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An Interview with Caroline Abu Sa’Da, General Director of SOS MEDITERRANEE Suisse
Juliano Fiori

’t necessarily join NGOs like MSF because they don’t have professional experience in humanitarian work. They specifically want to do something in Europe rather than going to Bangladesh or Syria or Iraq. It is really this idea of dealing with a European issue, in Europe, in a way that might bring about political change, without being embedded in a political party. This is a new type of political engagement and politics – different to that which inspired previous generations of humanitarian workers. SOS acknowledges the fact that dealing with migration today in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

, a new and optimistic, less direct but technologically updated humanitarianism has confidently stepped forth. More de-risked and requiring less professional expertise than the labour-intensive direct engagement of the past, it is a cheaper Western humanitarianism designed for connectivity rather than circulation. Often called humanitarian innovation ( ALNAP, 2009 ; Betts and Bloom, 2014 ), a feature of this new humanitarianism is its enthusiastic embrace of adaptive design ( Ramalingam et al ., 2014 ; HPG, 2018 ). Moreover, unlike autonomous

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Emmanuelle Strub

managing proof of identity. The idea was not just to better prepare for managing a kidnapping but also to clearly inform volunteers that the risk existed. The resources available when I took the position in early 2012 had not changed since the position was created in 2006. There was one person positioned in the technical support and advocacy department – a department that consisted of about a dozen, mainly medical, technical advisors. And while the department was part of the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

practicality prevents it). This is the same foundational commitment that animates human rights work. The humanist core to both of these forms of social practice is a similar kind of belief in the ultimate priority of moral claims made by human beings as human beings rather than as possessors of any markers of identity or citizenship. What differences exist between humanitarianism and human rights are largely sociological – the contextual specifics of the evolution of two different forms of social activism. I have argued elsewhere, for example, that the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Challenges and opportunities

This book explores the evolving African security paradigm in light of the multitude of diverse threats facing the continent and the international community today and in the decades ahead. It challenges current thinking and traditional security constructs as woefully inadequate to meet the real security concerns and needs of African governments in a globalized world. The continent has becoming increasingly integrated into an international security architecture, whereby Africans are just as vulnerable to threats emanating from outside the continent as they are from home-grown ones. Thus, Africa and what happens there, matters more than ever. Through an in-depth examination and analysis of the continent’s most pressing traditional and non-traditional security challenges—from failing states and identity and resource conflict to terrorism, health, and the environment—it provides a solid intellectual foundation, as well as practical examples of the complexities of the modern African security environment. Not only does it assess current progress at the local, regional, and international level in meeting these challenges, it also explores new strategies and tools for more effectively engaging Africans and the global community through the human security approach.

Nora Siklodi

characteristics of individual Roman citizens (Magnette, 2005: 19). The Middle Ages and Renaissance then highlighted the impact social groups, in particular professional (Weber, 1998: 44) and religious groups (Riesenberg, 1992: 88), can have on identity. In light of the extensive role identity has played in these historical processes of community building, it is then not at all surprising that European identity has been identified as an important component of European integration (Risse, 2010: 39–46). Ongoing debates about the nation state and the EU (Medrano, 2010), the fluid

in The European Union and its eastern neighbourhood
Cerwyn Moore

Russian federation but it also highlighted the challenge to the single politico-cultural identity emanating from the state’s bounded territorial space.46 In the 1990s it had become commonplace in the Russian domestic media to present Chechen separatism in stereotypical cultural forms – ‘the Russian professional soldier faces the Chechen bandit’.47 In light of this, interpreting the containment of the domestic ‘other’ in the first Russo-Chechen campaign can be read as an attempt to reconfigure a singular politico-cultural identity of Russia. Indeed, the expurgation of

in Contemporary violence
The Indian diaspora
Sagarika Dutt

practice Hinduism.’ In Indochina the kingdoms of Fu-nan, Champa, Kambujadesa (Kampuchea),Angkor and Laos were also greatly influenced by Indian culture and civilization. However, mass migration of people from the Indian subcontinent began only in the nineteenth century. Narayan, as well as the RHLCID, notes that the nineteenth and early part of the twentieth centuries witnessed unprecedented emigration of indentured and other labourers, traders, professionals and employees of the British government to the British, French, Dutch and Portuguese colonies in Asia

in India in a globalized world
Sanctuary and security in Toronto, Canada
Graham Hudson

, evidencing what Didier Bigo calls a ‘field of the security professionals’ – a transnational social space that stretches across jurisdictional and institutional boundaries and hosts interactions among professionals with shared identities, understandings, and roles in the ‘management of fear and unease’ (Bigo, 2002 : 65, 74–75). But it is not just security professionals we have to worry about. Local actors in schools, hospitals, shelters, and other institutions participate in security work, drawing on common ideological and normative sources that support illusory boundaries

in Sanctuary cities and urban struggles
Cerwyn Moore

Raid and Prisoner in the Caucasus distinctive characteristics of Russian and Caucasian highlander identity come to the fore. By employing fiction as a means of representing these characteristics, the short story and the folklore tale provide a way into interpreting culturally specific forms of identity. Similarly in Serbia – and more generally in many oral Slavic traditions – professional singers were viewed as traditional public storytellers, recounting heroic deeds and evoking history. These heroic songs formed the basis of what would later become epic poems known

in Contemporary violence