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Abstract only
Dimitris Dalakoglou

2 The road to Albania In nine days I reached Tepaleen, our journey was much prolonged by the torrents that had fallen from the mountains and intersected the roads. (Lord Byron, letter to his mother, November 12, 1809) Ulysses’ Gaze (1995) is a film by Theo Angelopoulos. It tells the story of a US-based film director, played by Harvey Keitel, who travels around the Balkans in the early 1990s, following in the footsteps of the Manaki Brothers, two pioneers of Balkan filmmaking who documented the people of the region via photographs and film in the early

in The road
Nataša Gregorič Bon

7 Silenced border crossings and gendered material flows in southern Albania Nataša Gregorič Bon My friend Maria and I were sitting on the front porch of the house of the village teacher, Naso, admiring his garden in the spring sun.1 Naso was in the kitchen, preparing a welcome drink (qeras/kerasmo2). Within a few minutes he was in the doorway, holding two glasses of peach juice, which he carefully set on the table in front of us. He smiled and said: When a man is at home alone he brings the drinks in his hands and not on a tray as his wife would do. This is

in Migrating borders and moving times
Abstract only
An ethnography of (im)mobility, space, and cross-border infrastructures in the Balkans

This book is an ethnographic and historical study of the main Albanian-Greek cross-border highway. It is not merely an ethnography on the road but an anthropology of the road. Complex sociopolitical phenomena such as EU border security, nationalist politics, transnational kinship, social–class divisions, or post–cold war capitalism, political transition, and financial crises in Europe—and more precisely in the Balkans—can be seen as phenomena that are paved in and on the cross-border highway. The highway studied is part of an explicit cultural–material nexus that includes elements such as houses, urban architecture, building materials, or vehicles. Yet even the most physically rooted and fixed of these entities are not static, but have fluid and flowing physical materialities. The highway featured in this book helps us to explore anew classical anthropological and sociological categories of analysis in direct reference to the infrastructure. Categories such as the house, domestic life, the city, kinship, money, boundaries, nationalism, statecraft, geographic mobility, and distance, to name but a few, seem very different when seen from or on the road.

A Military Tactic or Collateral Damage?
Abdulkarim Ekzayez and Ammar Sabouni

’, 1 March . www.opcw.org/media-centre/news/2019/03/opcw-issues-fact-finding-mission-report-chemical-weapons-use-allegation (accessed 21 April 2020 ). Patočka , J. ( 2016 ), ‘ Syria Conflict and Chemical Weapons: What is the Reality? ’, Military Medical Science Letters , 85 : 1 , 39 – 43 , doi: 10.31482/mmsl.2016.006 . Physicians for Human Rights ( 1998 ),’ Medical Group Documents Systematic and Pervasive Abuses by Serbs against Albanian Kosovar Health Professionals and Albanian Kosovar Patients ’ ( Boston : PHR ). ( Preliminary report 23

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Law and Politics of Responding to Attacks against Aid Workers
Julia Brooks and Rob Grace

: Hurst ). Mazurana , D. and Donnelly , P. ( 2017 ), Stop the Sexual Assault against Humanitarian and Development Aid Workers Feinstein International Center Somerville, MA . Médecins Sans Frontières International Movement ( 2013 ), Famine and Forced Relocations in Ethiopia 1984–1986 MSF Speaks Out . Médecins Sans Frontières International Movement ( 2014a ), Violence against Kosovar Albanians, NATO’s Intervention 1998–1999 MSF Speaks Out . Médecins Sans Frontières International Movement ( 2014b ), War Crimes and Politics

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

This text focuses on the far right in the Balkan region, i.e., in Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Albania, Bulgaria and Romania. The ideological features, strategy and tactics, internal organization, leadership and collaboration in far right parties are treated under the label "internal supply-side". The "external supply side", then, includes the analysis of political, social, economic, ethno-cultural and international variables. The final chapters deal with voters for the far right, legislative implementation and far right organizations. The analysis of the far right parties in Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Albania, Bulgaria and Romania shows the main factors important for the success of these parties in these countries are: charismatic leadership and strong party organization, the position and strategy of the mainstream parties, the state-building process, a strong national minority or diaspora abroad, electoral design and an international configuration.

Open Access (free)
Albanian society and the quest for independence from statehood in Kosovo and Macedonia
Norbert Mappes-Niediek

5 ‘Freedom!’: Albanian society and the quest for independence from statehood in Kosovo and Macedonia Norbert Mappes-Niediek    of the Albanian conflicts has been widely discussed and documented in numerous publications (see, for example, the Independent International Commission on Kosovo 2000). But to understand the Kosovo and Macedonian wars, one needs to travel up into the mountains south of Vitina, keep on driving even when there is nor more asphalt on the road and enter one of the large compounds in the hills. In S, for example, one would be

in Potentials of disorder
The Albanian mafia
Xavier Raufer

3 A neglected dimension of conflict: the Albanian mafia Xavier Raufer The Albanian mafia: a real mafia at the heart of the Balkans?    of 1999, the Kosovo daily newspaper Koha Ditore decided to break the law of silence: ‘Drugs are flowing into Kosovo where we are witnessing the birth of a powerful mafia network’, the province is gradually becoming ‘a Colombia at the heart of Europe’ (Koha Ditore 23 December 1999). On 10 March 2000 the special UN human rights investigator returned from a ten-day tour of the Balkans. What Jiri Dienstbier said is, if possible

in Potentials of disorder
Dimitris Dalakoglou

categories. (Levi-Strauss 1976, 172, 173) Two more road stories Two road myths provide perhaps the greatest insights into postsocialist, transnational, everyday life in Gjirokastër. One is a tale of loss, the other of uninvited gain. These are the stories about what flows into and out of Albania to and from Greece via the Kakavijë–Gjirokastër highway. I intend to recount the mythology, and to seek its associations with the broader materiality of the highway and the sociopolitical system of reference within which it is embedded (including the highway’s role within the

in The road
Dimitris Dalakoglou

7 Domesticating the road Time, as it were, fuses together with space and flows in it (forming the road); this is the source of the rich metaphorical expansion on the image of the road as a course: “the course of a life,” “to set out on a new course,” “the course of history” and so on; varied and multi-leveled are the ways in which road is turned into a metaphor, but its fundamental pivot is the flow of time. (Bakhtin 1981, 244) However paradoxical it may initially sound, it is possible to claim that houses are the main inflow along the Albanian–Greek cross

in The road