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Challenges and opportunities

This book explores the evolving African security paradigm in light of the multitude of diverse threats facing the continent and the international community today and in the decades ahead. It challenges current thinking and traditional security constructs as woefully inadequate to meet the real security concerns and needs of African governments in a globalized world. The continent has becoming increasingly integrated into an international security architecture, whereby Africans are just as vulnerable to threats emanating from outside the continent as they are from home-grown ones. Thus, Africa and what happens there, matters more than ever. Through an in-depth examination and analysis of the continent’s most pressing traditional and non-traditional security challenges—from failing states and identity and resource conflict to terrorism, health, and the environment—it provides a solid intellectual foundation, as well as practical examples of the complexities of the modern African security environment. Not only does it assess current progress at the local, regional, and international level in meeting these challenges, it also explores new strategies and tools for more effectively engaging Africans and the global community through the human security approach.

characteristics of individual Roman citizens (Magnette, 2005: 19). The Middle Ages and Renaissance then highlighted the impact social groups, in particular professional (Weber, 1998: 44) and religious groups (Riesenberg, 1992: 88), can have on identity. In light of the extensive role identity has played in these historical processes of community building, it is then not at all surprising that European identity has been identified as an important component of European integration (Risse, 2010: 39–46). Ongoing debates about the nation state and the EU (Medrano, 2010), the fluid

in The European Union and its eastern neighbourhood

Russian federation but it also highlighted the challenge to the single politico-cultural identity emanating from the state’s bounded territorial space.46 In the 1990s it had become commonplace in the Russian domestic media to present Chechen separatism in stereotypical cultural forms – ‘the Russian professional soldier faces the Chechen bandit’.47 In light of this, interpreting the containment of the domestic ‘other’ in the first Russo-Chechen campaign can be read as an attempt to reconfigure a singular politico-cultural identity of Russia. Indeed, the expurgation of

in Contemporary violence
The Indian diaspora

practice Hinduism.’ In Indochina the kingdoms of Fu-nan, Champa, Kambujadesa (Kampuchea),Angkor and Laos were also greatly influenced by Indian culture and civilization. However, mass migration of people from the Indian subcontinent began only in the nineteenth century. Narayan, as well as the RHLCID, notes that the nineteenth and early part of the twentieth centuries witnessed unprecedented emigration of indentured and other labourers, traders, professionals and employees of the British government to the British, French, Dutch and Portuguese colonies in Asia

in India in a globalized world

Raid and Prisoner in the Caucasus distinctive characteristics of Russian and Caucasian highlander identity come to the fore. By employing fiction as a means of representing these characteristics, the short story and the folklore tale provide a way into interpreting culturally specific forms of identity. Similarly in Serbia – and more generally in many oral Slavic traditions – professional singers were viewed as traditional public storytellers, recounting heroic deeds and evoking history. These heroic songs formed the basis of what would later become epic poems known

in Contemporary violence

evolution of the population of national SMOs’ (2005, 195; italics in original). Based on analysis of US national SMOs he concludes that the ‘rate of founding of federated SMOs with members has not declined during the past several decades as the focus upon the emergence of professional SMOs has suggested’ (2005, 205). In short, populations do not seem to be changing complexion, but when one stumbles across contemporary ‘memberless’ groups they are conveniently interpreted as part of a broader shift. As elaborated in Chapter 5 , survey evidence of the Scottish group system

in Groups, representation and democracy

highly professional; yet in both states the military, ex-military politicians, and the intelligence services nevertheless frequently overshadow the diplomats. The limited influence of professional foreign policy establishments, together with the dominance of the policy process by military and intelligence bureaucrats, may give special weight to the advocates of the use of force over negotiation in achieving ends and to ‘national security’ considerations over other issues, such as economic interests or identity, in the policy process. The over

in The international politics of the Middle East

demonstrated in Chapter 5 , many do not see themselves in those terms; they do not pursue a representative identity or group self-image. The core question this framework alerts scholars to is not whether groups actually do practice internal democratic enfranchisement of their affiliates – it does not explain why they do (or do not) manifest such practices. Rather, it establishes whether such practices are necessary to democratically legitimate their advocacy – it establishes whether they are able to engage in democratic representation at all

in Groups, representation and democracy

analysis In the age of globalisation and post-­9/11 era, we witnessed the rise of new challenges to international security and the discourses of the global ‘war on terror’. Meanwhile, the notions of modernity such as statehood, sovereignty, national identity and the foreign policy of states have become increasingly contested in the study of international relations. In general, the concept of foreign policy has been by-­passed in the main theories of IR.9 In particular, the increasing meta-­theoretical interests in the studies of global politics ‘have only occasionally

in Turkey facing east
Abstract only

perception’ – tools whereby capitalism ‘transmutes all culture, emotion, identity, into a form open to exchange.’8 Technologies of travel involve far more than the unique collapse of time and space that modern travel possibilities afford, although they are also that. They are a mode of being – a way of forming and projecting the Self and consuming the Other for pleasure, profit, or some combination of these. As such, tourism has several minimally unifying characteristics. Tourism presupposes time as organized and regulated and the division of 39 4712P BOSNIA-PT/bp.qxd 6

in The ethics of researching war