Search results

Andrea M. Szkil

The subject of forensic specialist‘s work with human remains in the aftermath of conflict has remained largely unexplored within the existing literature. Drawing upon anthropological fieldwork conducted from 2009–10 in three mortuary facilities overseen by the International Commission on Missing Persons (ICMP) in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), this article analyses observations of and interviews with ICMP forensic specialists as a means of gaining insight into their experiences with the remains of people who went missing during the 1992–95 war in BiH. The article specifically focuses on how forensic specialists construct and maintain their professional identities within an emotionally charged situation. Through analysing forensic specialists encounters with human remains, it is argued that maintaining a professional identity requires ICMP forensic specialists to navigate between emotional attachment and engagement according to each situation.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Space, identity and power

This volume aims to disclose the political, social and cultural factors that influenced the sanitary measures against epidemics developed in the Mediterranean during the long nineteenth century. The contributions to the book provide new interdisciplinary insights to the booming field of ‘quarantine studies’ through a systematic use of the analytic categories of space, identity and power. The ultimate goal is to show the multidimensional nature of quarantine, the intimate links that sanitary administrations and institutions had with the territorial organization of states, international trade, the construction of national, colonial, religious and professional identities or the configuration of political regimes. The circum-Mediterranean geographical spread of the case studies contained in this volume illuminates the similarities and differences around and across this sea, on the southern and northern shores, in Arabic, Spanish, Portuguese, Greek, Italian, English and French-speaking domains. At the same time, it is highly interested in engaging in the global English-speaking community, offering a wide range of terms, sources, bibliography, interpretative tools and views produced and elaborated in various Mediterranean countries. The historical approach will be useful to recognize the secular tensions that still lie behind present-day issues such as the return of epidemics or the global flows of migrants and refugees.

Abstract only
Louise A. Jackson

stations, carrying out similar duties to male officers and working solely with them. It is important, therefore, to uncover the diversity of women’s policing work and to offer a comparative perspective across time and space. This book examines the professional roles, identities, activities and experiences of women police in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK) from a historical perspective, using a range of oral testimonies, documentary and visual sources. In so doing, it also aims to comment more broadly on the gendering of modern surveillance

in Women police
Abstract only
Quarantine and professional identity in mid nineteenth-century Britain
Lisa Rosner

5 Policing boundaries: quarantine and professional identity in mid nineteenth-century Britain Lisa Rosner Introduction As the British imperial presence spread across the world’s inland seas and oceans from the late eighteenth through the nineteenth centuries, so too did deadly diseases like yellow fever, cholera and dysentery. Management of these diseases invariably created disputes between medical men in Royal Navy ships and those at the ports they visited, over whether specific diseases were communicable and, thus, whether there was any purpose to quarantine

in Mediterranean Quarantines, 1750–1914
The changing meaning of Usher syndrome, 1960–1980
Marion Andrea Schmidt

-class professionals and advocates. Moreover, as will become clear, even in the period from the 1960s to the 1980s, both who was identified as having Usher syndrome, and the agency granted to and demanded by deaf-blind people, changed significantly. Today, with a growing pro-tactile movement and their twenty-first-century forms of activism and community-building, experiences, identities, and possibilities have changed again. 6 Taking into account different hearing-sighted, deaf, and deaf-blind perspectives, this chapter follows transformations in what it meant to have Usher

in Eradicating deafness?
Nurses and ECT in Dutch psychiatry, 1940–2010
Geertje Boschma

responsibilities can be observed in the use of ECT, particularly when its application increased during the 1990s, providing nurses with new opportunities for specialised roles. In this chapter I  first explore how nurses took up their work in ECT in the 1940s and 1950s. Then, I examine the way they negotiated their professional identity in the face of dwindling ECT use and fierce anti-psychiatric critique in the 1970s and 1980s. Finally, I discuss how ECT use increased again during the 1990s, affecting nurses’ professional knowledge and authority over ECT. Nurses were able to

in Histories of nursing practice
Helen Cowie

that separated the naturalist from the scholastic or the non-specialist traveller was his reliance upon precision instruments. The possession and use of specialist equipment enhanced the accuracy and credibility of the naturalist’s observations, forming an integral part of his professional identity. In an environment where voluminous apparatus made by master craftsmen evidenced scholarly rigour, having

in Conquering nature in Spain and its empire, 1750–1850
Abstract only
From Bell to biodiversity
Marion Andrea Schmidt

-perception. Since cochlear implants (CIs) entered the health care market in the mid-1980s, and especially since the 1990s, when they were approved for infants and toddlers, they have been seen as a kind of (instant) cure for neurosensoral deafness. They have also intensified old divisions. Once more, deaf children are in the middle of a highly emotional debate about their identity, belonging, and future, about whether deafness is something to be fixed or cherished. For CI professionals – neurosurgeons, audiologists, or speech therapists – they spell out a future in which the

in Eradicating deafness?
John Beckett

proceedings, inquisitions post mortem, wills and marriage licences.23 80—writing local history The most obvious allies of the Public Record Office keepers were the professional historians who benefited from the expansion of history as a separate university discipline, and for whom the subject was primarily about the nation, not the locality. The great narrative historians of the mid-century, among them Macaulay and Froude, addressed a wide general readership, and their interpretations of the national past helped to provide a sense of identity. This was the history of

in Writing local history
Abstract only
Pasts, present, futures
Michael Brown

of such schools over the country?’ Lydgate does not perceive his provincial situation to be an impediment to ‘scientific pursuits’ and ‘the general advance’: far from it. London is a world of ‘intrigues, jealousies, and social truckling’ where ‘very ignorant young gentlemen’ might thrive as long as they had powerful patrons. By contrast, he claims, ‘Any valid professional aims may often find a freer, if not a richer field, in the provinces’. 7 The character of Tertius Lydgate might well serve as a literary motif for those forms of medical identity and performance

in Performing medicine