict resolution
A critical analysis of the work of John Burton

This book is a critical study of John Burton's work, which outlines an alternative framework for the study of international conflict, and re-examines conflict resolution. It argues that culture has a constitutive role in international conflict and conflict resolution. The book provides an overview of the mediation literature in order to locate problem-solving workshop conflict resolution within the context of peaceful third-party involvement. It analyses human needs thinking and examines the similarities between it and Burton's thinking. The book also examines the logic of Burton's argument by means of metaphor analysis, by analysing the metaphors which can be found in his human needs theory. It studies further Burton's views of action and rationality, and moves into phenomenology and social constructionism. The book takes as its starting-point a totalist theory of international conflict resolution, namely Burton's sociobiologically-oriented conflict theory, and demonstrates the logic of argument and the denial of culture underlying his problem-solving theory. It explains the dimensions of the social world in order to lay a foundation for the study of conflict and conflict resolution from the social constructionist perspective. The book presents a phenomenological understanding of conflict and problem-solving conflict resolution. Finally, it argues that problem-solving workshop conflict resolution can be best understood as an attempt to find a shared reality between the parties in conflict.

Limitations and possibilities

. 27 J. Burton, Resolving Deep-rooted Conflict: A Handbook (London and New York, University Press of America, 1987), p. 27. 28 This section is based on an application of H. Dreyfus and S. Dreyfus, ‘Towards a Phenomenology of Ethical Expertise’, Human Studies , 14: 4 (1991), 229-50. Only

in Culture and international conflict resolution
Abstract only
The problématique of culture in international conflict analysis

resolution in general, and problem-solving conflict resolution in particular. In other words, it aims at providing an alternative language for the study of conflict resolution. Alfred Schutz’s phenomenology and social constructionist theories of human ‘being’ are employed in order both to criticise Burton’s views of human nature and to establish a conceptual framework which does not arise from human needs

in Culture and international conflict resolution
Open Access (free)
Surveillance and transgender bodies in a post-9/ 11 era of neoliberalism

hypervisible – to state institutions? For whom is visibility an available political strategy, and at what cost?’ (Beauchamp 2013 : 52). And to this I would add, for whom is invisibility a political strategy? Sara Ahmed’s ( 2006 ) brilliant theorisation of racialised space, mobility, and movement comes to mind here as well. Building upon Ahmed’s ( 2006 : 139) argument that ‘[a]‌ phenomenology of “being stopped” might take us in a

in Security/ Mobility

facilitator is crucial to bridge these two models: he or she, as a purified mind, transfers the parties from the first, cost-benefit, to the second, discursive, realm. The next chapter of the book moves into phenomenology. The aim is through sociological phenomenology to emphasise discursive and hermeneutical elements of problem-solving workshop conflict resolution. By employing a

in Culture and international conflict resolution
Abstract only

, violence is predominantly understood in its physical phenomenology, as an instrument whose very substance is ‘ruled by the means-end category’ (Arendt 1970 : 4) and less so in its structural manifestations. Despite this circumscribed understanding of violence in a more narrow sense, however, her conceptual account of political violence is by no means uncomplicated and warrants a more nuanced analysis. 3

in Death machines
"On the political passions in Europe and America and their implications for Transatlantic History"

of psychopathological fringe, which found its recurring phenomenology in beliefs in conspiracy theories. The ideological passions that roiled Europe could only surface as pathologies in the United States. Earlier theories focused less on the specific resistance to political extremism than the conditions that were conducive to democracy. As Frederick Jackson Turner had argued (borrowing from Achille Loria, the Italian advocate of cooperatives), access to free land also made a difference. By making it possible for rural settlers to become

in The TransAtlantic reconsidered
Norwegian experiences of death and security

– where intentionality implies consciousness of something (Malpas 1999 ). Situation in place is fundamental to the constitution of subjectivity as being-in-the-world. As Cresswell explains: The philosophy of phenomenology was developed by Franz Brentano and Edmund Husserl in the nineteenth century and its central concern

in Death and security