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Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

worldview – where the suffering of strangers is a matter of concern, and a legitimate ground for principled intervention, for everyone – that humanitarianism and human rights enjoy full legitimacy. They are both morally grounded by the same ends, ends that have thrived under US-led liberal order for four decades (reaching their zenith from 1991 to 2011). During this time, both humanitarianism and human rights have provided a seemingly non-political (or perhaps ‘political’ not ‘Political’) outlet for religious and secular activists, many from the left

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
José Luís Fiori

Introduction This strategy is guided by principled realism. It is realist because it acknowledges the central role of power in international politics, affirms that sovereign states are the best hope for a peaceful world, and clearly defines our national interests… We are also realistic and understand that the American way of life cannot be imposed upon others, nor is it the inevitable culmination of progress . The White House, ‘National Security Strategy of the United States of America’ ( The White House, 2017 ) The White House published the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez and Sylvain Landry B. Faye

engagement. However, our comparative approach also illustrates how, across the three countries, social life, communal trust and political legitimacy worked around, through and in conflict with formal and informal community engagement interventions and local leadership structures. The narratives we present below reveal the restricted range of options for humanitarian NGOs and state representatives in encounters, which can have significant consequences both for communities and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction
Juliano Fiori

. Globalisation has uprooted people symbolically as well as materially. A growing ‘impulse’ for social protection has received little response from the receding welfare state. 3 In the absence of an economic resolution, the assertion of cultural sovereignty has become a fuite en arrière – a retreat, to nostalgic fantasies of grandeur, fascistic tropes of national belonging and religious fundamentalisms. 4 Ressentiment has given rise to diverse anti-modern social phenomena, from ISIS to the Tea Party to the Hindu nationalist movement associated with

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

, far from being a timeless good, are not immune to prevailing stereotypes or political power relationships. As a treaty aimed at an emblematic nineteenth-century battle was being signed, the conflicts and massacres of civil wars and imperial conquests were foreshadowing the twentieth century’s mechanised and industrialised total wars. Dunant himself anticipated the evolution of armed conflict towards total war in a collection of writings published at the end of his life, presciently

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Challenges and opportunities

This book explores the evolving African security paradigm in light of the multitude of diverse threats facing the continent and the international community today and in the decades ahead. It challenges current thinking and traditional security constructs as woefully inadequate to meet the real security concerns and needs of African governments in a globalized world. The continent has becoming increasingly integrated into an international security architecture, whereby Africans are just as vulnerable to threats emanating from outside the continent as they are from home-grown ones. Thus, Africa and what happens there, matters more than ever. Through an in-depth examination and analysis of the continent’s most pressing traditional and non-traditional security challenges—from failing states and identity and resource conflict to terrorism, health, and the environment—it provides a solid intellectual foundation, as well as practical examples of the complexities of the modern African security environment. Not only does it assess current progress at the local, regional, and international level in meeting these challenges, it also explores new strategies and tools for more effectively engaging Africans and the global community through the human security approach.

Abstract only
Edwin Bacon, Bettina Renz and Julian Cooper

where registration with the authorities was a familiar requirement in many areas of life, including religion. Alongside the registration of religious associations from 1997 onwards, a process of the re-registration of all ‘public associations’ was required by 1 July 1999, under the terms of the 1995 Law On Public Associations.33 Although only introduced in 1995, this law has been superseded by at least two other important pieces of legislation since then, as well as sharing common elements with the 1997 law on religion. When it was drawn up, the Law On Public

in Securitising Russia
Catholic human rights discourse in Northern Ireland in the 1980s
Maria Power

rights to life and worthy standard of living, including rights to proper development of life and to basic security (§11). • The rights of cultural and moral values, including freedom to search for and express opinions, freedom of information, and right to education (§ 12–13). • Rights to religion and conscience (§14). • Rights to choose one’s state in life, including rights to establish a family and pursue a religious vocation (§15–16). • Economic rights, including right to work, to a just and sufficient wage, and to hold private property (§18–22). CATHOLIC HUMAN

in Theories of International Relations and Northern Ireland
Julia Gallagher

describes a utopia beyond human life, and reaches past human messiness towards it. In the return to Eden, for example, we see a relinquishment of humanity to a higher good: either a religious good or a rational scheme as suggested by Enlightenment thinkers. Charles Fourier, for example, advocated a utopia that allows us to plug into a higher ­rationality which will create an order that overcomes human frailty. Having relinquished the wickedness of our ways, we become subject to a universal order (Fourier, 1971). The controlling or radically rationalist utopian idealises

in Britain and Africa under Blair
Abstract only
Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

is that all conflict in Africa is tribal or that “tribal conflicts are fragmenting Africa’s nations” with the unspoken acceptance that identity-related violence is simply a way of life.2 “It is Africa, after all,” so goes the common refrain. This dismissive and simpleminded view not only ignores the complex nature of African conflict, but excuses the political 36 African security in the twenty-first century and economic culpability critical to fueling and sustaining the problem of ethnic, racial, religious, sectarian, or communal violence across the continent

in African security in the twenty-first century