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, and then to exploit a freedom of movement denied any rebellious parties. Accordingly, the great cities were linked with military cantonments, escorts were provided for railway construction gangs, 9 and provision was made to bolster the security of railway lines, bridges, tunnels and stations. While such measures were imperative on politically sensitive routes, such as the Amritsar-Delhi railway, and on key facilities like

in Engines for empire
The short history of Indian doctors in the Colonial Medical Service, British East Africa

construction project in the region, the Uganda Railway – stretching from the coastal city of Mombasa to the edges of inland Lake Victoria. 15 At the formation of the IBEAC the directors had positioned themselves on this issue: The question of immigration from India appears to the Directors to be of great importance, with a view to

in Beyond the state
Missions, the colonial state and constructing a health system in colonial Tanganyika

expansion of missions in Tanganyika, spreading out from the littoral in the second half of the nineteenth century, mission stations remained isolated from one another. Lacking a single forum in which they could pool experiences and aspirations, belonging to different faith traditions and coming from a range of European and North American countries, missions operated as the largely individual, atomised units

in Beyond the state

and facilities came under attack. In June, supporters of the Maulvi Liaquat Alia, who had proclaimed a jihad against the Christians, destroyed a station, a locomotive and carriage shops in the Allahabad district. At Barawi, some 37 km distant, railway staff and their families took refuge in a dry water tanks and held off attacks from rebels for over thirty hours before relief arrived from Allahabad. Even more dramatically an engineer

in Engines for empire
The South African War, 1899–1902

illustrious citizen, Cecil J. Rhodes, and its railway connection over 1,041 km to Cape Town. Although the town had prepared elaborate defences, large numbers of refugees fleeing from the Boer republics became trapped in Kimberley, and so the local railway manager sought to boost the store of foodstuffs by retrieving a large consignment of flour from the nearby Modder River station. As one of the refugees, J. Fred Byrne, a former rugby

in Engines for empire

run more trains per day because they possessed a greater proportion of double-track lines, more rolling stock, and a larger capacity (for unloading) at their railway stations. Elements of their forces actually reached the frontier first in July 1870 but, as the French tried to save time by combining mobilization and concentration, massive confusion ensued. The Prussians and the armies of the southern German states had

in Engines for empire
Abstract only
The army and railways

relatively rapid penetration by the military and/or the police. Yet railway movements were hardly a panacea. As the Horse Guards began moving larger bodies of soldiers by rail, often from the southern counties to the Midlands and the northern counties, the railway stations became the focal point for demonstrations, and the track and property of the railway companies became targets for attack. On 13 August 1842, when 700 Grenadier Guardsmen and

in Engines for empire
Abstract only
Railways and the preparation for war, 1914

which the railway arrangements of France in 1870 had descended into chaos by comparison with the ‘stringent regulations’ employed by the Germans. In time of war, reckoned Girouard, paramount authority had to reside with a director of railways and his associates in their particular stations or districts. ‘Civil railway officials’, he observed, ‘have been heard to say that attacks by the enemy on the line are not nearly so

in Engines for empire

Bank Holidays Act (1871), when rail companies had so much civilian traffic that they could refuse to convey the volunteers. Yet special arrangements were still made, not least in Scotland, where the marches of volunteers to railway stations, their assembly at those stations and their subsequent return often proved memorable occasions, reviving displays of popular enthusiasm for the volunteer movement. Brigadier J. H. A

in Engines for empire

this data, though, concealed the extraordinary vulnerability of the railhead as it pressed forward across a desolate and barren landscape under the ceaseless pressure of a tropical sun. The canvas town of 2,500 inhabitants, complete with station, stores, canteen, post office, telegraph office and a reserve of 10,000 gallons of water, depended entirely upon a single railway track to survive and function. Every morning a

in Engines for empire