Sir Percy Fitzpatrick, author, politician and landowner, 5
May 1926 1
The theme of anglicisation is a
familiar one throughout late eighteenth and early nineteenth century
British imperial history. For example, after the conquest of Canada in
1760, successive British governments embarked upon a series of spasmodic
and half-hearted policies designed to assimilate French Canadians into
Research on soldier settlement has to be set within the wider history of emigration and immigration. This book examines two parallel but complementary themes: the settlement of British soldiers in the overseas or 'white' dominions, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa, between 1915 and 1930. One must place soldier settlement within the larger context of imperial migration prior to 1914 in order to elicit the changes in attitude and policy which occurred after the armistice. The book discusses the changes to Anglo-dominion relations that were consequent upon the incorporation of British ex-service personnel into several overseas soldier settlement programmes, and unravels the responses of the dominion governments to such programmes. For instance, Canadians and Australians complained about the number of ex-imperials who arrived physically unfit and unable to undertake employment of any kind. The First World War made the British government to commit itself to a free passage scheme for its ex-service personnel between 1914 and 1922. The efforts of men such as L. S. Amery who attempted to establish a landed imperial yeomanry overseas is described. Anglicisation was revived in South Africa after the second Anglo-Boer War, and politicisation of the country's soldier settlement was an integral part of the larger debate on British immigration to South Africa. The Australian experience of resettling ex-servicemen on the land after World War I came at a great social and financial cost, and New Zealand's disappointing results demonstrated the nation's vulnerability to outside economic factors.
schools system in the Highlands therefore used English as the
medium of instruction and state education became a means of anglicisation.
The Act of 1872 and subsequent legislation were clearly significant, but the
historical realities were much more complicated than this plausible version of events
THE LANGUAGE OF THE GAEL
suggests. While the Act was going through Parliament the vocal Gaelic lobby in
Scotland, the Free Church and the Gaelic Societies who had become much more
active in this period, remained unusually silent. This reticence was apparently
, the production and consumption
of the jitterbug was particularly emblematic of the patterns of cultural negotiation
– now well established – that had determined the style and progression of
popular dance since the 1920s.
The popular dance culture that ‘boomed’ during the war was more explicitly
Americanised than what had preceded it, owing to the presence of large numbers
of American servicemen in Britain, and the craze for the jitterbug. Commercial
producers made the same efforts to Anglicise the dance that had occurred in
response to foreign imports throughout the
on a social level
the term lumps together the Anglicised merchant elite and the ‘Oriental’ poorer
sections of the Baghdadi community in the city.
The first part of the chapter attempts to delineate the modus operandi
of the Baghdadi Jewish merchants in the India–China trade in the second half of the
nineteenth century. It compares the Baghdadis’ commercial role with that of Parsi and
Ismaili merchants, and is therefore closely tied to Claude Markovits’s contribution in
the next chapter. The latter part of the chapter
role that the religious communities’ educational work played in this. Anglicisation and the gendering of Catholic identity
through education occurred at this time, and while some women religious had
an anglicising influence, particularly the Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur who
ran Scotland’s first Catholic teacher training college, others worked to ensure
the continuation of a distinctively Scottish identity.
Schools and teachers before 1872
Before the late 1850s provision was inconsistent and in most places completely
absent. The twenty years between 1851 and 1871
satisfactorily at the international
level. This matter of climate and regional success/style, begs for more
The fervent devotion to cricket seen in Australia was
strangely absent in Canada, even though there was considerable
anglicisation of that huge country long before the twentieth century. It
is difficult to account for this curiosity, except to surmise that
. Imported to Britain by BassettLowke then (somewhat) anglicised in appearance and manufactured in
Northampton by Winteringham Ltd, one twig in Bassett-Lowke’s ramified
model engineering empire, Trix-Twin sold very well once he had helped the
German company’s Jewish principals to evade Nazi anti-Semitic property laws.14
Winteringham Ltd also provided the first manufacturing site for Mettoy Ltd,
another Bassett-Lowke offshoot, when that corporate twig first set about making Corgi diecast metal cars.
Trix-Twin train sets sold so well that Frank Hornby’s company (he died
Popular dance in Britain fundamentally transformed in the early 1920s. This book explores the development, experience and cultural representation of popular dance in Britain during the first half of the twentieth century. The specific focus is on two distinct yet occasionally overlapping commercial producers: the dance profession and the dance hall industry. The strong foreign, and increasingly American, influences on dancing directly connected this cultural form with questions about the autonomy and identity of the British nation. The book uses dancing as a lens through which to better understand broader historical processes of popular cultural production and consumption, and national identity construction. The first part of the book focuses on the efforts of dancing's producers to construct a standardised style and experience for British dancing, and the response to those efforts by consumers. These interactions determined which dances would find success in Britain, and how and where they would be performed. The second part demonstrates how these interactions between dancing's producers and consumers constructed, circulated, embodied, but also commodified, ideologies of gender, class, race and nation. The dance profession transformed the steps and figures of foreign dances like the foxtrot and tango into what became known as the 'English style' of ballroom dancing. The dance hall industry launched a series of novelty dances, such as the Lambeth Walk, that were celebrated for their British origins and character, and marketed the wartime dance floor as a site of patriotism and resistance.
This novel is a designedly political document. Written at the time of the Hastings impeachment and set in the period of Hastings’s Orientalist government, Hartly House, Calcutta (1789) represents a dramatic delineation of the Anglo-Indian encounter. The novel constitutes a significant intervention in the contemporary debate concerning the nature of Hastings’s rule of India by demonstrating that it was characterised by an atmosphere of intellectual sympathy and racial tolerance. Within a few decades the Evangelical and Anglicising lobbies frequently condemned Brahmans as devious beneficiaries of a parasitic priestcraft, but Phebe Gibbes’s portrayal of Sophia’s Brahman and the religion he espouses represent a perception of India dignified by a sympathetic and tolerant attempt to dispel prejudice.