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Anthropology, European imperialism, and the politics of knowledge

Many questions present themselves when considering the historical relationship between anthropology and empire following the Scramble for Africa. These include the extent of imperial fortunes in Africa, rising and falling with officials' knowledge of the people under their jurisdiction. This book looks at the institutional frameworks of anthropology, and shows that the colonial project to order Africa, intellectually and politically, was a messy and not-so comprehensive endeavor. It first considers the roles of metropolitan researchers and institutes such as the colonial ethnographers active in French West Africa, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft in Berlin, and the British-based International Institute of African Languages and Cultures. The book deals with the role of African ethnograpghers for their study on African teaching assistants and schoolmasters-cum-ethnographers, and the study of Jomo Kenyatta's journey to produce Facing Mount Kenya. Swiss missionaries undertook discovery and domestication first on European soil before it was transferred to African soils and societies. Primordial imagination at work in equatorial Africa is discussed through an analysis of Fang ethnographies, and the infertility scares among Mongo in the Belgian Congo is contrasted with the Nzakara in the French Congo. Once colonial rule had been imposed, administrators and imperial managers were often forced to consider those judicial and social rules that had governed Africans' lives and had predated colonialism. Studies of Italian Northeast Africa, the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan and French West Africa reveal the uneven ways in which ethnographic knowledge was pursued and applied in this respect.

Douglas H. Johnson

discipline. Had Evans-Pritchard allowed himself to be guided entirely by the mundane needs of administration, we would never have had Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic among the Azande , and The Nuer would have resembled A Tribal Survey of Mongalla Province or volume one of The Equatorial Nile Project and its Effects in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan . In

in Ordering Africa
Policing the Upper Nile Province of the Sudan
Douglas H. Johnson

varied duties expected to different bodies of Sudanese police during the Anglo-Egyptian condominium. Here we focus on police support in the civil administration of rural areas from occupation in 1898 to Sudanisation in 1954. Both the police and civil administration in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan evolved from the Egyptian army of reconquest and occupation, and the majority of the earliest personnel (British

in Policing the empire
Christopher Prior

The Anglo-Egyptian Sudan when he wrote that the Sudanese man was ‘essentially feudal in his instincts. It is, for instance, useless to approach him with abstract ideas of Liberty, Fraternity, Equality . He has his chief, secular or religious, and expects to have to obey him and to see authority upheld’. 95 This was an update of Charles Temple’s earlier view that

in Exporting empire
Tradition, modernity and indirect rule
Christopher Prior

course, to say that ‘divide and rule’ was never employed; D. E. Omissi, The Sepoy and The Raj: The Indian Army, 1860–1940 (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1994 ), ch. 1 12 MacMichael, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan , pp. 253, 255 13 E. J. Arnett, ‘West Africa

in Exporting empire
British and French ‘heroic imperialists’ as sites of memory
Berny Sèbe

What could statues in London, Chatham, Gravesend and Melbourne; a commemorative service in Khartoum Cathedral; the cathedral itself; a stream of biographies published continuously since the mid-1880s; a secondary school in Woking; and an educational institution in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan possibly have in common? What may appear to be a disorderly

in Sites of imperial memory
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Africa, imperialism, and anthropology
Helen Tilley

had predated colonialism. The contributions in this section, studies of Italian Northeast Africa, the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan and French West Africa reveal the uneven ways in which ethnographic knowledge was pursued and applied in this respect. Following Pels and Salemink’s call to examine how ‘ethnography, embedded in an administrative practice, was a legalist act’, Barbara Sorgoni explores the changing

in Ordering Africa
The end of European empires in the Sahara and their legacy
Berny Sèbe

of the region (and access to nuclear testing facilities) failed to erase decades of administrative compartmentalisation. Each sub-division of the Sahara subsequently obtained independence with the non-Saharan territories it used to be attached to: in the south, Mauritania, Mali, Niger and Chad, in the north, Algeria. In the meantime, Libya had become self-governing in 1951, and Anglo-Egyptian Sudan had followed suit in 1956. Later, after an attempt to ‘departmentalise’ the Western Sahara, the Spaniards left it in 1975, only for Morocco (until now) and Mauritania

in Francophone Africa at fifty
Angela Stienne

display, to delight and educate the visitors of the early twentieth century? We have some clues in the original museum catalogue. 8 Egypt and Sudan were present throughout the exhibition. The guide notes that ‘a series of objects from the excavations made by Mr. Henry S. Wellcome in a prehistoric station at Gebel Moya, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, is shown in Cases 20–23.’ 9 Wellcome travelled to Egypt and

in Mummified
Monarchy and Fascism in the Italian colonies
Alessandro Pes

invasion of French Djibouti, British Somaliland and the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. A British counter-attack resulted in British occupation of the Italian colonies the following year. On 5 May 1941, exactly five years after the triumphal entry into Addis Ababa of General Pietro Badoglio, Haile Selassie, the Emperor of Ethiopia, who had fled into exile with the Italian conquest in 1936, returned to the Ethiopian capital. The

in Crowns and colonies