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Jessica O’Reilly

expectations to – enfold their expert interpretations in broader stories about Antarctic climate change. How does the translation of expert knowledge fare in near real-time environmental events? In this case, the ice spoke, but slowly, relative to Larsen B's timeline – a meandering, obfuscated sign of environmental change. Nonetheless, the physical, material event of ice calving off of Antarctica has a resonant power unmatched by climate projections more removed from the tangible, earthly register. The eventization of ice happenings is an emerging

in Ice humanities
Exploring Nineteenth-Century Polar Gothic Space
Katherine Bowers

This article considers a unified polar Gothic as a way of examining texts set in Arctic and Antarctic space. Through analysis of Coleridge‘s The Rime of the Ancient Mariner, Shelleys Frankenstein, and Poe‘s The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket , the author creates a framework for understanding polar Gothic, which includes liminal space, the supernatural, the Gothic sublime, ghosts and apparitions, and imperial Gothic anxieties about the degradation of civilisation. Analysing Verne‘s scientific-adventure novel The Adventures of Captain Hatteras (1866) with this framework, the author contextualises the continued public interest in the lost Franklin expedition and reflects on nineteenth-century polar Gothic anxieties in the present day. Polar space creates an uncanny potential for seeing ones own self and examining what lies beneath the surface of ones own rational mind.

Gothic Studies
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

encouraged late-capitalism to move beyond the South’s enclaves and the special economic zones established during the 1980s as part of the North’s deindustrialisation ( Amsden, 1990 ). Private finance is investing in what are called infrastructural ‘mega-corridors’ ( Hildyard and Sol, 2017 ). With China’s Belt and Road Initiative just one example, this is a huge near-global expansion. Except Antarctica, no region is excluded with continental – even transcontinental – infrastructure plans in existence that seek to reappropriate the biosphere

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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New Zealand claims Antarctica from the ‘heroic era’ to the twenty-first century
Katie Pickles

With no Indigenous inhabitants, since its discovery by people from elsewhere, Antarctica has been deemed a space ready to be claimed and to have history written upon it. As Elizabeth Leane argues, ‘Antarctica’s meaning for humans lies in the stories we tell about it’. 1 Antarctica is a place 10,034 kilometres away from New Zealand that few nationals

in New Zealand’s empire
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Science and art in Antarctica
Mike Pearson

12 Treaty obligations: science and art in Antarctica Mike Pearson I have never been anywhere which is so obviously not made of words, not made out of human perceptions and understandings. It’s itself. It stands apart from human culture. It overshadows human culture and there is something transporting and rather good for us in getting to a place so different. A place which we really cannot plausibly claim is just a subdivision of our own concerns. (Spufford 2011) Antarctica It is a continent of 14 million square kilometres. It is the coldest, driest, windiest

in Extending ecocriticism

This book offers a nuanced and detailed examination of Russia’s international activity. In broad terms, the book contributes to two of the most important current debates about contemporary Russian actions: whether Moscow is acting strategically or opportunistically, and whether this should be understood in regional or global terms. The book goes against the majority opinions on both questions, and introduces contributions in a number of under-researched themes. It argues that Moscow is not acting in a simply ad hoc, reactive way, but in a consistently strategic manner, and that this is best understood not by analysing Russia’s return to specific regions, but in a more holistic way with a global horizon, linking activity across different regions. This means that the Russian challenge is likely to continue rather than fade away.

The book addresses core themes of Russian activity – military, energy, and economic. But it offers an unusual multi-disciplinary analysis to these themes, incorporating both regional and thematic specialist expertise. Underpinned by detailed analyses of the revolution in Russian geospatial capabilities and the establishment of a strategic planning foundation, the book includes chapters on military and maritime strategies, energy security, and economic diversification and influence. This serves to highlight the connections between military and economic interests that shape and drive Russian strategy.

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Stephanie Krzywonos

, careful to evade the current’s grip. The sharp temperature change awakens our skin. The river’s water is a vivid and surprising creamy blue. My co-worker says glaciers grind the land and rocks beneath them into a powder so fine the particles suspend in water instead of sinking. ‘Rock flour’, reflecting sunlight, creates bright blue water. When she tells me it’s possible to work in Antarctica, where most of the glaciers live, I know where I’m migrating next. Desert At their maximum, Pleistocene glaciers

in Living with water
Open Access (free)
Narratives of balance and moderation at the limits of human performance
Vanessa Heggie

historians of the concept of homeostasis were themselves physiologists who worked on human and animal adaptation. 1 This chapter investigates notions of balance in the ‘natural laboratories’ of extreme physiology – specifically the high Arctic, Antarctica and high altitude in South America and the Himalaya. Physiologists and other biomedical scientists celebrated these sites as spaces in which many varieties of im balance could be studied. Here I will concentrate on three different

in Balancing the self

continental shelf of Antarctica The continent of Antarctica, measuring around 5.5 million square miles, constitutes almost 10 per cent of the world’s land mass; and the question of the continental shelf around it gives rise to particular considerations. Seven States – Argentina, Chile, France, New Zealand, Norway and the United Kingdom – lay claim to some part of the territory

in The law of the sea

New Zealand’s Empire revises and expands received histories of empire and imperialism. In the study of the imperial past, both colonial and postcolonial approaches have often asserted the dualism of core and periphery, with New Zealand as on the ‘edge’ or as a ‘periphery’. This book critically revises and makes complex our understandings of the range of ways that New Zealand has played a role as an ‘imperial power’, including the cultural histories of New Zealand inside the British empire, engagements with imperial practices and notions of imperialism, the special significance of New Zealand in the Pacific region, and the circulation of the ideas of empire both through and inside New Zealand over time. It departs from earlier studies of both imperial and national histories by taking a new approach: seeing New Zealand as both powerful as an imperial envoy, and as having its own sovereign role in Pacific nations - as well as in Australia and Antarctica - but also through its examination of the manifold ways in which New Zealanders both look back at and comment on their relationships with the ‘empire’ over time. In separate essays that span social, cultural, political and economic history, contributors test the concept of ‘New Zealand’s Empire’, taking new directions in both historiographical and empirical research.