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A global history

In this book scholars from across the globe investigate changes in ‘society’ and ‘nation’ over time through the lens of immunisation. Such an analysis unmasks the idea of vaccination as a simple health technology and makes visible the social and political complexities in which vaccination programmes are embedded. The collection of essays gives a comparative overview of immunisation at different times in widely different parts of the world and under different types of political regime. Core themes in the chapters include immunisation as an element of state formation; citizens’ articulation of seeing (or not seeing) their needs incorporated into public health practice; allegations that development aid is inappropriately steering third-world health policies; and an ideological shift that treats vaccines as marketable and profitable commodities rather than as essential tools of public health. Throughout, the authors explore relationships among vaccination, vaccine-making, and the discourses and debates on citizenship and nationhood that have accompanied mass vaccination campaigns. The thoughtful investigations of vaccination in relation to state power, concepts of national identify (and sense of solidarity) and individual citizens’ sense of obligation to self and others are completed by an afterword by eminent historian of vaccination William Muraskin. Reflecting on the well-funded global initiatives which do not correspond to the needs of poor countries, Muraskin asserts that an elite fraternity of self-selected global health leaders has undermined the United Nations system of collective health policy determination by launching global disease eradication and immunisation programmes over the last twenty years.

Elisha P. Renne

11 Polio vaccination, political authority and the Nigerian state Elisha P. Renne So I told him [a soldier] that even if they are going to kill me, I will not allow the governor to enter my house … I also said in the governor's presence that even if President Jonathan comes here, I will not allow them to immunize my child. So the governor

in The politics of vaccination
The CDC’s mission to Cold War East Pakistan, 1958
Paul Greenough

1 The uneasy politics of epidemic aid: the CDC's mission to Cold War East Pakistan, 1958 Paul Greenough Epidemic outbreaks, political struggle, civil society response Historians warn against narratives in which actors are spared the dilemmas of chance and choice. No doubt prolepsis, anachronism and teleology should be avoided, but I find it difficult to tell a story

in The politics of vaccination
Ana María Carrillo

5 Vaccine production, national security anxieties and the unstable state in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Mexico Ana María Carrillo Introduction Since pre-Columbian times, Mexico has experienced notable periods of progress in science and technology. Political, economic and social problems have, however, often interrupted these developments, thus the country has been forced to rebuild

in The politics of vaccination
Fighting a tropical scourge, modernising the nation
Jaime Benchimol

agents of the disease, and curative serums were developed. 3 The impact of Freire's vaccine was partly due to the proliferation of microbe hunters, medical and scientific associations and periodicals, colonial and commercial interests, in addition to Freire's zeal in fostering social alliances at a time when science was helping to transform Brazil's political and social structures. Freire's vaccine

in The politics of vaccination
Stephen Snelders

16 7 Developing modern leprosy politics, 1900–​1950 By 1900, the leprosy asylum system in Suriname was reorganized and adapted to both the modern humanitarian and medical demands of the time and the new accommodation between the colonial state and dominant religious groups. Attention could now turn to another essential and long-​postponed reform: the legal framework and execution of the policy of compulsory segregation. Since the international leprosy conference in Berlin in 1897, the international medical and colonial world had been catching up with the

in Leprosy and colonialism
Martin D. Moore

simultaneous shift in the trajectory of British politics, over the next decade retinopathy screening and treatment became the subject of much (albeit intermittent) policy discussion within the DHSS. By 1985 the DHSS had approved a trial programme for retinopathy screening and treatment under a Special Medical Development (SMD) grant, one intended to produce future regional standards. Moving our focus from the clinic to Whitehall, this chapter reconstructs the shifting fortune of retinopathy screening trials within the DHSS, exploring the ways in which

in Managing diabetes, managing medicine
Ida Milne

9 17 8 Influenza as a political tool To describe the 1910s as an evolutionary decade for Irish society is something of an understatement. The involvement of significant numbers of Irish people in the world war and a rush of mood-​altering domestic events  –​the 1913 Dublin strike and lockout, the deferral of Home Rule, the 1916 rebellion and the death on hunger strike of nationalist prisoner Thomas Ashe  –​made transformative calls on loyalty. In the wake of the ‘failed’ 1916 rebellion, the nationalist movement reorganised, understanding that public outrage at

in Stacking the coffins
Vaccine scares, statesmanship and the media
Andrea Stöckl and Anna Smajdor

chapter situates the British MMR controversy within the broader historical context of public debates over science and government policy in the years 1998–2003. We focus on the role of political leaders as models for the general public for dealing with what is broadly understood as modern risk society. 3 In addition to previous research on the MMR debate in the UK, which locate it in the controversies on science in society and the impact of the

in The politics of vaccination
Open Access (free)
Paul Greenough, Stuart Blume and Christine Holmberg

Introduction Paul Greenough , Stuart Blume and Christine Holmberg Government-organised vaccination campaigns are political projects that presume to shape the immunity of whole populations. 1 Like other pervasive expressions of state power – taxing, policing, conscripting – mass vaccination arouses anxiety in some people but sentiments of civic

in The politics of vaccination