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The John Rylands Library houses one of the finest collections of rare books, manuscripts and archives in the world. The collections span five millennia and cover a wide range of subjects, including art and archaeology; economic, social, political, religious and military history; literature, drama and music; science and medicine; theology and philosophy; travel and exploration. For over a century, the Bulletin of the John Rylands Library has published research that complements the Library's special collections.

Burials, body parts and bones in the earlier Upper Palaeolithic
Erik Trinkaus, Sandra Sázelová and Jiří Svoboda

The rich earlier Mid Upper Palaeolithic (Pavlovian) sites of Dolní Vĕstonice I and II and Pavlov I (∼32,000–∼30,000 cal BP) in southern Moravia (Czech Republic) have yielded a series of human burials, isolated pairs of extremities and isolated bones and teeth. The burials occurred within and adjacent to the remains of structures (‘huts’), among domestic debris. Two of them were adjacent to mammoth bone dumps, but none of them was directly associated with areas of apparent discard (or garbage). The isolated pairs and bones/teeth were haphazardly scattered through the occupation areas, many of them mixed with the small to medium-sized faunal remains, from which many were identified post-excavation. It is therefore difficult to establish a pattern of disposal of the human remains with respect to the abundant evidence for site structure at these Upper Palaeolithic sites. At the same time, each form of human preservation raises questions about the differential mortuary behaviours, and hence social dynamics, of these foraging populations and how we interpret them through an archaeological lens.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Managing madness in early nineteenth-century asylums

An archaeology of lunacy examines the historic lunatic asylum from an interdisciplinary perspective, employing methods drawn from archaeology, social geography, and history to create a holistic view of the built heritage of the asylum as a distinctive building type. In the popular imagination, historic lunatic asylums were dark, monolithic, and homogenous, instruments for social confinement and punishment. This book aims to redress this historical reputation, showing how the built environment and material worlds of lunatic asylums were distinctive and idiosyncratic – and highly regional. They were also progressive spaces and proving grounds of architectural experimentation, where the reformed treatment practices known as moral management were trialled and refined. The standing remains of the nineteenth-century lunatic asylum system represent a unique opportunity to study a building-type in active transition, both materially and ideologically. When they were constructed, asylums were a composite of reform ideals, architectural materials, and innovative design approaches. An archaeological study of these institutions can offer a materially focused examination of how the buildings worked on a daily basis. This study combines critical analysis of the architecture, material remains, and historical documentary sources for lunatic asylums in England and Ireland. Students and scholars of later historical archaeology and built heritage will find the book a useful overview of this institutional site type, while historians of medicine will find the focus on interior design and architecture of use. The general public, for whom asylums frequently represent shadowy ruins or anonymous redevelopments, may be interested in learning more about the buildings.

Re-thinking Ludwik Fleck’s concept of the thought-collective according to the case of Serbian archaeology
Monika Milosavljević

, Fleck’s concepts are better fitted to taking into account nuances within change ROBERTS 9781526134554 PRINT.indd 14 03/12/2019 08:56 How archaeological communities think15 that do not correspond to overarching paradigms within larger narrative scopes. Fleck accounts for change as a continual process rather than a single event, and incorporates the social group’s role in such changes (Brorson and Anderson, 2001). That said, Fleck’s theories by themselves are not theoretically sufficient to cover all issues arising when examining shifts in thought. This chapter

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Open Access (free)
The first Dutch excavation in Italy, 1952–58
Arthur Weststeijn and Laurien de Gelder

contains a rich collection of institutional correspondence, maps and decrees related to the Santa Prisca excavations.2 These archives not only allow for a thorough reconstruction of the two phases of the excavation, but also hold the key to the understanding of the dynamics of the social, cultural and political contexts within which Dutch archaeological fieldwork abroad took wing in the 1950s. Our approach to these diverse legacy data starts from the perspective that they contain information about the historical development of archaeological practice, thus making the non-archaeological

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
The permeable clusters of Hanna Rydh
Elisabeth Arwill-Nordbladh

circle. The theme of the present discussion is Hanna’s encounter with some social and professional networks of the 1920s, namely a national and transnational circle promoting women’s emancipation, a specific research milieu in the French archaeological national museum at SaintGermaine-en-Laye near Paris, and the scholarly cluster of the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities in Stockholm. The main result of her stay in Paris was a book about Palaeolithic cave art, favourably received by Swedish readers (Rydh, 1926a). A few years later she wrote two articles about ceramics

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Abstract only
Paul Edmondson, Kevin Colls and William Mitchell

The closest Shakespeare comes to depicting an archaeological excavation is the clearing of a space for Ophelia’s grave. Hamlet looks on (with Horatio), appalled at the matter-of-factness with which the two clownish gravediggers set about their task: skulls ‘knocked about the mazard with a sexton’s spade ... Did these bones cost no more the breeding but to play at loggats

in Finding Shakespeare’s New Place
Abstract only
Katherine Fennelly

concerned with the material legacy of social life. Archaeologists record the ways in which routine and ritual are carried out, changed, and abandoned over time, tracking the movement of people through landscapes using the things they leave behind. Archaeologists are thus well-placed to inform on changes in a busy landand task-scape like the historic lunatic asylum. Lunatic asylums are rich archaeological sites, encompassing both buildings and landscapes, and can inform on the social, political, and economic life of the period in which they were built. Changes to the

in An archaeology of lunacy
Interactional strategies in late-nineteenth-century Classical archaeology: the case of Adolf Furtwängler
Ulf R. Hansson

that they had heard so much about. A French colleague complained ironically (or sarcastically) that one had to book seats well in advance if one wanted to attend (Reinach, 1907a). Social gatherings, especially the Berlin salons, but even his wife’s cultural soirées in Munich, invariably made him uneasy (Curtius, 1958: 215). ROBERTS 9781526134554 PRINT.indd 134 03/12/2019 08:56 ‘More feared than loved’135 7.2  Adolf Furtwängler with fellow members of the Bureaux et Comité Executif at the First International Congress of Archaeology in Athens 1905. Comptes rendus du

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
José López Mazz

strategy that we know from archaeological and ethnographic research has existed in this region since the first millennium BC.3 A full repertoire of violent pre-Columbian practices that included scalping, displaying severed heads (as trophies), cannibalism, and the dismemberment of bodies has been recorded in research from the field of prehistory4 and from ethnographic studies of the eighteenth through to the twentieth century.5 Significant levels of violence and social conflict emerged among the pre- and proto-historic peoples living in the lowlands of eastern Uruguay

in Human remains and identification