Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order

worldview – where the suffering of strangers is a matter of concern, and a legitimate ground for principled intervention, for everyone – that humanitarianism and human rights enjoy full legitimacy. They are both morally grounded by the same ends, ends that have thrived under US-led liberal order for four decades (reaching their zenith from 1991 to 2011). During this time, both humanitarianism and human rights have provided a seemingly non-political (or perhaps ‘political’ not ‘Political’) outlet for religious and secular activists, many from the left

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

Introduction This strategy is guided by principled realism. It is realist because it acknowledges the central role of power in international politics, affirms that sovereign states are the best hope for a peaceful world, and clearly defines our national interests… We are also realistic and understand that the American way of life cannot be imposed upon others, nor is it the inevitable culmination of progress . The White House, ‘National Security Strategy of the United States of America’ ( The White House, 2017 ) The White House published the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Focus on Community Engagement

Leone. There were significant regional and national differences in local health and economic needs, national histories and authorities’ handling of community engagement. However, our comparative approach also illustrates how, across the three countries, social life, communal trust and political legitimacy worked around, through and in conflict with formal and informal community engagement interventions and local leadership structures. The narratives we present below reveal the restricted range of options for humanitarian NGOs and state representatives in encounters

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction

. Globalisation has uprooted people symbolically as well as materially. A growing ‘impulse’ for social protection has received little response from the receding welfare state. 3 In the absence of an economic resolution, the assertion of cultural sovereignty has become a fuite en arrière – a retreat, to nostalgic fantasies of grandeur, fascistic tropes of national belonging and religious fundamentalisms. 4 Ressentiment has given rise to diverse anti-modern social phenomena, from ISIS to the Tea Party to the Hindu nationalist movement associated with

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles

conflict towards total war in a collection of writings published at the end of his life, presciently entitled L’Avenir sanglant (the bloody future). We know what happened to humanitarian norms during what historian Eric Hobsbawm dubbed the ‘age of extremes’, with its colonial massacres, world wars, genocides, civil wars and concentration camps. If there was ever a time in history where there was no regard for either the principle of mercy or the value of human life, it was the ‘short twentieth century’ (1914–91) – far more than the last thirty years. The supposed

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

, and the two may be in use at the same time. But it may not debase or devalue the former currency so as to injure the economic life of the occupied territory or enhance its own at that territory’s expense. The local economy may be required to bear only the expense of the occupation, and only to the extent that this can be reasonably expected of it. 21 Problems may arise, as happened in Bosnia, after the

in The contemporary law of armed conflict

Rousseau.  4 Pádraic Pearse, Collected Works of Pádraic H. Pearse: Political Writings and Speeches (Dublin, 1916), 263.  5 Tom Garvin, Nationalist Revolutionaries in Ireland: 1858–1928 (New York, 1987), 108.  6 Darrell Figgis, The Gaelic State in the Past and Future (Dublin, 1917), 17.  3 78 Themes and influences a motif which ran through Irish separatist thought, from Theobald Wolfe Tone through to the Irish state-builders. The fact that they could locate it in the Gaelic state was an added advantage. Another facet of life in Gaelic Ireland which appealed to the

in Drafting the Irish Free State Constitution

to secure his written and signed statement to that effect. 23 A necessary surgical amputation does not amount to mutilation and, while experiments are forbidden, if the treatment is new and the only way to save the patient’s life it would not be forbidden if in accordance with applicable medical standards. 24 If a belligerent is compelled to abandon the wounded and

in The contemporary law of armed conflict

other similar criteria. To this end the following are at any time and in any place prohibited with regard to such persons: violence to life and person, in particular murder of all kinds, cruel treatment and torture; taking of hostages; outrages upon personal

in The contemporary law of armed conflict
Abstract only

-international conflict civilians are protected by Article 3 of the Convention, which is common to all the 1949 Conventions and applies to civilians as well as those hors de combat . This embodies the minimum principles of humanitarian law, forbidding violence to life and person, particularly murder, mutilation, cruelty and torture; hostage taking; 15 outrages on personal dignity, especially humiliating and degrading

in The contemporary law of armed conflict