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Haematophilic Semiotics in Tru(e) Blood
Xavier Aldana Reyes

This article analyses the role of blood in the American series True Blood. It opens with a reassessment of sexual readings of vampires that complements previous work on their metaphorical significance for Queer Studies and focuses on the complex AIDS burger sequence,in Season One. The article then explores how artificial blood, ‘TruBlood’, may function as a radical attack on vampires which mirrors how commodity culture has adapted to suit the needs of marginal communities. Lastly, the article turns to non-genetic blood ties to show how ‘true’,blood (i.e. personal or individual) is the only substance that actually unites creatures in the series.

Gothic Studies
Abstract only
Western science or racist mythology?
Rosalind J. Harrison-Chirimuuta

. Is this because AIDS is just a more difficult problem than medical science has dealt with before, but with persistence will be conquered, or could there be something fundamentally wrong with the scientific investigation of the illness? In this chapter I endeavour to examine the AIDS science that claims that AIDS originated in Africa and the possibly racist underpinnings of this science. I discuss the alternative

in Western medicine as contested knowledge
Nicole Vitellone

5 AIDS, pornography and the condom In the previous chapters I discussed the impact of the mass media, school-based sex education and the social sciences in producing knowledge of the condom and (hetero)sexuality. In this chapter I consider the impact of social and cultural theory in the context of AIDS. I do so in relation to theories of pornography from the 1980s and 1990s. Addressing accounts of eroticised images of safer sex, this chapter aims to make explicit that, while there is much debate as to the effects of cultural representations and their

in Object matters
Edward Ashbee

TBA_C03.qxd 08/02/2007 11:20 AM Page 74 3 Gay rights, same-sex marriage and AIDS As the 2000 presidential election approached, George W. Bush’s gubernatorial record in Texas gave rise to mixed feelings among gay and lesbian campaigners. It seemed to have a contradictory character. At times, Bush and some of the other Republican governors appeared to be differentiating themselves from the Christian right by downplaying moral concerns and condemning the politics of ‘divisiveness’ (see pages 63– 4). In April 1999, Bush refused to join those Senate Republicans

in The Bush administration, sex and the moral agenda
An introduction
Nicole Vitellone

1 AIDS, the condom and the history of heterosexuality: an introduction Before her death in 1990 Linda Singer made a number of observations regarding the nature of power, control and regulation in relation to sexuality. Comparing the social context of the 1980s with the 1960s she noted specific changes in the history of sexuality. This includes a shift from sexual revolution and a ‘politics of ecstasy’ to sexual epidemic and a ‘recessionary erotic economy’ (1993: 116). For Singer the former can be characterised by ‘a revolutionary transformation of sexual theory

in Object matters
A Realistic Ambition?
Pierre Mendiharat, Elba Rahmouni, and Léon Salumu

Despite a concerted international effort in recent decades that has yielded significant progress in the fight against HIV/AIDS, the disease continues to kill large numbers of people, especially in certain regions like rural Ndhiwa district in Homa Bay County, Kenya. Although there is still no definitive cure or vaccine, UNAIDS has set an ambitious goal of ending the epidemic by 2030, specifically via its 90-90-90 (treatment cascade) strategy – namely that 90 per cent of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Brendan T. Lawson

the humanitarian field? One answer can be found through an engagement with quantitative governance. Numbers legitimise intervention and to confer trust to the organisations producing and communicating them. Put another way, quantification aids ‘humanitarian governance’ ( Barnett, 2013 ) in determining who is trusted to act, in what context they can act and how they can act. Strand 2: Humanitarian Governance Quantification has been shown to facilitate a

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

. , 2015 ). In 2015, pollution was responsible for ‘three times more deaths than from AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria combined and fifteen times more than from all wars and other forms of violence’ ( Landrigan et al. , 2017 : 1). The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) ( Smith et al. , 2014 ) published an evidence-based health-risk and hazard-management blueprint to prepare for climate change. The burden of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
1980–2000
Dominique Marshall

many were trained in photojournalism ( Bramley, 2017 ). Reach and Size of the Educational Program: A View from the Postal Room To disseminate teaching aids, CIDA deployed at high cost a large network of postal distribution, towards hundreds of Canadian schools, at all levels of education. At his arrival at CIDA in 1990, the Distribution Clerk, Marc Rockbrune, was part of the Public Affairs Communications Service, a team which received subscriptions from individuals, public libraries, and, mainly, order forms filled by educators ( Figures 2a and 2b ). Clerks

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

shows that the former can be broken down into a number of non-exclusive categories: demographic (women and children, children under five or, more rarely, the elderly), social (a discriminated-against minority, a disadvantaged stratum of society or a so-called ‘vulnerable’ group), medical (injured people who can be successfully operated on or patients with a specific condition such as trachoma, AIDS, malnutrition, etc.), organisational (safe drinking water, food, shelter

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs