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Wood reads Philip Sidney’s New Arcadia in the light of the ethos known as Philippism, after the followers of Philip Melanchthon the Protestant theologian. He employs a critical paradigm previously used to discuss Sidney’s Defence of Poesy and narrows the gap that critics have found between Sidney’s theory and literary practice. This book is a valuable resource for scholars and researchers in the fields of literary and religious studies.

Various strands of philosophical, political and theological thought are accommodated within the New Arcadia, which conforms to the kind of literature praised by Melanchthon for its examples of virtue. Employing the same philosophy, Sidney, in his letter to Queen Elizabeth and in his fiction, arrogates to himself the role of court counsellor. Robert Devereux also draws, Wood argues, on the optimistic and conciliatory philosophy signified by Sidney’s New Arcadia.

Victor Skretkowicz

in Europe after Noah, in which Samothes ruled over a unified kingdom that included France and Britain. In using Annius’s pseudo-Berosus legend of Samothes to politicise his Old Arcadia , Sir Philip Sidney (1554–86) appears to be unique among creative writers of the European Renaissance. Sidney wrote the bulk of the Old Arcadia in June 1577, 1 shortly after returning from

in European erotic romance
Helena Chance

Designing the company Arcadia 5  ✧  Designing the company Arcadia T ambitions of industrialists George Cadbury and John Patterson and their heirs did not stop with the land in the immediate vicinity of their factories. As their workforces grew, both men ploughed their profits into new parks for their employees and eventually for the wider community, and today they are remembered for their significant and lasting patronage of community parks and other open spaces. Rowheath Park, at Bournville (from 1921) and the Hills and Dales Park, the Old Barn Club and Old

in The factory in a garden
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Rewriting the English lyric landscape
Anne Sweeney

desired,    All lower hopes refraine. Puttenham’s The Arte of English Poesie (1589) shows a new awareness of the qualities and uses of English vernacular works; Sidney’s revised Arcadia , and Fraunce’s Arcadian Rhetoric (1590, 1588), among other similar works, on the other hand, are evidence of an interest in alternative language-registers to the

in Robert Southwell
Philhellene Protestantism, Renaissance translation and English literary politics

Relatively late manifestations of the European philhellene revival of Greco-Roman letters presented to readers complex, extended prose fiction in which the trials of love mask an implicit moral and political allegory. Inevitably, coming during the Reformation, Counter-Reformation and the Catholic Reformation, this cultural phenomenon was not without its religious and political dimensions. Longus, Achilles Tatius and Heliodorus were the three principal English exponents of rhetorically conscious Greco-Roman erotic romance. This book enhances the understanding of the erotic romances of Philip Sidney, Shakespeare, and Lady Mary Sidney Wroth by setting them within an integrated political, rhetorical, and aesthetic context. It investigates how Renaissance translators alter rhetorical styles, and even contents, to accord with contemporary taste, political agendas and the restrictions of censorship. Particular attention is paid to differences between the French courtly style of Jacques Amyot and François de Belleforest and the more literal translations of their English counterparts. Valuable perspective on the early translations is offered through the modern English versions in B.P. Reardon's Collected Ancient Greek Novels. The book considers the three texts of Sidney's Arcadia, as a political romance sharing many of the thematic and rhetorical concerns of the ancients. It focuses on a narrow range of Shakespeare's plays including Julius Caesar and Antony and Cleopatra. The book identifies Mary Sidney Wroth's masque-like prose allegory, The Countess of Montgomery's Urania, as philhellene Protestant political propaganda.

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Richard James Wood

This book seeks to interpret Sir Philip Sidney’s Arcadia as an articulation of a particular ethical outlook: that ethos which has been termed Philippist after the followers of Philip Melanchthon. Biographically speaking, it is well established that Sidney was familiar with the work of Melanchthon and the Philippists. 1 The ethical viewpoint that I argue the Arcadia articulates, is, naturally, identified with the romance’s author, reflecting his political and religious philosophies, which are, understandably, often also discernible in his real-life public

in Sidney's Arcadia and the conflicts of virtue
Conflicted conflicts in Astrophil and Stella and the New Arcadia
Richard James Wood

The martial adventures of the New Arcadia have produced a good deal of critical opinion about what such knightly escapades might suggest about Sidney’s political philosophy. Sidney’s position, as a well-connected courtier who opposed Elizabeth’s marriage to Anjou and who favoured a more active foreign policy in defence of the Protestant religion, provides a ready point of departure for such discussions. In this chapter, I engage with the strand of critical thought that finds there to be a mismatch between the chivalric ethos of the New Arcadia and Sidney

in Sidney's Arcadia and the conflicts of virtue
Sir Philip Sidney’s legacy of anti-factionalism
Richard James Wood

Although Philip Sidney’s Arcadia was completed in the previous decade, it was in fact a work of great literary significance to the 1590s. In particular, the literary quarrel associated with the different publications of the romance reflected the conflicting political philosophies of the publications’ editors. This was a dispute over Sidney’s literary heritage, with added importance for the possible future direction of a state dogged by factionalism. As one of Sidney’s early editors, Fulke Greville chose to connect the Arcadia with one particularly prominent

in Sidney's Arcadia and the conflicts of virtue
The Earl of Essex, Sir Philip Sidney and surviving Elizabeth’s court
Richard Wood

romance, the Arcadia . 6 And so, building on the work of historians like James and Hammer, and in order to further the ongoing reappraisal of the political and cultural career of the Earl of Essex, this chapter will examine the relationship between the earl and the ‘specific aspect of the political culture of Elizabethan England’ (that ‘synthesis’) that is ‘Sidneian

in Essex
Sir Philip Sidney, the Arcadia and his step-dame, Elizabeth
Richard James Wood

This first chapter introduces Sir Philip Sidney’s contribution to the Elizabethan political imaginary, paying particular attention to his relationship, as a would-be court counsellor, with Queen Elizabeth. I begin to elucidate the particular contribution made by Sidney’s Arcadia to the beliefs and practices of Tudor political culture. The Old Arcadia , Sidney’s first attempt to negotiate his relationship with Elizabeth in the form of an extended prose work, his ‘Letter to Queen Elizabeth, Touching her Marriage with Monsieur’ and Astrophil and Stella form

in Sidney's Arcadia and the conflicts of virtue