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Reconstruction and Soldier Settlement in the Empire Between the Wars
Author: Kent Fedorowich

Research on soldier settlement has to be set within the wider history of emigration and immigration. This book examines two parallel but complementary themes: the settlement of British soldiers in the overseas or 'white' dominions, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa, between 1915 and 1930. One must place soldier settlement within the larger context of imperial migration prior to 1914 in order to elicit the changes in attitude and policy which occurred after the armistice. The book discusses the changes to Anglo-dominion relations that were consequent upon the incorporation of British ex-service personnel into several overseas soldier settlement programmes, and unravels the responses of the dominion governments to such programmes. For instance, Canadians and Australians complained about the number of ex-imperials who arrived physically unfit and unable to undertake employment of any kind. The First World War made the British government to commit itself to a free passage scheme for its ex-service personnel between 1914 and 1922. The efforts of men such as L. S. Amery who attempted to establish a landed imperial yeomanry overseas is described. Anglicisation was revived in South Africa after the second Anglo-Boer War, and politicisation of the country's soldier settlement was an integral part of the larger debate on British immigration to South Africa. The Australian experience of resettling ex-servicemen on the land after World War I came at a great social and financial cost, and New Zealand's disappointing results demonstrated the nation's vulnerability to outside economic factors.

The failure of the Anzac legend
Kent Fedorowich

myth and the yeoman ideal but shared some of their salient features. The ‘Anzaclegend or ‘digger’ tradition was created during the unsuccessful Gallipoli campaign. For Australians, Gallipoli signified not just the first major test of its military prowess, but more importantly a coming of age. Australians believed that their country had indeed achieved nationhood. 7 The

in Unfit for heroes
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Anna Green and Kathleen Troup

product of a recent resurgence of this ‘Anzac legend’. According to the legend, during the Great War Australian soldiers proved to themselves and to the rest of the world that the new breed of Anglo-Celtic men from the south was worthy to rank with the nations of the world. Gallipoli, where the Australians first went into battle on April 25 1915, was regarded as the baptism of fire of the new Australian Commonwealth, and the commemoration of Anzac Day on April 25 each year became the Australian equivalent of American Independence Day or Bastille Day in France (without

in The houses of history
Public discourse and the conditions of silence
Elizabeth Furniss

the Gallipoli massacre in particular became transformed into a story – the Anzac legend – that symbolises what are purported to be key Australian national values: courage, valour and heroic suffering, where war becomes the proving ground of national character and death in war the ultimate patriotic sacrifice. 15 The pervasiveness of the Anzac legend is immediately evident not only in Australia’s national holiday (Anzac Day) but in the numerous war memorials and monuments found in state capitals and small country towns alike

in Rethinking settler colonialism
Disease, conflict and nursing in the British Empire, 1880–1914
Angharad Fletcher

professional life to the instigation and expansion of nursing infrastructures in New South Wales and her ‘frontier experiences’, her links to the ‘old country’ and her military experiences (particularly at Gallipoli), allow her to be easily assimilated within the early formation of notions surrounding Australian nationalism. More specifically, her encounters have rendered her an integral part of the feminised reshaping of the Anzac Legend, the controversial and evolving cultural concept founded partially upon the apparent personal qualities of the romanticised Antipodean

in Colonial caring
No more ‘Australia for the White Man’
David Olds and Robert Phiddian

converted: those who made up the conservative, Anglocentric White Australia of the Old Bully; who voted for Menzies over Ben Chifley's Labor Party in 1949 (see Figure 14.4 ); and who saw in Australia's involvement in Korea a continuation of the Anzac Legend founded in the two world wars ( Figure 14.5 ). Figure 14.4 Ted Scorfield, ‘Going my way – on a full petrol-tank?’, The Bulletin , 30 November 1949, p. 5

in Comic empires
Andrekos Varnava

Growing up in Australia I could not avoid the Anzac legend and the Australian pride in the contribution of their ancestors to both World Wars. These contributions, especially at Gallipoli, play an important role in Australian national identity in new and evolving ways. 1 As an Australian of Cypriot heritage the place of the Great War in the Australian national script

in Serving the empire in the Great War
Geoffrey Cubitt

of remembrance increasingly focused on the memories of bereaved civilians. They might also display varied and complex reactions to the mythical representations of their wartime exploits and experiences that public commemorative culture sometimes embodied. Thus, as Thomson has shown, a construct such as the ‘Anzac legend’, with its celebrations of the fighting spirit, manliness and mateship of the (supposedly) typical Australian digger, might provide many veterans with a helpfully positive affirmation of their own values and experiences and thus with a viable

in History and memory
History, myth, and the New Zealand Wars
Kynan Gentry

Pakeha imagination: ‘The children played old-world soldiers at Waterloo, not Rangiriri, and new-world soldiers at the Wagon Box, not Ngatapa’. 86 By the time The New Zealand Wars was published, the ANZAC legend had also already shown itself to be far more adaptable to the myth of war experience, not to mention less controversial. 87 The New Zealand Wars had even arguably been surpassed in

in History, heritage, and colonialism
Timothy Bowman

(Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1983), pp. 1–46. 52 J. Beaumont, ‘The Anzac Legend’, in J. Beaumont (ed.) Australia’s War, 1914–18 (Allen & Unwin Ltd, St Leonards, 1995), pp. 159–160. To date, there is no detailed study of Australian troop discipline during the Great War. 53 J. A. Crang, ‘The British Soldier on the Home Front: Army Morale Reports, 1940–45’, in P. Addison and A. Calder (eds.), Time To Kill: The Soldier’s Experience of War in the West 1939–1945 (Pimlico, London, 1997), pp. 60–76; D. French, Raising Churchill’s Army: The British Army and the War against Germany

in The Irish regiments in the Great War