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Andrew Whiting

science. Fourth, the chapter will reflect on the industry that makes up the focus of this study by exploring the prevalence of embedded experts within private companies, such as those that make up the focus of my empirical analysis. Finally, the chapter will offer reflections on methodology and method and address some questions that present when conducting a Foucauldian-inspired discourse analysis as I have here. We begin, then, with power and security, both essentially contested concepts and concepts of importance across the social sciences. Given the

in Constructing cybersecurity
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Claire Sutherland

morality and government. Reduced to puppets of the French, subsequent emperors lost any remaining credibility. In time, the scholar-intellectuals once deemed worthy of the highest respect became as outdated as the court they served, to be replaced by a younger generation with a new-fangled education and no socially entrenched right to be heard. Nonetheless, they raided the past for the symbolic right to influence Vietnam’s future

in Soldered states
Sagarika Dutt

visited India and India’s travel and tourism industry was expected to generate 2 per cent of GDP and 11 million jobs (Business India, 8–21 December 2003). Indus Valley Civilization The recorded history of India begins with the Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) which was a pre-Aryan, possibly Dravidian, civilization.2 Archaeological excavations at Harappa on the east bank of the river Ravi in the Punjab and Mohenjodaro further south have revealed that this civilization existed between 2500–1600 BC (Wolpert, 1993: 14). Since the boundary between India and Pakistan came

in India in a globalized world
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Claire Sutherland

elements of historical fact and legendary elaboration to create an overriding bond and commitment for the community’. He also highlighted the importance of myths in creating ‘ethnic boundaries’ to delimit a sense of belonging and otherness. Alan Nothnagle (1993, 93) adds that myths are important for passing on social and cultural norms, as well as simplifying complex events into an easily understood, explanatory narrative. Above

in Soldered states
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Ahmad H. Sa’di

doubt on the naturalness of the official order in which the Palestinians are presented as a mosaic of insular minorities. The aim of this chapter is to deconstruct this order and unveil the role that state power has played, through deliberate planning and direct action, in engineering a social order where ‘ethnic’ categories have been presented as the central or the only form of identification for Palestinians. This constructed order is premised on two representations of the Palestinians: as non-Jews and as a collection of minorities. This balkanized group structure

in Thorough surveillance
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Claire Sutherland

soldiers and war dead. To some extent, these emerging alternatives are shaped by transnational tourism, international diplomacy (Kennedy & Williams 2001 ), cosmopolitan capital and the technological and social effects of globalisation (Sklair 2006 , 22). Museum exhibits are thus one example of how socialist realism, together with related understandings of science and art as serving country and communism, compete with so

in Soldered states
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Claire Sutherland

under Nazi rule, Länder education ministries approved appropriate texts from the 1870s onwards, although there was not always a specific history text available (Kennedy 2006 , 148). In some cases, particularly Prussia, history books explicitly condemned socialist principles, but this was to change during the Weimar republic, when they began to discuss Marx and the genesis of the social democratic – but not

in Soldered states
Constance Duncombe

narrative of past glories relating to Iran's Aryan and pre-Islamic Persian heritage that reinforced its imperial foundations. 6 Iran possessed a historical legacy that rivalled all others, and through its heritage Iran possessed the ideological foundations to build a modern nation-state. The shahs used the past glories of the Persian Empire to reinforce the political and social significance of modernisation for the ‘next step’ in the history of Iran. Modernisation provided a clear direction for the development of Iran, the means to becoming a powerful

in Representation, recognition and respect in world politics
Constance Duncombe

other claims identity evolves through conscious political pressures. 4 Nevertheless, these two positions share the same basic principle – that identity construction is dependent on an Other. Identity manifests through methods of exclusion. 5 Self and Other are not separate-yet-equal entities – they exist within a hierarchical relationship of dependence. 6 Henri Tajfel's social identity theory (SIT) is an important intervention into the debate between evolutionary and social construction of identity. 7 Rejecting the

in Representation, recognition and respect in world politics