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theory is an approach based on the ‘transcendental turn’ in modern philosophy in which focus moves from ‘facts’ to the conditions in which these facts are made possible (Laclau, 1990: 431). More specifically, discourse theory is interested in the meaning of facts, rather than their mere existence. In discourse theory, meaning is considered to be relevant at two levels: the interpretation of the facts by actors and, secondly, the way that the social world is consequently constituted. The focus on meaning and interpretation in discourse theory places it in the

in Irish nationalism and European integration
Place, space and discourse
Editors: Christine Agius and Dean Keep

Identity is often regarded as something that is possessed by individuals, states, and other agents. In this edited collection, identity is explored across a range of approaches and under-explored case studies with a view to making visible its fractured, contingent, and dynamic features. The book brings together themes of belonging and exclusion, identity formation and fragmentation. It also examines how identity functions in discourse, and the effects it produces, both materially and in ideational terms. Taking in case studies from Asia-Pacific, Europe, the Middle East and Latin America, the various chapters interrogate identity through formal governing mechanisms, popular culture and place. These studies demonstrate the complex and fluid nature of identity and identity practices, as well as implications for theorising identity.

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, political leaders in Ireland had become adept at employing descriptors of nation-statehood that enabled it to become modernised, globalised, renewed. Of specific significance in this process of redefinition has been Ireland’s membership of the European Union. This, it shall be argued, provided both the practical means and the conceptual tools for the nation-state to remain not just M1634 - HAYWARD TEXT.qxp:ANDY Q7 2 27/1/09 13:23 Page 2 Irish nationalism and European integration relevant but crucial in a changing political, social and economic environment. This, as

in Irish nationalism and European integration

the national territory reflect different notions of nation-statehood (Penrose, 2002). State Bassin (2001) notes that national territory is deliberately defined in a way that animates the national priorities of the state. This relates to the fact that the process of state-building in the modern era was directly linked to the creation of territorialised social relations as well as the politicisation of national identity (Hall, 1995: 22). For the economic, social and political factors associated with modernisation reflect increased awareness of territoriality as a

in Irish nationalism and European integration
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A new Scotland in a changing Europe

continue being disappointed. A more general disillusion with devolution and the devolved institutions is also evident across Scottish society and does not bode well for those who would like to gain more self-government. While the European dimension still offers theoretical incentives to acquire statehood, these are likely to be outweighed for the foreseeable future by powerful constraints. Devolution six years on Devolution has given Scotland the degree of self-government many of its citizens desired for a long time. As

in Between two Unions
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Modernity, welfare state and Eutopia

. (Josipovici, 2010 : 2) 4 Habermas’s writings, it is worth noting, prescribe some form of statehood as a terminus for the European project: an article on the Irish rejection of the Lisbon Treaty, for example, reiterated the need for a ‘cautious harmonization of tax and economic policy, and the gradual assimilation of social security systems within the EU’ (Habermas, 2008a : 2). Drawing on the sozialstaat concepts of TCA and BFN, neither Eriksen and Fossum ( 2000 , 2005) nor the

in Habermas and European integration

’ War (1618–48) and the wars of religion. Westphalia established the key principle of modern statehood: sovereignty . sovereignty The distinguishing characteristic of the state. Sovereignty is the right to have absolute and unlimited power, either legal or political, within the territory of a state. After around 1500, European expansion

in Understanding political ideas and movements

government (Executive Council) perceived that it had more to gain than to lose from agreements that accepted the existence of partition. Thus, the six counties were excluded from the practice, if not the rhetoric, of Irish nation-statehood in the interests of internal cohesion, development and stability. For example, the Free State was relieved of its share of the British national debt in return for sacrificing its right (bestowed by Article 12 of the Anglo-Irish Treaty) to demand a readjustment of the border (O’Halloran, 1987: 60). The official Report of the Boundary

in Irish nationalism and European integration

M1634 - HAYWARD TEXT.qxp:ANDY Q7 27/1/09 13:23 Page 189 8 Governance, state and polity This chapter examines the conceptualisation of ‘governance’ in Irish official discourse in relation to both the Irish ‘state’ and the European ‘polity’. ‘State’ and ‘polity’ constitute the broad conceptual and institutional supporting frameworks for the meaning and significance of governance in nation-statehood and European Union respectively. The traditional narrative of the state is national self-determination, i.e. quest of the nation to decide and direct its own forms

in Irish nationalism and European integration
The ‘drift’ phenomenon in the ‘free Tibet’ and global warming campaigns

opposed constructions of reality’.1 Given this binary framing, it comes as no great shock that more than five decades of campaigning has failed to result in concessions from Beijing on the subject of Tibetan independence. While aspirations of statehood have existed in the territory since well before the Republican period, the calls of ‘free Tibet’ activists for self-​determination since the PRC’s formal takeover in 1959 have 106 106  The advocacy trap been repeatedly rebuffed and demonized by the communists as the machinations of foreign anti-​Chinese conspirators

in The advocacy trap