was in fact a case of
Chechens, as is made clear in later reports, settled at Ras ul-Ayn at
the end of the nineteenth century by Sultan Abdul Hamid II, when a
station was built there on the Baghdad railway.
Türkei, ‘183/38, A27200’, in Lepsius, Archives du génocide, pp.
203–5. This information is matched by the overall report drafted
by the American consul J. B. Jackson: US National Archives, State
Department, Record Group 59, 867.4016/373, report of 4 March 1918,
published in Sarafian, United States Official Documents, vol. 1, pp.
148–9. The information is
-located much of their operations to the new campus.
The old campus is situated adjacent to the small village of Tilonia. The village
itself contains two elementary schools (for students up to the age of fourteen),
one government run, the other an experimental school run by the Barefoot College
for children of the College staff,9 several tea shops, two small grocery stores
providing basic household goods (noodles, biscuits, cigarettes, stationery, medical
supplies and sweets), a railwaystation served by local trains and a Hindu temple
that offers a good view of the village
How grave robbers, activists, and foreigners ended official silence about Stalin’s mass graves near Kiev
Karel C. Berkhoff
glasnost (openness or transparency), the publicity was followed by rapid action by state and civil actors. Articles by foreign
correspondents who visited Bykivnia added to the pressure. On
5 December, half a century after the Great Terror, Criminal Case
50–0092 was opened to investigate the killings.55
A meeting by Memorial and other activists at the House of
Cinema on 6 December demanded an end to the construction of a
railwaystation; a truthful memorial; dismissal of Hladush from the
government commission; and a board of advisors with people recommended by civil
photographed the banal architecture of surveillance: blank-surfaced round surveillance cameras hanging from
above in university campuses and privatised shopping areas, passcodeprotected gates and doors that close spaces off to those without the
data, and railwaystation turnstiles with RFID readers that collect data
on who passes.
But many of these installations are inscrutable on their own. It is
impossible to know whether the camera is functioning, or how the
RFID transport data is packaged up and sold – much less to whom.
The frustration at the unknowable and inscrutable