Search results

Editor: Claire L. Jones

Drawing together essays written by scholars from Great Britain and the United States, this book provides an important contribution to the emerging field of disability history. It explores the development of modern transatlantic prosthetic industries in nineteenth and twentieth centuries and reveals how the co-alignment of medicine, industrial capitalism, and social norms shaped diverse lived experiences of prosthetic technologies and in turn, disability identities. Through case studies that focus on hearing aids, artificial tympanums, amplified telephones, artificial limbs, wigs and dentures, this book provides a new account of the historic relationship between prostheses, disability and industry. Essays draw on neglected source material, including patent records, trade literature and artefacts, to uncover the historic processes of commodification surrounding different prostheses and the involvement of neglected companies, philanthropists, medical practitioners, veterans, businessmen, wives, mothers and others in these processes. Its culturally informed commodification approach means that this book will be relevant to scholars interested in cultural, literary, social, political, medical, economic and commercial history.

Alan P. Dobson

INTRODUCTION In the scholarship of Anglo-American relations, and it is very extensive, there is surprisingly little written about the political culture that the two countries might share. Perhaps this is because at first sight differences rather than commonalities appear to predominate, especially in the institutional sphere. Often claims are made that the United States is more libertarian, laissez-faire economically, socially conservative on the death penalty, abortion, the right to bear arms, health provision, and gay rights, and traditionally more right

in Culture matters
Young Winston (1972), A Bridge Too Far (1977) and Magic
Sally Dux

Anglo-American alliances: Young Winston (1972), A Bridge Too Far (1977) and Magic (1978) 4 In the 1970s Richard Attenborough consolidated his move into directing by completing three films, all different in style and subject. Two were British productions: Young Winston, a portrayal of Winston Churchill’s early life, and A Bridge Too Far, a re-enactment of the Battle of Arnhem, a significant Allied defeat of the Second World War. Both films are notable for their high production values, stellar casts and complex narratives. They also demonstrate Attenborough

in Richard Attenborough
Evaluating commemoration and generational transmission of the special relationship
Robert M. Hendershot

by local villagers, but the gravesites became far more than memorials to individual lives. Though the cemetery on Ocracoke is maintained by the US Coast Guard and the cemetery on Hatteras is cared for by the National Park Service, local communities likewise commemorate the gravesites with memorial plaques, British and American flags, and annual ceremonies. 1 In this way, these British cemeteries serve as physical representations of a hegemonic narrative of the Anglo-American alliance that exists within collective memory, and it is in this context that government

in Culture matters
Steve Marsh

INTRODUCTION Anglo-American relations assumed their modern form as a result of pre-existing sentiment, interests, and shared experiences being given shape through discourse and, especially, their encapsulation in a simple, easily identifiable, and preferential nomenclature: the special relationship. Yet there is an anomaly in play. On the one hand, the term is nowadays instantly recognizable shorthand for Anglo-American relations. On the other, it gained political and popular traction only from the 1950s onwards, after the objective peak of what it is

in Culture matters
Ben Tonra

5 The narrative of the Anglo-American State Introduction The purpose of this chapter is to outline the fourth and final narrative identified by this study, that of Ireland as an Anglo-American State. This narrative looks to the English-speaking world as being Ireland’s natural political and cultural hinterland. It also encapsulates a more radical challenge to nationalism than that offered by the narrative of European Republic.Whereas that narrative sees nationalism as being transformed within a co-operative pan-European political project, the narrative of the

in Global citizen and European Republic
Property, patriarchy and women’s legal status in England and America
Lindsay R. Moore

1 The varieties of Anglo-American law: property, patriarchy and women’s legal status in England and America T he English legal system was the subject of much controversy and debate in the seventeenth century. Some contemporary writers decried the dilatory proceedings, high costs and obscure language which characterised litigation and legal procedures, while others believed that the legal system had become so cumbersome and labyrinthine as to make it all but inaccessible to the average person seeking justice and legal redress in the courts.1 According to

in Women before the court
Alden T. Vaughan

8 Ralegh, Harriot, and Anglo-American ethnography Alden T. Vaughan If Sir Walter Ralegh can legitimately be called ‘the father of the British Empire’, he is with comparable accuracy ‘the father of Anglo-American Ethnography’. (‘Ethnography’ here means extensive, informed descriptions of a people and their culture; ‘Anglo-American’ encompasses English writings about America, whether composed on the scene or in Europe.) A case can be made that Thomas Harriot was the first major English ethnographer because his Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of

in Literary and visual Ralegh
Emma Louise Briant

5 Anglo-American relations in the counter-terrorism propaganda war Introduction This chapter will begin by tracing developing patterns of divergence and convergence in the perceived interests dominant in each country’s leadership. The international system which permitted the emergence of a predominantly Anglo-American ‘war on terror’ was a security environment in transition. Former adversaries now competed in the marketplace of capitalism, with China a rising economic competitor to the US. The period was also characterised by the emerging international position

in Propaganda and counter-terrorism
Abstract only
Claire L. Jones

studies and literary criticism. Before the remainder of this introductory essay addresses each commodification process in turn in order to contextualise the essays, it is important to reiterate the powerful influence of medicine and the market in shaping social and cultural meanings of disability in nineteenth-​and twentieth-​century Great Britain and the United States. Accordingly, the Anglo-​American medical establishment is a main focus of this collection. This focus is not an attempt to valorise medical conceptions of disability. Indeed, unpacking the significant

in Rethinking modern prostheses in Anglo-American commodity cultures, 1820–1939