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The negotiation of belonging and family life
Liam Coakley

3995 Migrations.qxd:text 5/8/13 11:39 Page 132 7 African migrants in Ireland: the negotiation of belonging and family life Liam Coakley Introduction The migration flows that transformed Ireland from a country of emigrants to an attractive site of immigration between 1997 and 2007 have recently been reversed. As a consequence, Ireland is again best seen as a peripheral emigrant nursery in the globalized world economy, with Irish population patterns once again moulded more significantly by the outflow of Irish-born people than by any equivalent inflow of

in Migrations
The everyday lives of African migrants
Authors: Mark Maguire and Fiona Murphy

During the past fifteen years, many thousands of people have passed through the Irish asylum system, especially migrants from Africa. Public debates in Ireland, in common with other EU Member States, have been framed by ‘integration’ discourse. However, not enough is known about lived experiences of integration, especially among former asylum seekers and their families. This book builds on several years of in-depth ethnographic research to provide a striking portrait of the integration experiences of African migrants in Dundalk, Drogheda and Dublin. The book draws on contemporary anthropological theory to explore labour integration, civic and political participation, religion, education and youth identity. The stories of several key research participants are threaded through the book. The book draws out the rich voices of African migrants who struggle in their everyday lives to overcome racism and exclusion and, yet, are producing new cultural formations and generating reasons for societal hope. Set against the backdrop of a severe economic crisis and the ever-present hand of neo-liberal policies, this book is about everyday struggles and new visions for the future.

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Ireland in a global world
Series: Irish Society

Migration to and from Ireland is often the subject of definitive claims. During the 1980s, migration from Ireland was most commonly described as a brain drain. Despite the constant flows and counterflows, academic studies tend to focus on just one direction of movement, reflecting dominant concerns at particular points in time. The 1950s and the 1980s are characterized as decades of emigration, the Celtic Tiger era as a period of immigration, and the current recession is manifest as a return to mass emigration. This book addresses the three key themes from a variety of spatial, temporal and theoretical perspectives. The theme of networks is addressed. Transnational loyalist networks acted both to facilitate the speaking tours of loyalist speakers and to re-translate the political meanings and messages being communicated by the speakers. The Irish Catholic Church and specifically its re-working of its traditional pastoral, lobbying and development role within Irish emigrant communities, is discussed. By highlighting three key areas such as motives, institutions and strategies, and support infrastructures, the book suggests that the Irish experience offers a nuanced understanding of the different forms of networks that exist between a state and its diaspora, and shows the importance of working to support the self-organization of the diaspora. Perceptions of belonging both pre- and postmigration encouraged ethnographic research in six Direct Provision asylum accommodation centres across Ireland. Finally, the book provides insights into the intersections between 'migrancy' and other social categories including gender, nationality and class/position in the labour hierarchy.

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Mark Maguire and Fiona Murphy

Ireland grew at an astonishing rate: in 1992 there were thirty-nine applications for asylum; in 2001 there were just over 10,000 applications (see Mac Éinrí and White 2008: 3817 Integration, locality 2nd version:Layout 1 2 22/6/12 12:45 Page 2 Integration in Ireland: lives of African migrants 153–154). Initially, neither the requisite legislation nor the resources were in place to ‘manage’ this form of migration, and asylum seekers were perceived to be too close to mainstream welfare and housing provision.1 Moreover, the so-called Celtic Tiger economic boom put

in Integration in Ireland
Sharon Weinblum

2012 and 2015 decisions to return African migrants to their country of origin or to third countries. Against this backdrop, this chapter focuses on the legitimisation of these technologies of blocking and exclusion in the Israeli political discourse. More specifically, through a discourse analysis of political actors’ public speeches and parliamentary debates, I seek to answer the following questions

in Security/ Mobility
Abstract only
Mark Maguire and Fiona Murphy

could catch a gaze as it wandered out to the passing cars to be met and returned in the bewildered looks of motorists. 3817 Integration, locality 2nd version:Layout 1 66 22/6/12 12:45 Page 66 Integration in Ireland: lives of African migrants Pastor Femi’s injunction to remain silent was all but forgotten as the congregation spread out during the long walk to the next site. People introduced themselves, asked politely about one another or, more commonly, they simply moaned about the weather. We continued to walk uphill towards Millmount Fort, which surveys

in Integration in Ireland
Mark Maguire and Fiona Murphy

for generating societal inclusion, Bunmi’s event sent out reassuring signals. This was integration 3817 Integration, locality 2nd version:Layout 1 94 22/6/12 12:45 Page 94 Integration in Ireland: lives of African migrants expressed in a desirable form – an Irish version of integration, celebrated under the cultural star of literature and blessed by a government minister. But should this event be taken as a signal that all is well? The minister cautioned his audience that Ireland must avoid the mistakes made in the UK. His words echoed those of former Minister

in Integration in Ireland
Mark Maguire and Fiona Murphy

candidates’ campaign teams. The different volunteer groups betrayed their curiosity by eyeing one another warily, which had the effect of further enhancing each team’s esprit de corps. Mary, Benedicta’s campaign manager, organised the volunteers each evening, working off an election register 3817 Integration, locality 2nd version:Layout 1 38 22/6/12 12:45 Page 38 Integration in Ireland: lives of African migrants to allocate streets and neighbourhoods to small groups. She grew up in a ‘Fine Gael family’ and was often described as a ‘native of Dundalk.’ She brought

in Integration in Ireland
Mark Maguire and Fiona Murphy

accolades. Then they introduced the eleven contestants one-by-one. The young women crossed the stage wearing shorts and tops in the Nigerian national colours, while the hosts stated their names, ages, courses of study or professional occupations. The young women formed a line and the guests in the room stood silently while Nofe Liberty, the vocalist from the 3817 Integration, locality 2nd version:Layout 1 124 22/6/12 12:45 Page 124 Integration in Ireland: lives of African migrants Dublin-based R&B band Amasis, sung the Nigerian anthem. More applause followed. It

in Integration in Ireland
Mark Maguire and Fiona Murphy

they wish to assess the taxi before they get into it that’s their right. And, until the taxi regulator changes that then it stays as is. (LMFM Podcast, 22 September 2009) 3817 Integration, locality 2nd version:Layout 1 18 22/6/12 12:45 Page 18 Integration in Ireland: lives of African migrants The flames fanned by this exchange spread in the form of a dramatic protest the following day. A large number of drivers assembled outside the LMFM station and a heated debate ensued, which was recorded live from the car park. One driver took the opportunity to challenge

in Integration in Ireland